Polyphony (literature)

Polyphony (literature)

In literature, polyphony ( _ru. полифония) is a feature of narrative, which includes a diversity of points of view and voices. The concept was invented by Mikhail Bakhtin, based on the musical concept polyphony.

One of the most known examples of polyphony is Dostoevsky's prose. Bakhtin has characterized Dostoevsky's work as polyphonic: unlike other novelists, he does not appear to aim for a 'single vision', and beyond simply describing situations from various angles. Dostoevsky engendered fully dramatic novels of ideas where conflicting views and characters are left to develop unevenly into unbearable crescendo "(The Brothers Karamazov)". Through his descriptions the narrator's voice merges imperceptibly into the tone of the people he is describing.

Modernism and contemporary examples

*James Joyce — "Ulysses";
*Melvin Burgess — "Junk", "Doing It";
*Alexander Prokhanov — "600 Years after the Battle";
*Malorie Blackman — "Noughts & Crosses".

ee also

* Ensemble cast


*Mikhail Bakhtin — ""

External links

*R. Wellek [http://www.utoronto.ca/tsq/DS/01/031.shtml Bakhtin’s view of Dostoevsky: "polyphony" and "carnivalesque"]
*R. Clark "Literary Encyclopedia" [http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=876 Polyphonic novel] (membership needed to read the full version)

*В. Руднев [http://www.philosophy.ru/edu/ref/rudnev/b215.htm Полифонический роман]
*М. Долидзе [http://anthropology.ru/ru/texts/dolidze/mannt_09.html Квантовая феноменология и полифония словесного творчества]
*И. Евлампиев [http://anthropology.rchgi.spb.ru/dostoev/dostoevsk_i1.htm ДИАЛОГИЗМ ИЛИ ПОЛИФОНИЯ? Одно из противоречий подхода Бахтина к творчеству Достоевского]

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