Imola


Imola

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = imola-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Imola
region = Emilia-Romagna
province = Bologna (BO)
elevation_m = 47
area_total_km2 = 204.96
population_as_of = December 31, 2007
population_total = 67301
population_density_km2 = 328.36
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|44|21|N|11|43|E
frazioni = see list
telephone = 0542
postalcode = 40026
gentilic = Imolesi
saint = St. Cassian
day = August 13
mayor = Daniele Manca
website = [http://www.comune.imola.bo.it/ www.comune.imola.bo.it]

Imola ("Iômla" in the local dialect) is a town, comune in the province of Bologna, located on the Santerno river, in the Emilia-Romagna region of north-central Italy. The town is traditionally considered the western entrance to the historical region Romagna.

Presently it is most noted as the home of the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari and the Formula One San Marino Grand Prix. The race, named for the nearby independent republic of San Marino, which is too small to host a grand prix, is generally referred to by the name "Imola". It was at this race, in 1994, that one of the greatest Formula One drivers, Ayrton Senna, was killed when he crashed heavily at the Tamburello corner. Senna's death largely overshadowed the death of another driver, Roland Ratzenberger, at the same event.

History

The city was anciently called "Forum Cornelii", after the Roman dictator L. Cornelius Sulla, who founded it about 82 BCE. The town was an agricultural and trade center, famous for its ceramics.

The name Imola was first used in the seventh century by the Lombards, who applied it to the fortress (the present Castellaccio, the construction of which is attributed to the Lombard Clefi), whence the name passed to the city itself. According to Paul the Deacon, Imola was in 412 the scene of the marriage of Ataulf, King of the Visigoths, to Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius the Great. In the Gothic War (535–552), and after the Lombards invasion, it was held alternately by the Byzantines and barbarians.

With the exarchate of Ravenna it passed under papal authority. In the ninth century it was bravely defended against the Saracens and Hungarians by Fausto Alidosi. In the tenth century Troilo Nordiglio acquired great power. This and the following centuries witnessed incessant wars against the Ravennatese, the Faentines and the Bolognese, as well as the internecine struggles of the Castrimolesi (from "Castro Imolese", 'castle of Imola') and the "Sancassianesi" (from San Cassiano). Amid these conflicts was formed the republican constitution of the city. In the contest between pope and emperor, Imola was generally Ghibelline, though it often returned to the popes (e.g. in 1248). Several times, powerful lords attempted to obtain the mastery of the city (Alidosi, 1292; Maghinardo Pagano, 1295). Pope Benedict XII turned the city and its territory over to Lippo II Alidosi with the title of pontifical vicar, the power remaining in the family Alidosi until 1424, when the condottiero Angelo della Pergola, "capitano" for Filippo Maria Visconti, gained the supremacy (see also Wars in Lombardy). In 1426 the city was restored to the Holy See, and the legate (later Cardinal) Capranica inaugurated a new regime in public affairs.

It was later ruled by various condottieri, such as the Visconti, from which era several landmark fortresses remain. In 1434, 1438 and 1470 Imola was conferred on the Sforza, who had become lords of Milan. It was again brought under papal authority when it was bestowed as dowry on Catherine Sforza, the bride of Girolamo Riario, nephew of Pope Sixtus IV. Riario was invested with the Principality of Forlì and Imola. This proved advantageous to Imola, which was embellished with beautiful palaces and works of art (e.g. in the cathedral, the tomb of Girolamo, murdered in 1488 by conspirators of Forli). The rule of the Riarii, however, was brief, as Pope Alexander VI deprived Ottaviano, son of Girolamo, of power, and on 25 November, 1499, the city surrendered to Caesar Borgia. On his death two factions, that of Galeazzo Riario and that of the Church, contested the rule of the city. The ecclesiastical party was victorious, and in 1504 Imola submitted to Pope Julius II. The last trace of these contests was a bitter enmity between the Vaini and Dassatelli families.

In 1797 the revolutionary French forces established a provisional government at Imola; in 1799 it was occupied by the Austrians; in 1800 it was united to the Cisalpine Republic. After that it shared the fortunes of the Romagna region.

Main sights

*"Rocca Sforzesca "(Sforza Castle), built under the reign of Girolamo Riario and Caterina Sforza.
*"Palazzo Tozzoni" (Tozzoni's Mansion), built between 1726 and 1738 by the architect Domenico Trifogli, civic art museum since 1981.

Noteworthy are also the Farsetti and the Communal palaces. In the latter is a fresco representing Clement VII and Charles V (1535) passing through the city. The public library was established in 1747 by the Conventual Padre Setti. In the 16th century, the Accademia degli Industriosi flourished.

Famous Imolans

*Pope Honorius II
*Benvenuto Rambaldi da Imola, a lecturer on Dante at the University of Bologna in the 14th century
*Taddeo della Volpe, a mercenary captain in the service of the popes and Venice (in 1510 Venice presented him with a staff bearing the image of a fox and his device: SIMUL ASTU ET DENTIBVS UTAR)
*Giovanni Sassatelli, nicknamed "Cagnaccio" ('bad dog'), also a captain
*Ottaviano Vestri and his son Marcello Vestri, famous jurists of the 16th and 17th centuries
*Innocenzo da Imola
*Vincenzo Dal Prato, castrato for whom the role of "Idamante" was written by Mozart
*Andrea and Giuseppe Bagnari, noted for their skill in inlay work
*Cosimo Morelli, the architect who designed the sacristy of St. Peter's, Rome
*Innocenzo di Pietro Francucci da Imola, painter, a pupil of Francia and Gaspare Sacchi, distinguished painters, nicknamed after his birthplace
*Saint Hippolytus of Rome, author
*According to tradition, Saint Cassian of Imola was a teacher and martyr there during the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate in the 4th century.
*Saint Peter Chrysologus, who was a deacon there
*Andrea Costa, politician, considered to be among the founders of the Socialism in Italy
*Fausto Gresini, who runs a successful MotoGP team
*Stefano Domenicali, General Manager of Ferrari Formula One Racing Team

Medals and Awards

*In the June 12 1984 Imola was awarded of the "Medaglia d'Oro al Valor Militare" (Gold Purple Heart) for the role of the city in the Italian resistance movement
*In the June 2 1971 the city was awarded of the "Medaglia d'oro ai benemeriti della scuola della cultura e dell'arte" (Gold Merit Badge of the Art and Culture School).

Twinnings

*flagicon|Croatia Pula, Croatia
*flagicon|United Kingdom Colchester, United Kingdom
*flagicon|France Gennevilliers, France
*flagicon|Germany Weinheim, Germany

ee also

*Bishopric of Imola

ources

(incomplete)
*Catholic



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Imola — • Diocese; suffragan of Bologna Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Imola     Imola     † Catho …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Imola — Imola …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Imola — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • IMOLA — IMOLA, town near Bologna, central Italy. Little reliance can be placed on the report that Jews settled in Imola in 640 but were expelled in 976. Jews are known positively to have lived there only in the 14th century, and around 1495 the Ibn Yaḥya …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Imola — Imola,   Stadt in der Emilia Romagna, Provinz Bologna, Italien, 47 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Santerno und an der Eisenbahnlinie und Autobahn Mailand Ancona, 63 500 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Museen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Imŏla [2] — Imŏla, Innocenz da I., eigentlich Francucci, geb. um 1490, Historienmaler aus Imola, bildete sich unter Francia in Bologna u. wurde einer der besten Schüler Rafaels; er st. 1550 in Bologna; Hauptwerk: S. Michael in der Pinakothek in Bologna …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Imŏla [1] — Imŏla, Kreishauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Bologna, am Santerno und an der Eisenbahn Bologna Ancona und der Dampfstraßenbahn Bologna I. gelegen, mit Mauern umgeben, ist (seit 422) Sitz eines Bischofs, hat einen restaurierten Dom, Reste des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Imŏla [2] — Imŏla, Innocenzo da, eigentlich Francucci, ital. Maler, geb. um 1494 in Imola, gest. um 1550 in Bologna, kam 1508 zu Francia nach Bologna in die Lehre, hielt sich später einige Zeit bei Albertinelli in Florenz auf und ahmte zuletzt Raffael nach.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Imola [2] — Imŏla, Innocenzo da, eigentlich Francucci, ital. Maler, geb. um 1494 in Imola, lebte meist zu Bologna und starb um 1550; als Madonnenmaler Nachahmer Raffaels …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • IMOLA — vulgo quoque Imola, urbs in Aemilia, quae olim Forum Cornelii dicebatur, Sub Pontif. in Romandi0la, ad Vatrenum fluv. Episcopal. sub Archiep. Ravennate. Hanc conditam a Rom. Narses destruxit: reparâunt Lombardi. Post varias vicissitudines, a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • imola — imolá vb., ind. prez. 1 sg. imoléz, 3 sg. şi pl. imoleáză Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  IMOLÁ vb. tr. 1. a jertfi, a sacrifica. 2. a ucide. (< fr. immoler …   Dicționar Român


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.