- Salchow jump
The salchow is a
figure skating jumpwith a takeoff from a back inside edge and landing on the back outside edge of the opposite foot after one or more rotations in the air.cite book |last=Yamaguchi |first=Kristi |authorlink=Kristi Yamaguchi |coauthors= Christy Ness, Jody Meacham |title=Figure Skating for Dummies |year=1997 |publisher=Hungry Minds |location= |isbn=0764550845 ] It was invented by the Swedish skater Ulrich Salchowin 1909.
The salchow is normally approached from a forward outside
3 turn, on the left foot for a counterclockwise jump. On the left back inside edge after the turn, the skater checks the rotation momentarily with the right foot extended behind, then initiates the jump by swinging the right leg forward and around with a wide scooping motion. The rotational momentum for the jump is gained by the swinging movement of the free leg and the coordination of the free leg and arms at the point of takeoff.
The salchow can alternately be entered from an inside
mohawk turnor from back crossovers. As an edge jump, it is usually performed on a circular pattern instead of from a straight-line approach.
The mechanics of a single salchow are quite similar to those of the
waltz jump, the half-rotation jump from a forward outside edge. The salchow is therefore usually the first full-rotation jump taught to beginning figure skaters. It teaches the skater to check his or her turn and how to jump off the edge rather than the toe pick.
An alternate technique used by many skaters on the takeoff for multi-rotation (especially triple and quadruple) salchow jumps is to allow the free foot (the right foot for a counterclockwise jumper) to rest on the ice while bringing it around to the front, instead of using the scooping motion. Sometimes this is merely the result of a deep knee bend on the takeoff leg. While salchows performed with this technique have been ratified by the
International Skating Unionin recent years, some skating purists object to it because in some cases it is clear that the skater is gaining material assist into the jump from pushing off the supposed "free foot", instead of merely skimming it over the ice. For example, Sonia Bianchetti, former chair of the ISU Technical Committee, has referred to the two-footed salchow entry as "a severe error for which a steep deduction had to be applied by the judges".Fact|date=February 2008 The two-footed salchow entry is also confusing to spectators because the resulting jump can more strongly resemble a loop jumpor toe loop jumpthan a traditional salchow.
A variant of the salchow that is rarely performed today is the "one-foot salchow", which lands on the same back inside edge used for the jump takeoff, much like a half loop or one-foot axel. The one-foot salchow can be used in a jump combination followed by a regular salchow jump. For example, in the 1970's, Canadian skater
Toller Cranstonsometimes performed a jump combination consisting of a one-foot axel, one-foot double salchow, and regular double salchow.
Ulrich Salchowinvented the jump that bears his name in 1909. Theresa Weldwas the first female skater to perform it, at the 1920 Summer Olympics; she was reprimanded for attempting anything so "unladylike", but that did not stop other female skaters from performing jumps.
Double salchows were first performed by
Gillis Grafströmfor men in the 1920's, and Cecilia Colledgefor women in the late 1930's.
The first triple salchow was landed by
Ronnie Robertsonat the 1955 World Figure Skating Championships. The first by a woman was by Petra Burkaat the 1962 Canadian Championships; the latter was also the first triple jump of any kind landed by a woman. Timothy Goebelis recognized to have landed the first quadruple salchow at the 1998 Junior Series Final. Goebel's jump, however, used the aforementioned controversial two-footed salchow technique. The first successful quadruple salchow in competition with an indisputably clean takeoff was probablyFact|date=April 2007 that by Li Chengjiangat the 2001 ISU Four Continents Championships. The first (and, so far, only) female skater to have landed a quadruple salchow in competition was Miki Andoat the 2002 Junior Grand Prix Final.
The first throw quadruple salchow pair element was performed on November 17, 2007 by
Tiffany Viseand Derek Trentof the United States at the 2007 Trophée Eric Bompardcompetition. [ [http://www.isu.org/vsite/vcontent/content/transnews/0,10869,4844-128610-19728-18886-280290-3572-4771-layout160-129918-news-item,00.html ISU : Full Story ] ] [PDFlink| [http://isu.sportcentric.net/db//files/serve.php?id750 International Skating Union Media Advisory] ]
Ulrich Salchow's surname was reportedly pronounced "sal-kov", but the name of the jump is invariably pronounced as either "sal-kow" (in North America) or "sal-koh" (in Europe).
Skaters sometimes abbreviate the name of the salchow to either "sal" or "sow".
*Sonia Bianchetti Garbato: "Cracked Ice". ISBN 88-86753-72-1.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Salchow, Ulrich — ▪ Swedish athlete in full Karl Emil Julius Ulrich Salchow born August 7, 1877 died April 19, 1949, Stockholm, Sweden Swedish figure skater (figure skating) who established a record by winning 10 world championships for men (1901–05,… … Universalium
salchow — noun Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Ulrich Salchow died 1949 Swedish figure skater Date: 1921 a figure skating jump with a takeoff from the back inside edge of one skate followed by one or more full turns in the air and a landing on the back … New Collegiate Dictionary
Salchow — /sal kow/, n. Ice Skating. a jump in which the skater leaps from the back inside edge of one skate, making one full rotation of the body in the air, and lands on the back outside edge of the other skate. [1920 25; after Ulrich Salchow (1877 1949) … Universalium
salchow — [ salkəʊ] noun a jump in figure skating from the backward inside edge of one skate to the backward outside edge of the other, with one or more full turns in the air. Origin 1920s: named after the Swedish skater Ulrich Salchow … English new terms dictionary
Salchow — Sal•chow [[t]ˈsæl kaʊ[/t]] n. spo a figure skating jump in which the skater leaps from the back inside edge of one skate to make one full rotation in the air and lands on the back outside edge of the other skate • Etymology: 1920–25; after Ulrich … From formal English to slang
salchow — ˈsalˌkȯv noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: after Ulrich Salchow, 20th century Swedish skating champion : a figure skating jump with a takeoff from the back inside edge of one skate followed by a full turn in the air and a landing… … Useful english dictionary
salchow — noun /ˈsalkɒv,ˈsalkəʊ/ A figure skating jump with a takeoff from a back inside edge and landing on the back outside edge of the opposite foot after one or more rotations in the air … Wiktionary
Ulrich Salchow — Karl Emil Julius Ulrich Salchow (August 7, 1877 ndash; April 19, 1949) was a Swedish figure skater, who dominated the sport in the first decade of the 20th century. Salchow won the World Figure Skating Championships no fewer than ten times, from… … Wikipedia
Loop jump — The Loop is a figure skating jump that takes off from a back outside edge and lands on the same edge. For a jump with counterclockwise rotation, this is the right back outside edge. It is named from its similarity to the loop compulsory figure.… … Wikipedia
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