- 8th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 8th Infantry Division
dates= 1898- 1945
Empire of Japan
Imperial Japanese Army
Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan
Tatsumi Naofumi Jinzaburō Mazaki Toshinari Maeda
Russo-Japanese War Manchurian Incident Pacific War
nihongo|IJA Eighth Division|歩兵第8師団|Hohei Dai-hachi Shidan was an
infantry divisionin the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call-signwas the nihongo|Cedar Division|杉兵団|Sugi-heidan.
The 8th Infantry Division was formed on
1 October 1898, as one of the six new reserve divisions created after the First Sino-Japanese War. It consisted of troops from the Tōhokuregion of Japan, primarily Aomori Prefecture, Akita Prefectureand Yamagata Prefecture. Its first commander was General Tatsumi Naofumi, formerly commander of the SendaiGarrison.
The 8th Infantry Division became infamous in history over a winter training accident in the
Hakkōda Mountainsin January 1902, where 199 of 210 members of the 5th Infantry Regiment froze to death. The story was immortalized in a novel by the famous author Jirō Nitta.
Russo-Japanese War, the 8th Infantry Division distinguished itself at the Battle of Sandepuand the subsequent Battle of Mukden. From 1910, it was assigned to garrison duties in Korea, and it also participated in the Siberian Intervention.
Manchurian Incidentof 1931, the 8th Infantry Division sent its 4th Brigade to participate in the Invasion of Manchuriawith the main body joining it in 1932 when it was stationed in Manchuriaunder the control of the Kwangtung Army. There it participated in the pacification of the newly formed Manchukuo. Its 32nd Infantry Regiment was transferred to the newly formed 24th Division in 1937.
In September 1944, the 8th Infantry Division was re-assigned to the
Philippinesunder the command of General Yamashita Tomoyuki's 14th Area Army, where it was divided between Luzonand Leyteislands. Following the Battle of Leyteand the Battle of Manilaby joint Filipino and American troops, the 8th Infantry Division was almost completely annihilated and ceased to exist as an operational unit.
Noteworthy commanders in the history of the 8th Division included
Tatsumi Naofumi, Jinzaburō Mazaki, and Toshinari Maeda.
The 8th Division was first raised as a
square Divisionin 1895.
* 4th Infantry Brigade
** 5th Infantry Regiment
** 31st Infantry Regiment
* 16th Infantry Brigade
** 17th Infantry Regiment
** 32nd Infantry Regiment
* 8th Mountain Artillery Regiment
* 8th Cavalry Regiment
* 8th Engineer Regiment
* 8th Transport Regiment
Later in 1937 this division was reorganized as a
* 5th Infantry Regiment (Aomori)
* 17th Infantry Regiment (Akita)
* 31st Infantry Regiment (Hirosaki)
* 8th Artillery Regiment
* 8th Recon Regiment
* 8th Engineer Regiment
* 8th Transport Regiment
List of Japanese Infantry Divisions
* Madej, W. Victor. "Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945" [2 vols] . Allentown, PA: 1981
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