Ault Report

Ault Report

The "Ault Report", or more formally the "Air-to-Air Missile System Capability Review", was a sweeping study of US Navy air-to-air missile performance during the period of 1965 to 1968, conducted by Navy Captain Frank Ault. The study was initiated at the behest of Admiral Tom Moorer, Chief of Naval Operations, who had taken office in August 1967. He was disturbed by the dismal performance of Navy air-to-air missiles in engagements with North Vietnamese fighter jets. Admiral Moorer tasked the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIRSYSCOM) to conduct "an in-depth examination of the entire process by which Air-to-Air missile systems are acquired and employed" and further directed that Ault be placed in charge of the effort.

"Ault Report" Study Scope

Ault directed a team of five experts who addressed five basic questions to be addressed by the study:

# Is industry delivering to the Navy a high quality product, designed and built to specifications?
# Are Fleet support organizations delivering a high quality product to the CVA’s (aircraft carriers) and to forward sites ashore?
# Do shipboard and squadron organizations (afloat and ashore) launch an optimally ready combat aircraft-missile system?
# Does the combat aircrew fully understand and exploit the capabilities of the aircraft-missile system? (Corollary question: Is the aircraft-missile system properly designed and configured for the air-to-air mission?)
# Is the air-to-air missile system (aircraft/fire control system/missile) repair and rework program returning a quality product to the Fleet?

Creation of the Navy Fighter Weapons School (TOPGUN)

Among the many findings of the Ault report was the need for an "Advanced Fighter Weapons School" to revive the community fighter expertise that had been resident in the Fleet Air Gunnery Units (FAGU) that had been disbanded some time before. Ault had already resonated the idea with the Fleet and suggested that such a school be created under the auspices of Replacement Carrier Air Wing 12 that had organizational responsibility for the Replacement Air Groups (RAG) charged with training aircrews in each of the type/model/series aircraft operated off the aircraft carriers. In the case of the F-4 Phantom, Fighter Squadron 121 was the Phantom RAG. Accordingly, two VF-121 RAG instructors were detailed to begin setting up an advanced syllabus for fighter employment. Therefore, LCdr Dan Pederson and Lt Jim Ruliffson became the first two TOPGUN instructors.

Air Combat Maneuvering Range

One of the critical findings of the Ault Report was that many of the missile failures were due to out of envelope firings due to unfamiliarity of the aircrews with the dynamically changing launch acceptability regions (LAR). Ault proposed to create an instrumented range to help aircrews become familiar with the complexities of firing their air-to-air missiles. This led to development of the Air Combat Maneuvering Range (ACMR) at MCAS Yuma for use by aircraft flying out of NAS Miramar. The Air Force was faced with the same problem and also began development of a similar Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation (ACMI) range at Nellis AFB

Project Red Baron

The Air Force conducted an exhaustive study of air-to-air encounters in Southeast Asia titled "Project Red Baron" and included all service experiences in the scope of effort. The first effort reported out in Dec 1966 as Project Red Baron I (declassified in 2001), Red Baron II reported out in 1973 and Red Baron III in 1974. The impact of Project Red Baron recommendations on the Air Force also resulted in significant improvements in training such as creation of Operation Red Flag at Nellis AFB and establishment of Aggressor Squadrons worldwide to provide Dissimiliar Air Combat Training.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frank Ault — Captain Frank Ault, USN (Ret) (1922 – August 25 2006) was a United States Naval officer. He is best remembered for the classified study he led in 1968 that led to the creation of the Navy Fighter Weapons School, or TOPGUN. Disturbed over less… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor program — This article is about the weapons school known as TOPGUN . For the film, see Top Gun. The patch awarded to NFWS graduates The United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor program (SFTI program), more popularly known as TOPGUN, is the… …   Wikipedia

  • AIM-9 Sidewinder — Infobox Weapon is missile=yes name=AIM 9 Sidewinder caption= origin= United States type=Short range air to air missile used by= manufacturer=Nammo Raytheon Company Ford Aerospace Loral Corp. unit cost=US$85,000 propellant= production… …   Wikipedia

  • Dissimilar air combat training — A TOPGUN A 4 Skyhawk and F 16 Fighting Falcon, two instructor aircraft at TOPGUN Dissimilar air combat training (DACT) was introduced as a formal part of US air combat training after disappointing aerial combat exchange rates in the Vietnam War.… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Navy Fighter Weapons School — TOPGUN is the popular name of the United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor (SFTI) program. SFTI is the modern day evolution of the United States Navy Fighter Weapons School and carries out the same specialized fighter training as NFWS …   Wikipedia

  • USS Iowa turret explosion — USS Iowa s Turret Two explodes Date April 19, 1989 Place Caribbean Sea ne …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Coral Sea — Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Deepwater Horizon oil spill — 2010 oil spill and BP oil spill redirect here. For other oil spills in 2010, see 2010 oil spill (disambiguation). For the 2006 oil spill involving BP, see Prudhoe Bay oil spill. For the drilling rig and explosion, see Deepwater Horizon… …   Wikipedia

  • New Journalism — Journalism News · Writing style Ethics · Objectivity Values · …   Wikipedia

  • Chael Sonnen — Born Chael Patrick Sonnen …   Wikipedia