17th Air Division (United States)


17th Air Division (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 17th Air Division


caption= 17th Air Division emblem
dates= 3 October 19401 September 1941
23 June 194215 November 1943
28 February 19448 October 1948
1 July 195930 June 1971
24 January 19751 January 1976
country= United States
allegiance=
branch= United States Air Force
type=
role=
size=
command_structure=
garrison= see "Stations" section below
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equipment= see "Aircraft / Missiles / Space vehicles" section below
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battles=
anniversaries=
decorations= see "Lineage and honors" section below
battle_honours=
current_commander=
current_commander_label=
ceremonial_chief=
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colonel_of_the_regiment=
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notable_commanders=
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History

Beginning in January 1943, the wing supervised the training of heavy bombardment groups and crews. Initially, it controlled the third phase of training, in which each bombardment group split into tactical components and operated from squadron sized airfields under simulated combat conditions. Later, the 17th supervised the first and second phases of heavy bombardment group and crew training. It also exercised limited supervision over the training of the XXI Bomber Command and XXII Bomber Command during 1944. Later as an Air Division, it gained control of the 340th Bombardment Wing and the 305th Bombardment Wing at Bunker Hill Air Force Base (later, Grissom Air Reserve Base), Indiana, and the 4040th Air Base Squadron at Richard Bong AFB, Wisconsin in 1959. The two bombardment wings flew normal Strategic Air Command (SAC) alert patrols and participated in special exercises as required. However, the division lost its bombardment wings and gained missile wings in 1963 and assumed responsibility for Titan and Minuteman missiles in Missouri, Kansas, and later Arkansas. When joined by the 70th Bombardment Wing on 1 July 1965, with B-52 and KC-135 aircraft, the division reverted to an earlier designation - 17th Strategic Aerospace Division. From 1965–1971, the division's subordinate units frequently deployed bomber and tanker resources. Operation Arc Light in Southeast Asia, consisting of military operations against enemy forces in Vietnam, drew most of the deployments. From 1 July 19751 January 1976, it maintained an effective training program for United States Air Force tactical units in Thailand.

Background of name

Mission

Operations

Lineage and honors

Established as 17 Bombardment Wing on 3 October 1940.Activated on 18 December 1940.Inactivated on 1 September 1941.

Activated on 23 June 1942.Redesignated: 17 Bombardment Training Wing on 5 January 1943; 17 Bombardment Operational Training Wing on 15 April 1943.Inactivated on 15 November 1943.

Redesignated 17 Bombardment Operational Training Wing, Very Heavy on 28 February 1944.Activated on 11 March 1944.Inactivated on 9 April 1946.Disbanded on 8 October 1948.

Reconstituted, and redesignated 17 Air Division, on 1 July 1959.Activated on 15 July 1959.Redesignated: 17 Strategic Aerospace Division on 15 February 1962; 17 Strategic Missile Division on 1 September 1963; 17 Strategic Aerospace Division on 1 July 1965.Inactivated on 30 June 1971.

Redesignated 17 Air Division on 24 January 1975.Activated on 1 July 1975.Inactivated on 1 January 1976.

Service streamers

This unit earned the following organizational service streamers:

World War II: American Theater

Campaign streamers

This unit earned the following organizational campaign streamers:

none

Armed forces expeditionary streamers

none

Decorations

This unit earned the following unit decorations:

none

Awards

Emblem

Per fess arched light blue and checky argent and azure, in middle base a rook, in dexter flank a king and in sinister flank a queen all or, above the rook ascending in pale between in chief two mullets of the last a missile of the second emitting a flame to base gules, all within a diminished border of the fourth. (Approved 28 April 1964)

Assignments

GHQ Air Force, 18 December 1940;Southeast Air District (later, Third Air Force), 16 January 19411 September 1941 (attached to Bomber Command [of Third Air Force] , 23 April 19411 September 1941).

Second Air Force, 23 June 1942;
II Bomber Command, 15 May 1943;Second Air Force, 6 October 194315 November 1943.

Second Air Force, 11 March 1944;
Fifteenth Air Force, 31 March 19469 April 1946.

Second Air Force, 15 July 1959;
Eighth Air Force, 1 July 1963;
Fifteenth Air Force, 31 March 197030 June 1971.

Pacific Air Forces, 1 July 19751 January 1976.

Components

Commands:
* XXI Bomber: attached c.15 April 194420 October 1944.
* XXII Bomber: attached 14 August 194413 February 1945.

Wings:
* 13 Bombardment: attached 17 August 194517 October 1945.
* 20 Bombardment: attached c.15 August 1945–January 1946.
* 22 Pursuit: attached 16 January 1941–c.16 June 1941.
* 41 Bombardment: attached 17 March 19434 July 1943.
* 47 Bombardment: attached c.15 August 1945–January 1946.
* 70 Bombardment: 1 July 196531 December 1969.
* 72 Bombardment Operational Training: attached 20 August 1943–c.6 October 1943.
* 73 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 194417 July 1944.
* 96 Bombardment: attached 16 August 194517 October 1945.
* 305 Bombardment: 15 July 19591 January 1961.
* 308 Strategic Missile: 31 March 197030 June 1971.
* 313 Bombardment: attached 23 April 19445 November 1944.
* 314 Bombardment: attached 23 April 19449 December 1944.
* 315 Bombardment: attached 17 July 1944–June 1945.
* 316 Bombardment: attached 14 August 19447 July 1945.
* 340 Bombardment: 15 July 19591 September 1963.
* 351 Strategic Missile: 1 February 196330 June 1971.
* 381 Strategic Missile: 1 July 196330 June 1971.
* 500 Air Refueling: 1 January 19631 July 1963.
* 4045 Air Refueling: 9 September 19601 January 1963.
* 432l Strategic: 1 October 195915 August 1962.

Groups:
* 2 Bombardment: attached 2 November 194213 March 1943.
* 3 Bombardment: 18 December 19401 September 1941.
* 6 Bombardment: attached 5 May 194418 November 1944.
* 9 Bombardment: attached 5 May 194418 November 1944.
* 16 Bombardment: attached 5 May 1944–June 1945.
* 19 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 19447 December 1944.
* 27 Bombardment: 18 December 19401 September 1941.
* 29 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 19447 December 1944.
* 34 Bombardment: attached 2 November 194214 December 1942.
* 39 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 19448 January 1945.
* 44 Bombardment: attached 24 July 194530 March 1946.
* 45 Bombardment: attached 15 January 194117 June 1941.
* 46 Bombardment: attached 15 January 194119 May 1941.
* 48 Bombardment: attached 15 January 194121 May 1941.
* 56 Pursuit: attached 15 January 194116 May 1941.
* 88 Bombardment: attached c.1 November 1942–November 1943.
* 91 Bombardment: attached c.26 June 194224 August 1942.
* 93 Bombardment: attached 24 July 194530 March 1946.
* 95 Bombardment: attached 2 November 194218 April 1943.
* 96 Bombardment: attached 28 September 194230 October 1942.
* 98 Bombardment: attached c.6 May 194510 November 1945.
* 99 Bombardment: attached 2 November 1942–c.16 November 1942.
* 100 Bombardment: attached 2 November 1942–c.29 November 1942.
* 302 Bombardment: attached 1 September 194230 September 1942.
* 303 Bombardment: attached 1 August 1942–c.23 August 1942.
* 304 Bombardment: attached 2 November 1942–c. December 1942.
* 305 Bombardment: attached 1 August 194231 August 1942.
* 306 Bombardment: attached 1 July 19421 August 1942.
* 307 Bombardment: attached 30 September 194220 October 1942.
* 330 Bombardment: c.15 April 19447 January 1945.
* 331 Bombardment: attached 12 July 1944–July 1945.
* 333 Bombardment: attached 1 September 19421 November 1942; 7 July 1944–August 1945.
* 346 Bombardment: attached 18 August 1944–September 1945.
* 351 Bombardment: attached November 1942–December 1942.
* 376 Bombardment: attached 8 May 194510 November 1945.
* 379 Bombardment: attached 3 November 1942–c.18 November 1942.
* 381 Bombardment: attached c.1 December 1942–c.2 January 1943.
* 382 Bombardment: attached 25 August 1944–September 1945.
* 383 Bombardment: attached 12 November 1942–c.25 October 1943; 28 August 1944–September 1945.
* 385 Bombardment: attached 1 February 1943–June 1943.
* 390 Bombardment: attached 26 January 19434 July 1943.
* 393 Bombardment: attached 16 February 1943–c.2 March 1943.
* 395 Bombardment: attached 16 February 1943–c.24 October 1943.
* 396 Bombardment: attached 10 April 1943–c.4 November 1943.
* 398 Bombardment: attached 1 March 1943–c.4 April 1943; 29 April 1943–November 1943.
* 401 Bombardment: attached 1 April 19431 October 1943.
* 447 Bombardment: attached 1 May 1943–November 1943.
* 448 Bombardment: attached 11 September 1943–November 1943; 25 July 1945–c.30 March 1946.
* 449 Bombardment: attached 24 July 1945–c.30 March 1946.
* 450 Bombardment: attached c.26 July 194515 October 1945.
* 452 Bombardment: attached 1 June 1943–November 1943.
* 456 Bombardment: attached 17 August 194517 October 1945.
* 457 Bombardment: attached 1 July 1943–November 1943.
* 458 Bombardment: 25 July 1945–c.20 August 1945.
* 463 Bombardment: attached 1 August 1943–c.4 November 1943.
* 466 Bombardment: attached 25 July 1945–c.14 August 1945.
* 467 Bombardment: attached 25 July 1945–c.30 March 1946.
* 483 Bombardment: attached 20 September 1943–c.5 November 1943.
* 484 Bombardment: attached 20 September 1943–November 1943.
* 485 Bombardment: attached 24 July 194530 March 1946.
* 488 Bombardment: attached 1 October 1943–c.31 October 1943.
* 489 Bombardment: attached c.28 February 1945–c.2 April 1945; c.10 July 1945–September 1945.
* 497 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 194418 July 1944.
* 498 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 194413 July 1944.
* 499 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 194422 July 1944.
* 500 Bombardment: attached 16 April 194423 July 1944.
* 501 Bombardment: attached 1 June 1944–June 1945.
* 502 Bombardment: attached 5 June 1944–July 1945.
* 504 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 19445 November 1944.
* 505 Bombardment: attached c.15 April 19446 November 1944.

Squadron:
* 11 Air Refueling: 2 July 196931 March 1970.

Stations

Savannah Air Base (later, Army Air Base), Georgia, 18 December 19401 September 1941.

Rapid City Army Air Base (later, Ellsworth Air Force Base), South Dakota, 23 June 1942;Walla Walla Army Airfield (later, Walla Walla Regional Airport), Washington, 24 June 194315 November 1943.

Smoky Hill Army Airfield (later, Salina Municipal Airport), Kansas, 11 March 1944;Colorado Springs, Colorado, 15 April 1944;Grand Island Army Airfield, Nebraska, 22 May 1944;Sioux City Army Air Base, Iowa, 9 February 1945;Tarrant Field, Texas, 24 December 19459 April 1946.

Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, 15 July 195930 June 1971.
U-Tapao International Airport, Thailand, 1 July 19751 January 1976.

Aircraft / Missiles / Space vehicles

A-18 Shrike, 1940–1941;
A-20 Havoc, 1940–1941;
A-24 Banshee, 1940–1941;
Martin B-12, 1940–1941;
B-18 Bolo, 1940–1941;
P-36 Hawk, 1941;
P-39 Airacobra, 1941;
Curtiss P-40, 1941;
PT-17 Kaydet, 1941.

B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942–1943;
B-24 Liberator, 1942–1943.

B-29 Superfortress, 1945–1946.

B-47 Stratojet, 1959–1963;
KC-97 Stratotanker, 1959–1963;
KC-135 Stratotanker, 1959–1962, 1965–1970;
Atlas (SM-65), 1960–1962;
Titan II (LGM-25II), 1963–1971;
Minuteman I (LGM-30A/B), 1964–1967;
B-52 Stratofortress, 1965–1969;
Minuteman II (LGM-30F), 1966–1971.

A-7 Corsair II, 1975;
AC-130 gunship, 1975;
CH-53 Sea Stallion, 1975;
CH/HH-53 Super Jolly Green Giant, 1975;
F-4 Phantom II, 1975;
OV-10 Bronco, 1975;
T-39 Sabreliner, 1975.

Commanders

Major General Lewis H. Brereton, 18 December 194028 July 1941;Unknown, 29 July 19416 August 1941;Colonel Asa N. Duncan, 7 August 1941–c.1 September 1941.

Brigadier General Walter R. Peck, 23 June 1942;Colonel Allen W. Reed, 14 September 1943;Major Floyd S. Cofer Jr., 6 November 194315 November 1943.

None (not manned), 11 March 194411 April 1944;Brigadier General Frank A. Armstrong Jr., 12 April 1944;Brigadier General Robert F. Travis, 7 November 1944;Colonel Kermit D. Stevens, by 28 August 1945;Brigadier General Robert F. Travis, c.5 September 1945;Brigadier General Hugo P. Rush, 7 September 1945;Brigadier General Robert F. Travis, 5 November 1945–1946.

None (not manned), 15 July 195922 July 1959;Brigadier General Harold E. Humfeld, 23 July 1959;Brigadier General Robert H. Strauss, 1 April 1960;Major General Joseph J. Preston, 1 August 1963;Brigadier General Richard N. Ellis, c.8 September 1964;Major General William E. Creer, 1 July 1966;Brigadier General James M. Keck, 7 July 1967;Colonel Robert J. Ray, 18 August 1968;Brigadier General Robert R. Scott, 20 August 1969;Colonel George R. Brendle, 14 June 197130 June 1971 (acting).

Brigadier General Walter H. Baxter III, 1 July 19751 January 1976.

ee also

* Second Air Force
* Eighth Air Force

References

External links

* [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/rso/airdivision_pages/0017ad.asp Air Force Historical Research Agency:17th Air Division]


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