Télévision Numérique Terrestre

Télévision Numérique Terrestre
Télévision Numérique Terrestre first logo

TNT (Télévision Numérique Terrestre) is the national digital terrestrial service for France. It formally arrived on 31 March 2005 after a short testing period. Like Freeview in the United Kingdom it will support many new channels as well as the current terrestrial television stations. Also, like the rest of the Europe, France is using DVB-T as a transmission technology.

By 2012, at least 95% of the French metropolitan population is expected to be covered by digital terrestrial television services.

5 HD channels (4 free and one pay) were launched in October 2008 using also the H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC format.

Pay TV channels were launched in September 2005 using the MPEG4 format, unlike most of Europe which currently uses MPEG2.

Pay per view terrestrial channels use H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC. Analogue switch off is expected to be finished by 30 November 2011.[1]

TNT is the first service to implement Dolby Digital Plus as an audio codec on its High-Definition channels. Viewers have to buy a TV set (or set-top box) that supports both MPEG4 H.264 and DD+ to enjoy HD channels.[2]


DTT transition

By 2008, 34% of the French population was using analog TV as an only reception mode. [3]. The next year, the city of Coulommiers switched to digital-only TV, serving as a test city for TDF. By the end of 2009, analog TV was shut off in the Nord-Cotentin, and TDF reported no major reception problems. Citizens in TNT test-zones were informed that analog TV would shut down by early 2009, and consequently they adapted their installation.

For the rest of the country, the shut-off is planned by regions, more precisely France3 regions. It means that every transmitters broadcasting "France3 Méditerranée Provence-Alpes" will go digital at the same date, another date for those which broadcast "France3 Bourgogne Franche-Comté". Analog shut-off was planned in 2010 for the North of the France, and 2011 for the south.

Three months before a transmitter shuts analog down, it must transmit the TNT multiplexes so that the viewers can adapt their installation on time. Also, a message is displayed as marquee on analog channels warning the viewer that he will no longer receive TV if he doesn't switch to digital. To help people installing their TNT reception equipment, the French government created "France Télé Numérique".[4] It makes didactic videos, TV ads, and goes through the local markets, to meet people and solve their problems regarding DTT reception.

Old people, or with restricted financial conditions, receive help from the French state, so that they can switch to DTT easily.

The most common adapters sold in the market only decode MPEG2 and have only one SCART output socket. Old TV sets (before 1980) need a UHF modulator between the TV and the set-top box, as they have no SCART socket. Unlike VCRs, DVB-T set-top boxes rarely include such a modulator, and a SCART to RCA adaptor is often needed to feed the modulator with the signal. The solution recommended by France Télé Numérique is just to buy a new TV set instead of using a modulator.

TNT by satellite

TNT channels are also available for reception by satellite, broadcast from the Astra satellites at 19.2° east as TNT SAT and from Atlantic Bird 3 as FRANSAT. Some of the channels are encrypted but there is no subscription charge, and both the set-top box and viewing card (valid for four years) that are required are available from hypermarkets. The public channels France 2, France3, France 5, France Ô, LCP and the Franco-German channel arte are free-to-air on Atlantic Bird 3.[5][6]

During the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the channels France 2 and France3 were encrypted to prevent watching the matches elsewhere than in France.


National channels

EPG No. Channel Multiplex
1 TF1 R6
2 France 2 R1
3 France 3 R1
4 Canal+ HD (Pay-TVHD) R3
5 France 5 R1
6 M6 R4
7 Arte R6
8 Direct 8 R2
9 W9 R4
10 TMC R6
11 NT1 R4
12 NRJ 12 R6
13 La Chaîne parlementaire R1
14 France 4 R2
15 BFM TV R2
16 I>Télé R2
EPG No. Channel Multiplex
17 Direct Star R2
18 Gulli R2
19 France Ô R1
20-25 Regional Channels R1, L8
30 TPS Star (Pay-TV) R3
31 Paris Première (Pay-TV) R4
32 Canal+ Sport (Pay-TV) R3
33 Canal+ Cinéma (Pay-TV) R3
34 CFoot (Pay-TV) R6
35 Planète+ (Pay-TV) R3
36 TF6 (Pay-TV) R6
38 LCI (Pay-TV) R6
39 Eurosport France (Pay-TV) R6
51 TF1 HD (HD) R5
52 France 2 HD (HD) R5
56 M6 HD (HD) R5
57 Arte HD (HD) R4

Regional channels on multiplex R1

EPG No. Channel Area
20 Alsace 20 Region of Alsace
20 Angers 7 Department of Maine-et-Loire
20 Bip TV Department of Indre
20 Clermont Première Region of Auvergne
20 LCM Department of Bouches-du-Rhône
20 Normandie TV Region of Lower Normandy
20 Télé Grenoble Department of Isère
20 TLM City of Lyon
20 TLT City of Toulouse
20 TV Rennes 35 Department of Ille-et-Vilaine
20 TV Sud 77 Department of Seine-et-Marne
20 TV7 Bordeaux Department of Gironde
20 TVPI Landes, Pyrénées-Atlantiques
20 Villages TV City of Poitiers
20 Wéo Region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais
EPG No. Channel Area
21 TV SUD (Montpellier) City of Montpellier
21 Grand Lille TV City of Lille
21 Nantes 7 / TéléNantes Loire-Atlantique, Vendée
21 Tébéo Department of Finistère
21 TL7 City of Saint-Etienne
21 TLP Alpes de Haute Provence, Vaucluse
21 TV Tours Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher
21 TV8 Mont-Blanc Savoie, Haute-Savoie
21 Voo TV City of Dijon
21 Vosges Télévision Department of Vosges
23 LM TV Sarthe Department of Sarthe
23 Mirabelle TV Department of Moselle
23 TV SUD (Camargues Cévennes) Cities of Nîmes and Arles
23 Territorial TV Marne, Haute-Marne, Meuse
23 TY Télé Department of Morbihan
25 Orléans TV City of Orléans

Regional channels on multiplex L8

EPG No. Channel Area
20 Bip TV City of Issoudun
20 Canal 32 Department of Aube
21 Demain IDF / BDM TV / Cinaps TV / Télé Bocal (time-shared) Region of Île-de-France
22 IDF1 Region of Île-de-France
23 NRJ Paris Region of Île-de-France
24 BFM Business Region of Île-de-France
23 Canal Cholet Department of Vendée
24 TV Vendée Department of Vendée
25 Canal 15 Department of Vendée

National multiplexes

Multiplex 1st channel 2nd channel 3rd channel 4th channel 5th channel 6th channel 7th channel
Multiplex R1 (GR1) France 2 France 5 France Ô La Chaîne parlementaire France 3 Regional Channels
Multiplex R2 (NTN) Direct 8 BFM TV I>Télé Direct Star Gulli France 4
Multiplex R3 (CNH) Canal+ HD Canal+ Cinéma Canal+ Sport Planète TPS Star CFoot
Multiplex R4 (Multi 4) Paris Première M6 W9 NT1 Arte HD
Multiplex R5 (MR5) TF1 HD France 2 HD M6HD
Multiplex R6 (SMR6) TF1 NRJ 12 Eurosport France LCI TF6 TMC Arte

Regional multiplexes

Multiplex Area 1st channel 2nd channel 3rd channel 4th channel
Multiplex L8 (Multi 7) Region of Île-de-France Demain IDF / BDM TV / Cinaps TV / Télé Bocal (time-shared) IDF1 NRJ Paris BFM Business
Multiplex L8 (Multi 7) Department of Aube Canal 32
Multiplex L8 (TVO) Department of Vendée Canal Cholet TV Vendée Canal 15
Multiplex L8 (Multi 7) City of Issoudun Bip TV

See also


  1. ^ Schéma national d’arrêt de la diffusion analogique pour le basculement vers le numérique (contribution du CSA)(In French).
  2. ^ "French terrestrial TNT Service with HD-channels and first implementation of Dolby Digital Plus". http://www.hdtvtotal.com/module-pagesetter-viewpub-tid-1-pid-1248.html.  on HDTVTotal.com
  3. ^ "2011, fin de la TV analogique : une majorité de Français l'ignore". Zdnet.fr. http://www.zdnet.fr/actualites/2011-fin-de-la-tv-analogique-une-majorite-de-francais-l-ignore-39378777.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  4. ^ "Accueil - Tous Au Numérique". Tousaunumerique.fr. http://www.tousaunumerique.fr/. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  5. ^ Demonstration that France 4 is encrypted
  6. ^ Demonstration that the other channels are FTA

External links

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