Riddarholmsbron (Swedish: "The Knights Islet bridge") is a
bridgein Gamla stan, the old town in central Stockholm, Sweden, leading from the square Riddarhustorgeton Stadsholmento the smaller neighbouring island Riddarholmen.
When the first bridge to connect Riddarholmen to Stadsholmen, a simple wooden bridge leading from
Gråmunketornet("The Greyfriars Tower"), was built, Riddarholmen was still called "Gråmunkeholmen" ("The Greyfriars islet"), both names referring to the franciscan abbeyon the island, and the bridge was accordingly called Munkbron("The Friars Bridge"). Once the name of islet had been changed, Munkbron was instead referring to the quaythen facing Riddarholmen.
In 1630 the Councillor Åke Tott (1598-1640) was granted permission to build a
drawbridgeover to his estate on Riddarholmen from the north-western corner of the House of Knights, a construction that would survive himself with only 15 years.
Following the fire of the Royal Palace in 1697, the members of the Royal Family were accommodated in the
Wrangel Palaceon Riddarholmen, which therefore needed some face-lifting. Both bridges leading to the island were subsequently widened, the southernmost in 1738 and the northern in 1751.
These wooden bridges were both replaced by a more impressive stone
arch bridgedesigned by the architect Erik Palmstedtin 1784 and given his name ("Palmstedtska bron") upon its inauguration in 1789. The bridge was furnished with a memorial slate carrying an inscription in Latin:: "When Gustav III, the best among kings, in good health returned from Italy to the fatherland, this bridge in stone was built as a memorial over Sweden's restored felicity and general delight by the burghers of Stockholm on August 3 1784."The stone bridge was, however, demolished in 1867 to give room to the junction track of the new rail road, but in 1958 intentions was to reuse the slate on the present bridge, plans accomplished 22 years later. The architect Ragnar Östberg(1866-1945) found use for the bridge's vault for what is today called "Palmstedts grotta" ("Cave of Palmstedt") in the gardens of the Stockholm City Hall.
Cast iron bridge
Due to the clear height demanded by the locomotives, the four spans of the new
cast ironbridge built in 1867 had to be made both steeper and longer than those of its predecessors.
The increasing post-war traffic in Stockholm coupled with the introduction of the metro system in the 1950s, resulted the demolition of the cast iron bridge followed by six years of provisional bridges succeeding each other. In 1958 the present 13,4 metres wide
closed frame concretebridge crossing Centralbron, one of the major motorways in Stockholm, over two intermediate supports was finally built.
* cite book
last = Arne | first = Dufwa
title = Stockholms tekniska historia: Trafik, broar, tunnelbanor, gator
year = 1985
publisher = Stockholms gatukontor and Kommittén för Stockholmsforskning
location = Uppsala | id = ISBN 91-37-08725-1
pages = 188| chapter = Broar och viadukter: Riddarholmsbron
* cite book
title = Stockholms gatunamn
edition = 2nd ed. | year = 1992
publisher = Kommittén för Stockholmsforskning
location = Stockholm | id = ISBN 91-7031-042-4
pages = 66 | chapter = Innerstaden
List of bridges in Stockholm
* [http://www.stockholmskallan.se/index.php?sokning=1&action=sok&fritext=Riddarholmsbron Stockholmskällan] - historical images of Riddarholmsbron.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Centralbron — [ Riddarholmsbron.] Centralbron (Swedish: The Central Bridge ) is one of the major traffic routes in central Stockholm, Sweden, connecting the northern district Norrmalm to the southern Södermalm.It is 1,200 metres long and consists of two… … Wikipedia
Riddarholmen — (Swedish: The Knights Islet ) is a small islet in central Stockholm, Sweden. The island forms part of Gamla Stan, the old town, and houses a number of private palaces dating from the 17th century. The main landmark is the church Riddarholmskyrkan … Wikipedia
Hebbes Bro — (Swedish: Bridge of Hebbe ) is a pedestrian bridge in Gamla stan, the old town of Stockholm, Sweden, connecting the two islands Riddarholmen and Stadsholmen.The bridge was given the name in 1924 after the building next to it owned by Simon Hebbe… … Wikipedia
Riddarhustorget — (Swedish: Square of the House of Knights ) is, arguably, a public square in Gamla stan, the old town in central Stockholm, Sweden, named after its location in front of House of Knights ( Riddarhuset ).The present square, largely occupied by the… … Wikipedia
Munkbron — Façade at Munkbron in February 2007. Nort … Wikipedia