Yang Chengfu


Yang Chengfu

Yang Chengfu (Hanyu Pinyin), or Yang Ch'eng-fu (Wade-Giles) ( 楊澄甫, 1883-1936) is historically considered the best known teacher of the soft style martial art of Tai Chi Chuan (Taijiquan).

His direct descendants, the many students he taught and their students have spread the art around the world. He was born into the famous Yang Taijiquan family, the son of Yang Chien-hou and grandson of Yang Lu-chan. With his older brother Yang Shao-hou (楊少侯) and colleagues Wu Jianquan (吳鑑泉) and Sun Lutang (孫錄堂), he was among the first teachers to offer Tai Chi Chuan instruction to the general public at the Beijing Physical Culture Research Institute from 1914 until 1928. He moved to Shanghai in 1928. He is known for having "smoothed" out the somewhat more vigorous training routine he learned from his family as well as emphasising a "large frame" or "Da Jia 大架" with expansive movements in stepping and using large circular motions with the arms. His smooth, evenly-paced large frame form and its hundreds of offshoots has been the standard for Yang style Tai Chi Chuan (and overwhelmingly in the public imagination for Tai Chi Chuan in general) ever since.

Tung Ying-chieh (Dong Yingjie, 董英杰, 1898-1961), Ch'en Wei-ming (Chen Weiming), Fu Zhongwen (Fu Chung-wen, 1903-1994), Li Yaxuan (李雅轩, 1894-1976) and Cheng Man-ch'ing were famous students of Yang Ch'eng-fu. Each of them taught extensively, founding groups teaching Tai Chi to this day. Cheng Man-ch'ing, perhaps the most famous outside of China, significantly shortened and simplified the traditional forms Yang taught him after his teacher's passing, reportedly to make them more accessible to larger numbers of students. Although Cheng's modifications are considered controversial by most other schools and are not recognized by the Yang family, Cheng Man-ch'ing is known as the first to teach Tai Chi Chüan in the West.

His sons have continued to teach their father's Taijiquan, including his first son, the late Yang Zhenming (1910-1985) (a.k.a. Yang Shaozhong, Yang Shao-Chung, Yeung Shao-Chung; 楊守中), who brought Yang style Tai Chi Chuan to Hong Kong, his second son Yang Zhenji (born 1921, current head of the family), and his third son, Yang Zhenduo (楊振鐸, born 1926), living in Shanxi Province, who is widely considered the most prominent of the Yang family Tai Chi Chuan instructors living today.

He was the official author of "Essence and Applications of Taijiquan" (Taijiquan Tiyong Quanshu), published in 1934.

Family tree

This family tree is not comprehensive.

LEGENDARY FIGURES
Zhang Sanfeng* circa 12th century NEI CHIA
Wang Zongyue* TAI CHI CHÜAN
THE 5 MAJOR CLASSICAL FAMILY STYLES
Chen Wangting 1600-1680 9th generation Chen CHEN STYLE
+-------------------------------------------------------------------+

Chen Changxing Chen Youben 1771-1853 14th generation Chen circa 1800s 14th generation Chen Chen Old Frame Chen New Frame

Yang Lu-ch'an Chen Qingping 1799-1872 1795-1868 YANG STYLE Chen Small Frame, Zhao Bao Frame

+---------------------------------+-----------------------------+
| |
Yang Pan-hou Yang Chien-hou Wu Yu-hsiang 1837-1892 1839-1917 1812-1880 Yang Small Frame | WU/HAO STYLE
+-----------------+
| |
Wu Ch'uan-yü Yang Shao-hou Yang Ch'eng-fu Li I-yü 1834-1902 1862-1930 1883-1936 1832-1892
Yang Small Frame Yang Big Frame
Wu Chien-ch'üan | Hao Wei-chen 1870-1942 Yang Shou-chung 1849-1920 WU STYLE 1910-1985
108 Form
Sun Lu-t'ang Wu Kung-i 1861-1932 1900-1970 SUN STYLE

Wu Ta-kuei Sun Hsing-i 1923-1972 1891-1929

Note to Family tree table

Names denoted by an asterisk are legendary or semilegendary figures in the lineage, which means their involvement in the lineage, while accepted by most of the major schools, isn't independently verifiable from known historical records.

References

*Yang Chengfu. Swaim, Louis, tr. "The Essence and Applications of Taijiquan" (2005) North Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1556435454

External links

* [http://www.yangfamilytaichi.com/ Yang Chengfu Family Website]
* [http://www.taichidepot.com/gallery/yang,chengfu/index.php Yang Chengfu Tai Chi Posture]
* [http://www.dongtaichi.com/ Dong Tai Chi home page]
* [http://www.fushengyuan-taichi.com.au/ Authentic Yang Tai Chi]
* [http://www.itcca.org/ Yang Shouchung Disciple's Website]
* [http://goldeneaglemac.com/yangcheng-fu.html Yang Cheng-Fu Biography]
* [http://www.tjlyx.ik8.com Li Yaxuan home page (in Chinese)]
* Several pages comparing the solo form postures of Yang Chengfu and Dong Yingjie
** [http://www.chipellis.com/Pictures/comparitive-pics/YCFandDYJ/Slow%20Compare%201.htm 1st section]
** [http://www.chipellis.com/Pictures/comparitive-pics/YCFandDYJ/Slow%20Compare%202.htm 2nd section]
** [http://www.chipellis.com/Pictures/comparitive-pics/YCFandDYJ/Slow%20Compare%203.htm 3rd section]


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  • Yang Chengfu — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Yáng (楊). Yang Chengfu (楊澄甫, 1883 1936), petit fils de Yang Luchan était un maître de tai chi chuan très célèbre. C était l un des premiers à proposer cet art martial à un grand public …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yang Chien-hou — (Jianhou, 楊健侯) (1839 1917), was the younger son of the founder of Yang style T ai Chi Ch uan, Yang Lu ch an, and a well known teacher of the soft style martial art of T ai Chi Ch uan in late Qing dynasty China.cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Yang Shao-hou — Yang Shaohou 楊少侯 (1862 1930) along with Yang Chengfu 楊澄甫 (1883 1936) represent the third generation of Yang family Taijiquan 楊氏太極拳. Although Yang Shaohou studied Taijiquan from his father Yang Jianhou 楊健候 (1839–1917), it is said that he mainly… …   Wikipedia

  • Yang Shou-Chung — Yang Zhenming (* 1910; † 1985; auch bekannt als Yang Shouchung) war ein Großmeister des Yang Stils des Taijiquan. Als ältester Sohn von Yang Chengfu war er nach dem Tod seines Vaters der maßgebliche Vertreter des inneren Familienstils der Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yang Zhenming — (* 1910; † 1985; auch bekannt als Yang Shouchung) war ein chinesischer Großmeister des Yang Stils des Taijiquan. Als ältester Sohn von Yang Chengfu war er nach dem Tod seines Vaters der maßgebliche Vertreter des inneren Familienstils der Familie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yang Chien-hou — Yang Jianhou Yang Jianhou (Chien hou, 楊健侯) (1842 1917), était le plus jeune des trois enfants de Yang Luchan, le fondateur du Tai chi chuan style Yang, et un maître renommé de tai chi chuan à la fin de l ère Qing. Le frère de Jianhou, Yang Banhou …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Yang-Stil — Der Yang Stil der chinesischen Kampfkunst Taijiquan ist der zweitälteste der fünf „Familienstile“. Der Yang Stil in seinen verschiedenen Ausprägungen ist der weltweit verbreitetste Stil. Der Name bezieht sich auf die Familie Yang oder Yeung, die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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