Quattrocento


Quattrocento

The cultural and artistic events of 15th century Italy are collectively referred to as the Quattrocento (from the Italian for '400, or from "millequattrocento," 1400). Quattrocento encompasses the artistic styles of the late Middle Ages (most notably International Gothic) and the early Renaissance.

Historical context

After the decline of the Western Roman Empire in 476, economic disorder and disruption of trade spread across Europe. This was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages, which lasted roughly until the 11th century, when trade picked up, population began to expand and the papacy regained its authority.

In the late Middle Ages, the political structure of the European continent slowly evolved from small, highly unstable fiefdoms into larger nation-states ruled by monarchies, thereby providing greater stability. In Italy, urban centers arose that were populated by merchant and trade classes, who were able to defend themselves. Money replaced land as the medium of exchange, and increasing numbers of serfs became freedmen. The changes in Medieval Italy and the decline of feudalism paved the way for social, cultural, and economic changes. The Quattrocento is viewed as the transition from the Medieval period to the age of the Renaissance.

Quattrocento lay at the forefront of what was to become the Italian Renaissance. Its international manifesto resembles a happening of cultural and artistic events during the 15th century which embraced the artistic styles of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance: a forefront collection of high-end individualism in the arts to promote the presence of a scientific, cultural, social and economic revolution in hope of preserving the Monarchy through Christianity. [Frederik Hartt. "History of Italian Renaissance Art". New York: Abrams (1994)]

Development of Quattrocento styles

Quattrocento art shed the decorative mosaics typically associated with Byzantine art along with the Christian and Gothic media of and styles in stained glass, frescoes, illuminated manuscripts and sculpture. Instead, Quattrocento artists and sculptors incorporated the more classic forms developed by Roman and Greek sculptors.

List of Italian Quattrocento artists

Since the Quattrocento overlaps with part of the Renaissance movement, it would be inaccurate to say that a particular artist was Quattrocento "or" Renaissance. Artists of the time probably would not have identified themselves as members of a movement.

* Donatello
* Filippo Brunelleschi
* Lorenzo Ghiberti
* Masolino

* Fra Angelico
* Paolo Uccello
* Il Sassetta
* Filippo Lippi
* Gentile da Fabriano
* Masaccio

* Francesco Squarcione
* Piero della Francesca
* Domenico Veneziano
* Giovanni di Paolo
* Francesco di Giorgio
* Vecchietta
* Jacopo Bellini
* Domenico di Bartolo

* Andrea del Castagno
* Benozzo Gozzoli
* Cosimo Tura
* Antonello da Messina
* Melozzo da Forlì
* Antonio Pollaiuolo
* Antoniazzo Romano
* Francesco del Cossa
* Andrea Mantegna
* Desiderio da Settignano
* Carlo Crivelli
* Vittore Crivelli
* Andrea del Verrocchio
* Justus of Ghent
* Pedro Berruguete

* Leonardo da Vinci
* Domenico Ghirlandaio
* Sandro Botticelli
* Pietro Perugino
* Antonio Rossellino
* Bertoldo di Giovanni
* Della Robbia
* Gentile Bellini
* Vittore Carpaccio
* Giovanni Bellini
* Ercole de' Roberti
* Luca Signorelli

Also see the list of 27 prominent 15th century painters made contemporaneously by Giovanni Santi, Raphael Sanzio's father as part of a poem for the Duke of Urbino.

See also

*Trecento-the 14th century in Italian culture
*Cinquecento- the 16th century in Italian culture
*Seicento- the 17th century in Italian culture

Footnotes


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  • quattrocento — [ kwatrotʃɛnto ] n. m. • 1875; mot it. « quatre cents », c. à d. années 1400 et suiv. ♦ Quinzième siècle italien, du point de vue littéraire et artistique. Les artistes du quattrocento (ou QUATTROCENTISTES[ kwatrotʃɛntist ] n. ). ● quattrocento… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • quattrocento — QUATTROCÉNTO s.n. Denumire dată culturii italiene din sec. XV, cunoscută şi sub numele de Renaştere timpurie. [pr.: cua tro cén ] – cuv. it. Trimis de cata, 24.02.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  QUATTROCÉNTO s.n. quattrocento (sil. quat ) Trimis de tavi,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Quattrocento — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Virgen y niño, obra de Domenico Veneziano (Gran ducado de Florencia) El Quattrocento (palabra italiana que significa cuatrocientos, por los años pertenecientes al siglo XV, los años 1400) es uno de los períodos más i …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quattrocento — Quat tro*cen to, n. & a. [It., four hundred, used as an abbreviated expression for the dates beginning with fourteen hundred.] The fifteenth century, when applied to Italian art or literature; as, the sculpture of the quattrocento; quattrocento… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quattrocento — {{hw}}{{quattrocento}}{{/hw}}[400 nella numerazione araba, CD in quella romana] A agg. num. card. inv. Indica una quantità composta di quattro volte cento unità. B s. m. inv. Il numero quattrocento, il valore che vi corrisponde e il segno che lo… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • quattrocento — (n.) 1875, the fifteenth century as a period in art and architecture, from Italian, lit. four hundred, short for mille quattrocento one thousand four hundred …   Etymology dictionary

  • quattrocento — [kwät΄trō chen′tō] n. [It, four hundred: short for mille quattrocento, one thousand four hundred] the 15th cent. as a period in Italian art and literature …   English World dictionary

  • Quattrocento — (ital., spr. tschénto, »vierhundert«), in der Geschichte der ital. Kunst und Literatur Bezeichnung für das 15. Jahrh. und den es beherrschenden Stil der Frührenaissance, Quattrocentisten sind die Künstler, die diesen Stil vertreten, insbes. die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • quattrocento — pronounced kwat roh chen toh, denotes the style of Italian art of the 15c, i.e. 1400–99 …   Modern English usage

  • quattrocento — quat·tro·cèn·to agg.num.card.inv., s.m.inv., s.m.pl. CO 1a. agg.num.card.inv., che è pari a quattro centinaia (nella numerazione araba rappresentato con 400, in quella romana con CD, CCCC): quattrocento pagine, quattrocento dollari | come… …   Dizionario italiano


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