3rd Division (Imperial Japanese Army)


3rd Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 3rd Infantry Division


caption=
dates= 1888 - 1945
country=Empire of Japan
allegiance=
branch=Imperial Japanese Army
type=Infantry
role=
size=
command_structure=
garrison=Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
current_commander=
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
notable_commanders=Taro Katsura
Yoshimichi Hasegawa
Yusaku Uehara
Nobuyoshi Muto
identification_symbol=
identification_symbol_2=
nickname="Lucky Division"
patron=
motto=
colors=
colors_label=
march=
mascot=
battles=First Sino-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
Siberian Intervention
Shandong Incident
anniversaries=
decorations=
battle_honours=
The nihongo|3rd Infantry Division|歩兵第三師団|Hohei daisan shidan was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the nihongo|Lucky Division|幸兵団|Kō-heidan.

History

The 3rd Infantry Division was formed in Nagoya in January 1871 as the nihongo|Nagoya Garrison|名古屋鎮台| Nagoya chindai, one of six regional commands created in the fledgling Imperial Japanese Army. The Nagoya Garrison had responsibility for central region of Japan (Chūbu district), ranging from Aichi Prefecture to Ishikawa Prefecture. The six regional commands were transformed into divisions under the army reorganization of 14 May 1888, based on recommendations by the Prussian military advisor Jakob Meckel to the Japanese government.

As one of the oldest Divisions in the Imperial Japanese Army, the 3rd Infantry Division participated in combat operations during the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, the Siberian Intervention, and the Shandong Incident.

Some of its more noteworthy commanders included Katsura Taro, Hasegawa Yoshimichi, Uehara Yusaku and Nobuyoshi Muto.

During the early stages of the Second Sino-Japanese War the 3rd Infantry Division participated in the Battles of Shanghai and Xuzhou and was subsequently was one of the divisions assigned to the China Expeditionary Army (CGA) headquartered in Nanjing. The "3rd Infantry Division" also served in nearly every theatre in central China. During the "Zhejiang-Jiangxi" campaign it was converted into a triangular division. It later served, for a time as a headquarters and garrison division for strategic Zhejiang Province.

Battles and Campaigns fought in China (1937-1945)

*"Battle of Shanghai"
*"Battle of Xuzhou"
*"Battle of Suixian-Zaoyang"
*"Battle of Changsha (1939)"
*"1939-40 Winter Offensive"
*"Battle of Zaoyang-Yichang"
*"Central Hopei Operation"
*"Battle of South Henan"
*"2nd Battle of Changsha"
*"3rd Battle of Changsha"
*"Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign"
*"Battle of West Hubei"
*"Battle of Changde"
*"Battle of Changsha (1944)"
*"Battle of Guilin-Liuzhou"
*"Battle of West Henan-North Hubei"

At the end of World War II, with the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Army, the 3rd Infantry Division was formally disbanded in Zhejiang.

Organization

The originally the 3rd Division was organizated as a square division: 3rd Division
* 5th Infantry Brigade
** 6th Infantry Regiment
** 68th Infantry Regiment
* 29th Infantry Brigade
** 18th Infantry Regiment
** 34th Infantry Regiment
* 3rd Field Artillery Regiment
* 3rd Cavalry Regiment
* 3rd Engineer Regiment
* 3rd Transport Regiment On July 4, 1942 the order of battle for 3rd Division was reorganized as a triangular division in China.

3rd Division
* 3rd Infantry Brigade Group
** 6th Infantry Regiment
** 34th Infantry Regiment
** 68th Infantry Regiment
* 3rd Cavalry Regiment
* 3rd Field Artillery Regiment
* 3rd Construction Regiment
* 3rd Transport Regiment

ee also

* List of Japanese Infantry Divisions

Reference and further reading

* Madej, W. Victor. "Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945" [2 vols] Allentown, PA: 1981


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