Horseshoe Falls

Horseshoe Falls

The Horseshoe Falls, also known as the Canadian Falls, is a waterfall on the Niagara River, located mostly on the Canadian side of the border with the United States. It is located between Terrapin Point on Goat Island in New York State, and Table Rock on the Ontario side of the falls.


The name is derived from its curving, horseshoe-shaped crest that is 671 meters (2,200 ft) in width. At the center of the Horseshoe Falls the water is about 3 meters (10 ft) deep. It passes over the crest at a speed of about 32 km/h (20 mph). The falls is 53 meters (173 ft) high, has an average crest elevation of 152 meters (500 ft) and faces northwards. The depth of the river at the base of the falls is actually higher than the falls itself, estimated at 56 metres (184 ft).

The Horseshoe Falls is considered to be the most impressive of the three falls that make up Niagara Falls. Approximately 90% of the water of the Niagara River flows over Horseshoe Falls, while the other 10% flows over the American Falls.

The falls produce a large amount of mist, which occasionally renders viewing them difficult. The amount of natural mist has been reduced since the early 20th century by the diversion of most of the water from the Niagara River for hydroelectricity. The Horseshoe Falls is observable at a direct angle from the Canadian side, and at a steep angle on the U.S. side on Goat Island. The "Maid of the Mist" boat offers tours which approach the base of the falls.

The Niagara Scow has rested approximately 700 metres from the edge of the falls since it was caught against a rock shoal in 1918, and a plaque today informs tourists of the history of the small shipwreck that has sat perched just above the falls for nearly a century without being dislodged.

In October 2007, the Horseshoe Falls, lying almost fully within Canadian territory, were featured in a Disney produced video titled "Welcome: Portraits of America", made for the United States Department of State and Department of Homeland Security to promote United States tourism. [ [ Associated Press; "Toronto Star": U.S. annexes Canadian landmark in tourism video; October 28, 2007] ] There was a controversy surrounding the film because instead of showing just the American falls and Bridal Veil Falls, they instead focused on Canada's Horseshoe Falls.

ee also

* Niagara Falls
* Niagara Parks Commission


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Horseshoe Falls —   [ hɔːsʃuː fɔːlz; englisch »Hufeisenfälle«], der kanadische Teil der Niagarafälle …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Horseshoe Falls — noun a part of Niagara Falls in Ontario • Syn: ↑Canadian Falls • Instance Hypernyms: ↑waterfall, ↑falls • Part Holonyms: ↑Niagara, ↑Niagara Falls, ↑Ontario …   Useful english dictionary

  • Horseshoe Falls — ▪ waterfall, Canada       Canadian section of Niagara Falls (q.v.) on the Niagara River. It is separated from the American Falls by Goat Island and derives its name from its curving 3,000 foot (900 metre) crest. * * * …   Universalium

  • Horseshoe Falls — /hɔsʃu ˈfɔlz / (say hawsshooh fawlz) plural noun a waterfall in central eastern NSW, near Blackheath. 300 m …   Australian English dictionary

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  • Falls Incline Railway — The Falls Incline Railway, originally known as the Horseshoe Falls Incline, is a funicular railway in the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. It is located beside the world famous Niagara Falls, at the Horseshoe Falls. The line was built, in… …   Wikipedia

  • falls — noun 1. the petals or sepals of a flower that bend downward (especially the outer perianth of an iris) • Hypernyms: ↑perianth, ↑chlamys, ↑floral envelope, ↑perigone, ↑perigonium 2. a steep descent of the water of a river • Syn: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Horseshoe Bay, Texas — Infobox Settlement official name = Horseshoe Bay, Texas settlement type = City nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of Horseshoe Bay, Texas mapsize1 = 250px map caption1 = subdivision type =… …   Wikipedia

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