name = Lublin
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Old Town
image_shield = POL Lublin COA 1.svg
pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Lublin
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = "city county"
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Adam Wasilewski
established_title = Established
established_date = before 12th century
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1317
area_total_km2 = 147
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 354272
population_density_km2 = auto
population_metro = 640000
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 51 | latm = 14 | lats = 53 | latNS = N | longd = 22 | longm = 34 | longs = 13 | longEW = E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 20-001 to 20-999
area_code = +48 81
website = http://www.um.lublin.pl/
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = LU
Lublin Audio-IPA-pl|Pl-Lublin.ogg|'|l|u|b|l|i|n is the largest city in eastern
Polandand the capital of Lublin Voivodeshipwith a population of 355,954 (2004). It is Poland's ninth largest city.
The first permanent settlements on the Lublin site were established in the early
Middle Ages, though archeological finds indicate a long, earlier presence of various cultures in the general area. The earliest, most significant settlement began in the 6th century, on a hill located in the suburb of Czwartek (in Polish "Thursday", most likely in reference to the market day of the settlement). It is likely that the surrounding hills, notably the site of the present day Old Town, were also settled at around this time. In the 10th and 11th centuries the Czwartek settlement developed into an important trade centre. The location of Lublin at the eastern borders of the Polish lands gave it a military significance. The first fortification on the site may have been built as early as the 8th century, possibly on the Castle Hill. Certainly at the end of the 10th century a significant fortification existed there. As the castle grew, the Old Town hill adjacent to it became the main focus of settlement, and the Czwartek settlement declined in relative importance. The castle became the seat of a Castellan, first mentioned in historical sources from 1224, but quite possibly present from the start of the 12th, or even 10th century. The oldest historical document mentioning Lublin dates from 1198, so the name must have come into general use some time earlier.
The city was a target of attacks by
Tatars, Ruthenes, Yotvingiansand Lithuaniansand was destroyed a number of times. It received a city charter in 1317. Casimir the Great, appreciating the strategic importance of the site, built a masonry castle in 1341 and encircled the city with defensive walls.
In 1392, the city received an important trade privilege from king Władysław Jagiełło, and with the coming of the peace between Poland and Lithuania developed into a great trade centre carrying a large portion of commerce between the two countries. In 1474 the area around Lublin was combined to form the
Lublin Voivodeship. In the 15th century and 16th century the town grew rapidly. The largest trade fairs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealthwere held in Lublin. During the 16th century the noble parliaments ( sejm) were held in Lublin a number of times. On June 26, 1569, one of the most important ones proclaimed the Union of Lublin, which united Poland and Lithuania. The Lithuanian name for the city is Liublinas.
Some of the artists and writers of the
Polish renaissancelived and worked in Lublin, including Sebastian Klonowicand Jan Kochanowski, who died in the city in 1584. In 1578 the Crown Tribunalwas established in the city, this being the highest court of the Lesser Polandregion.
Since the second half of the 16th century, Reformation movements developed in Lublin, and a large congregation of
Polish Brethrenwas present in the city. One of Poland's most important Jewish communities was also established in Lublin around this time. It continued to be a vital part of the city's life until the community ceased to exist during the Nazi Holocaust. Between 1580 and 1764 the Jewish Council of Four Lands Arba Aracot ( Sejmof 4 countries) was held in Lublin. 70 delegates of Jewish local kahals met to discuss issue of taxations and other important for Jewish communities issues.
Students came to Lublin from all over
Europeto study at the yeshivathere. The yeshiva became a centre of learning of both Talmudand Kabbalah. The great scholarship of those who studied there led to the city being named the "Jewish Oxford"; the Rosh yeshivareceived the title of rector and equal rights to those in Polish universities with the permission of the King in 1567.In the 17th century, the town suffered a decline due to the Swedish invasion during the Northern Wars. After the Third of the Partitions of Polandin 1795 Lublin was located in the Austrian empire, then since 1809 in the Duchy of Warsaw, and then since 1815 in the Congress Polandunder Russian rule. At the beginning of the 19th century a number of modern urban developments took place, with new squares, streets, and public buildings coming into existence. In 1877 a railway connection to Warsawand Kovelwas built, which spurred industrial development in the city. Lublin's population grew from 28,900 in 1873 to 50,150 in 1897.
The Russian rule ended in 1915, when the city was occupied by German and Austro-Hungarian armies. After the defeat of the
Central Powersin 1918, the first government of independent Poland operated in Lublin for a short time. In the inter war years, the city continued to develop, its population grew, and important industrial enterprises were established, including the first aviation factory in Poland, the Plage i Laśkiewiczworks, later nationalized as the LWS factory. The Catholic University of Lublinwas founded in 1918. The city contained a vibrant Jewish community which formed around 40% of Lublin's population.After the 1939 German invasion of Poland the city found itself in the General Government. During the German occupation the city's population was a target of severe oppression by the occupiers, with a particularly grim fate reserved for the Jewish inhabitants. German plans were aimed towards turning Lublin into Germanised city with its population of Ethnic Germansgrowing towards 20-25 %, compared with 10-15% in 1939. [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0801864933&id=w-IQu7nWQwQC&pg=PA759&lpg=PA759&dq=werewolf+germans&sig=RwVVNGIdJmum25uftKqqt15g4Cs] . The city served as a German headquarters for Operation Reinhardt, the main German effort to exterminate the Jews in occupied Poland. Lublin's Jewish population was forced into the Lublin ghetto established around the area of Podzamcze. The majority of the ghetto's inhabitants, about 26,000 people, was deported to the Bełżec death campbetween 17 Marchand 11 April, 1942. The remainder were moved to facilities around Majdanek, a large concentration camp established at the outskirts of the city. Most of them were killed by the war's end. After the war the few Jews who survived in hiding or by escaping to Soviet territory reestablished a small Jewish community in the city, but it quickly shrank to insignificance as most Jews left Poland for Israel and the West in the immediate postwar years. The Majdanekcamp, together with the prison established in the Lublin castle, also served as a major centre of terror measures aimed at the non-Jewish population of Lublin and the surrounding district.On 24 July 1944, the city was taken by the Soviet Armyand became the temporary capital of a Soviet-controlled communist Polish Committee of National Liberationestablished in the city, which was to serve as basis for a puppet government. The capital was moved to Warsawin January 1945. In the postwar years Lublin continued to grow, tripling its population and greatly expanding in area. A considerable scientific and research base was established around the newly founded Maria Curie-Sklodowska University. A large automobile factory (FSC) was established in the city.In July 1980, the workers of Lublin and nearby Świdnikbegan the first in the wave of mass strikes aimed against the Communist regime, which eventually led to the emergence of the Solidaritymovement. The first strike began on July 8 in the WSK factory in Świdnik. It then quickly spread to other factories in Lublin and the surrounding region. The railroad network and city transit came to a standstill. Ultimately. 150 factories employing 50,000 workers joined the strike. The strikers used a novel tactic of staying inside their factories and occupying them, instead of marching in the streets where the authorities would have found it easy to use force against them. The workers made demands for their economic situation to be improved. They also made political demands, such as: new elections for the leadership of the trade unions, liquidation of privileges for the Communist party governing class, and the reduction of the bureaucracy in the factories.The July strikes lasted two weeks. The Communistauthorities eventually managed to bring them to an end peacefully, mainly by granting economic concessions to the workers. However, the momentum generated by the Lublin strikes quickly gave rise to a new wave of strikes in the Gdańskregion in August 1980. The workers there used similar tactics as the Lublin workers used a month before, and this time the Communist authorities had to agree to the strikers' demand to set up an independent trade union, which soon became the Solidarity.
The Lublin region had the lowest per capita GDP in the entire
European Unionuntil Bulgariaand Romaniajoined in 2007 (it was 32% of EU average in 2002). It is a part of eastern Poland, which has generally benefited less from the economic transformation after 1989 than other regions of Poland located closer to Western Europe. While the standard of living in the city of Lublin is considerably higher than in the surrounding countryside, the city's relatively poor economic performance is unavoidably tied to the poverty of its surrounding region. Factories built under the Communist regime in the city have generally performed poorly in the new market economy. The large car factory FSC ("Fabryka Samochodów Ciężarowych") seemed to have a brighter future when acquired by the South Korean Daewooconglomerate in the early 1990s. With Daewoo's financial troubles in 1998, the production at FSC practically collapsed and the factory entered bankruptcy. Efforts to restart its van production succeeded when the engine supplier bought the company in order not to lose its prime market. With the decline of Lublin as a regional industrial centre, the city's economy is being reoriented towards the service industries. Currently, the largest employer is the Maria Curie-Sklodowska University(UMCS). In 2001, Lublin became a sister city to its only namesake outside Poland; Lublin, Wisconsin, USAFact|date=February 2007.
Agriculturally, the area of Lublin has been an important center of
hopsproduction since medieval times, and Lublin hops are used in lager beers throughout Central Europe. A hop plant is depicted on the city's coat of armsin recognition of this.
The prices of land and investing costs are still lower than that in western part of Poland. However, the Lublin area is one of main beneficiaries of the EU development funds- [http://www.um.lublin.pl/um/index.php?t=200&id=45863.] Mr. Jerzy Kwiecinski, the Deputy Secretary of State in the Ministry for Regional Development at the Conference of the Ministry for Regional Development (Poland in the European Union – new possibilities for foreign investors) said: -
“In the immediate financial outlook, between 2007 and 2013, we will be the largest beneficiaries of the EU - every fifth Euro will be spent in Poland. In total, we will have at our disposal 120 billion EUR, assigned exclusively for post development activities. This sum will be an enormous boost for our country”. [http://www.paiz.gov.pl/nowosci/?id_news=1392&lang_id=1]
In September 2007, the Prime Minister signed a bill creating a special economic investment zone in Lublin that offers tax incentives. It is part of “Park Mielec” – the European Economic Development area - [http://miasta.gazeta.pl/lublin/1,35640,4527639.html] ; [www.um.lublin.pl.] At least 13 large companies had declared their wish to invest here e.g. Carefaur, Comarch, Safo, Asseco, Aliplast, Herbapol and Perła Browary Lubelskie - [http://miasta.gazeta.pl/lublin/1,35640,4527639.html] ; [http://ww2.tvp.pl/3903,20051107265122.strona] . At the same time the energy giant Polska Grupa Energetyczna, which build Poland's first nuclear power station will have its main offices in Lublin.
There are a number of new shopping centers built in Lublin such as Lublin Plaza and galeria Gala, the largest shopping centre in Lublin covering 33500 square metres. Similar investments are already being advanced or planned for in the near future such as Park Felin (Felicity) and new gallery between Świętoduska and Lubartowska streets [ [http://miasta.gazeta.pl/lublin/1,36651,3823552.html Taki był 2006 rok ] ] .
Lublin will also take an active part in the preparations for the upcoming EURO 2012 championships, with several preliminary matches being held in the city. This will bring the associated investment in infrastructure.
Lublin has a student population of around 100,000. It is called the “Polish Oxford” for its five public universities:
UMCS- [http://www.umcs.lublin.pl University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska] in Lublin
KUL- [http://www.kul.lublin.pl/uk Catholic University of Lublin]
* [http://www.am.lublin.pl Medical University in Lublin]
* [http://www.pollub.pl Technical University in Lublin]
* [http://www.up.lublin.pl University of Life Sciences in Lublin]
Lublin also hosts a number of other private higher education establishments.The Polish Government has plans to establish a new University in Lublin in cooperation with the Ukraine Government, which promises to be one of the most innovative international venture of recent years. Fact|date=July 2008 The Polish-Ukrainian Academy will support multicultural exchange, and will highlight Polish and Ukrainian heritage and history. It promises to be a milestone in the rapprochement of Poland and Ukraine, and of Ukraine and the
Celtic Culture in LublinThe Catholic University of Lublin has the largest Department of Celtic Studies in the country - if not in all of Eastern Europe, teaching courses on the Welsh and Irish languages (modern and medieval) including the culture, history and literature of these countries. As a result the University and Lublin have recently been host to many cultural events providing interesting cultural links between Wales and Poland, two countries whose awareness of each other is perhaps rather imbalanced (Wales having hosted many Polish immigrants since the Second World War, but Poland generally remaining rather ignorant of the Celtic element of the island they refer to as 'Anglia').
Media in Lublin
Radiostations based in Lublin:
* Radio eR - 87,9 FM,
Radio Lublin(regional station of the Polish Radio) - 89,9 FM / 102,2 FM,
* Radio Puls (part of the Zlote Przeboje) - 95,6 FM,
* [http://www.centrum.fm/ Radio Centrum (University radio)] - 98,2 FM,
* Radio Eska Lublin - 103,6 FM,National and regional radios:
RMF FM- 89,3 FM,
Polish Radio1 - 90,8 FM,
* Polish Radio 2 - 91,8 FM,
* Radio Maryja - 97 FM,
* Polish Radio EURO - 99 FM,
* Radio Kielce (regional station of the
Polish Radio) - 101,4 FM,
* Polish Radio Trójka - 104,2 FM,
* Radio ESKA ROCK - 106,1 FM,
Radio Zet- 107 FM.
Kurier Lubelski(daily, regional partner of the national newspaper "Polska. The Times") [http://www.kurierlubelski.pl/ Kurier's www]
* [http://www.dziennikwschodni.pl/ Dziennik Wschodni] (daily)
* Gazeta Wyborcza [http://www.lublin.gazeta.pl/ Lublin Edition] (daily, regional supplement to the national newspaper
* [http://www.emetro.pl Metro] (daily, free)
* Nasze Miasto Lublin (weekly, free)
Trains run ten times a day to Warsaw and three times to Krakow as well as all other major cities in Poland. Buses also run from below the castle in the Old Town and serve most of the same destinations as the rail network. The fast train to Warsaw takes around two and half hours and public transport is available to the Frederick Chopin Airport, which is only 10km outside the centre and has flights worldwide. The Polski Express bus service runs seven daily buses from the airport direct to Lublin and the journey takes around three and a half hours ( [http://www.odleglosci.pl/mapa,polski,Lublin.html] ; [http://www.rozklad.mortin.pl/lublin.html] ).
The new airport in Świdnik, near Lublin, which has finally been accepted and will receive large EU funds, will be opened by 2011 at the latest and will serve a large young population of this area as well as business- [http://www.spedycje.pl/aktualnosci/wiadomosci/3933/a_jednak_lotnisko_w_swidniku.html] ; [www.koziolek.lublin.pl/news.php?did=21&idnews=62891&PHPSESSID=bbbb5fdd13cde5de728a3dd8e725c9a5] ; [www.um.lublin.pl.]
Tourism and nightlife
Lublin, by some called "little Cracow", has a wonderful architecture and a charming, unique ambiance. It is really worth a visit in order to experience a "true" polish city atmosphere. The Old Town, with its old, picturesque architecture is particularly pretty. The newly renovated Lublin Castle boasts an incredible Trinity Chapel. The Chapel has been enrolled in the UNESCO cultural heritage list (http://www.mdk2.lublin.pl/SymboleLublina/index.php?a=). A must see are 15th century Russian-Byzantine frescoes – very unique and, some say, the most beautiful in Poland. In addition to being an important historical site, Lublin has wonderful bars, clubs, cafes and restaurants, serving fresh local delicacies and a more international cuisine. Catering to a large number of students, who account for 35% of the population, the city offers a vibrant music and nightclub scene [ [http://www.lsi.lublin.pl/de/deptak1.htm. Lublin-Lubelski Serwis Informacyjny-lublin ] ] Lublin has many theatres, philharmonic orchestras and museums. [www.teatr-osterwy.lublin.pl; www.galeria.pl/nominacja.htm; http://filharmonialubelska.pl/; http://zamek-lublin.pl/index.php?l=pl&r=1 ] There are riding schools ( [http://www.skj-poczernin.stadniny.pl/oferty/1140631942] ; [http://www.turystyka.lubelskie.pl/index.php/lrt/page/888/] ), old forests and one can kayak and cycle around the Bystrzyca river ( [http://duch.mimuw.edu.pl/~abuczyns/rower/index.php?a=okolice_lublina] ; [http://www.eko.lublin.pl/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1672] ). The Zemborzycki Zalew is a large man-made lake with some wind surfing, fishing and other lake activities - [http://zalewzemborzycki.pl] . Lublin’s Old Town has cobbled streets and interesting buildings. The classic architecture of the Old Town Hall and Tribunal in the Market Square is surrounded by burgher houses and winding lanes. [http://www.lsi.lublin.pl/stm/stmia.htm] ; [http://hucal-jacek.webpark.pl/galery_files/smiasto1.htm] ; [http://www.lublin-art.pl/thumbnails.php?album=14] ] On ul. Raabego, there is a 104 metre tall concrete TV Tower(not accessible for tourists) of unconventional design, as it consists of a frame structure in which the tower stands. [http://emi.emitel.pl/EMITEL/obiekty.aspx?obiekt=DODR_E1L] .
Hotels & Accommodation
Hotels in Lublin
Grand Hotel Lublinianka* * * *
HotelEuropa * * * *
* Rezydencja Waksman * * * *
HotelUnia Lublin * * *
HotelVictoria * * *
HotelLwów * * *
HotelMłyn * * *
HotelKorona * * *
HotelFocus * * *
HotelHuzar * * *
HotelJedlina * * *
HotelBellis * * *
HotelVanilla * * *
HotelCampanille * *
HotelLocomotiva * *
There is also a number of budget accommodation possibilities in student dormitories and private lodgings eg. Guest House Wytchnienie.
It has six schools of higher education, including
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University(UMCS) and John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin(KUL).
* Uniwersytet Medyczny – [http://www.am.lublin.pl/] (Medical University of Lublin)
* Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy – [http://www.up.lublin.pl/]
* Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski im. Jana Pawła II – [http://www.kul.lublin.pl/]
Lubelska Szkoła Biznesu– [http://www.lbs.pl/]
Politechnika Lubelska– [http://www.pollub.pl/]
Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej– [http://www.umcs.lublin.pl/]
Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomii i Innowacji w Lublinie– [http://www.wsei.lublin.pl/]
Wyższa Szkoła Nauk Społecznych z siedzibą w Lublinie– [http://www.wsns.lublin.pl/]
Wyższa Szkoła Przedsiębiorczości i Administracji– [http://www.wspa.lublin.pl/]
Wyższa Szkoła Społeczno-Przyrodnicza w Lublinie– [http://www.wssp.edu.pl/]
Start Lublin- men's basketball team, 12th in Era Basket Ligain 2003–2004 season.
SPR Safo iCom Lublin(formerly Bystrzyca Lublin) - women's handball team playing in Polish Ekstraklasa Women's Handball League: 2nd place in 2003–2004 season: also a winner of Women's EHF Cupin season 2000/2001.
Motor Lublin- professional football team competing in the Polish second division.
Lublinianka- men's football team competing in the Polish league (fourth division as of 2006–07).
Budowlani Lublin- a local Rugby Unionteam competing in the Polish, and surrounding district league.
TŻ Lublinspeedway club competing in the Polish league (second division).
Janusz Lewandowski(1951—) - MEP, former minister of privatization; born in Lublin
Stanisław Kostka Potocki(1755–1821)
Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin(1745–1815) - "The Seer of Lublin"
Henryk Wieniawski(1835–1880) - great violin virtuoso; born in Lublin
Jacek Bąk(polish footbaler, captain of Poland on World Cup 2006)
Stanisław Serwaczyński(1791–1862), violinist, teacher of Henryk Wieniawskiand Joseph Joachim.
Wincenty Pol(1807-1872) poet and geographer
Katarzyna Dolinska(Of America's Next Top Model, Cycle 10, came in 5th place)
Members of Parliament (
Sejm) elected from Lublin constituency:
Zyta Gilowska, PIS
Stanisław Głębocki, Samoobrona
Arkadiusz Kasznia, SLD-UP
Elżbieta Kruk, PiS
Grzegorz Kurczuk, SLD-UP
Robert Luśnia, LPR
Andrzej Mańka, PiS
Gabriela Masłowska, LPR
Wiktor Osik, SLD-UP
Zdzisław Podkański, PSL
Tadeusz Polański, PSL
Izabella Sierakowska, SLD-UP
Zygmunt Jerzy Szymański, SLD-UP
Leszek Świętochowski, PSL
Marian Widz, Samoobrona
Józef Żywiec, Samoobrona
Janusz Palikot, PO
Alcalá de Henares
Lublin Department(Polish: "Departament Lubelski"): a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland's Duchy of Warsaw, 1806–1815
Nasze Miasto Lublinlocal newspaper
Teatr Muzyczny w LublinieMusical Theatre in Lublin (opera,operetta,musical,balet) [http://teatrmuzyczny.eu]
Filharmonia LubelskaLublin Philharmonic [http://filharmonialubelska.pl]
[http://www.lsi.lublin.pl/ Lublin - Informator o Lublinie i lubelszczyźnie]
* [http://www.um.lublin.pl/ Lublin Municipality official website (in Polish)] [http://www.um.lublin.pl/en/index.php (in English)]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~pollubel/ Genealogy in Lublin and a lot more interesting information about the city than on the city's homepage]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~pollubel/aplace/index.html A photo tour of Lublin]
* [http://www.umcs.lublin.pl/index.html?lang=2 Official website of Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin (English version)]
* [http://zamek-lublin.pl/index.php?l=pl&r=1 Lublin Museum (in Polish)]
* [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Lublin.html The Virtual Jewish History Tour: Lublin]
* [http://www.lublin.jewish.org.pl/index_en.html Website of the Jewish Community of Warsaw – Lublin Branch]
* [http://www.oldstratforduponavon.com/lublin Lublin in Old Postcards]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lublin — Lublin … Deutsch Wikipedia
LUBLIN — LUBLIN, city in E. Poland, center of the district of the same name. In the 16th and 17th centuries Lublin was famous for its fairs (see market days and fairs ). Annexed by Austria in 1795, it was incorporated in Russian Poland in 1815. From 1918… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Lublin — Héraldique Drapeau … Wikipédia en Français
Lublin — Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Lublin — • The city of Lublin is in Russian Poland, capital of the Government of Lublin, lies on the Bistrzyca, a tributary of the Vistula, and in 1897 had a population of 50,152, of whom 30,914 were Catholics Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia
LUBLIN — LUBLI Excentrée sur le plateau qui porte son nom, Lublin est la principale ville de la Pologne du Sud Est et le chef lieu de la province homonyme. Elle a une situation pittoresque sur un ensemble de collines, dont l’une porte la vieille citadelle … Encyclopédie Universelle
Lublin — Lublin, WI U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 72 Land area (2000): 1.517112 sq. miles (3.929301 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.517112 sq. miles (3.929301 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Lublin, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 72 Land area (2000): 1.517112 sq. miles (3.929301 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.517112 sq. miles (3.929301 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Lublin — Lublin, 1) Gouvernement in Russisch Polen, im Osten an Volhynien, im Süden an Galizien grenzend; 548,61 QM. u. 1,100,000 Ew., umfaßt die bisherigen Gouvernements L. u. Podlachien u. ist in 8 Kreise getheilt; der Boden ist eben, stark bewaldet,… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Lublin  — Lublin (Ljublin), russisch poln. Gouvernement (s. »Karte von Westrußland« bei Artikel »Polen«), wird im W. durch die Weichsel vom Gouv. Radom, im O. durch den Bug von Wolhynien getrennt, grenzt im N. an Sjedlez, im S. an Österreich (Galizien) und … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Lublin  — Lublin (Ljublin), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen russ. Gouvernements (s. oben), an der Bistrzyca, Knotenpunkt der Weichselbahn, nach Warschau die schönste Stadt Polens, hat eine Kathedrale (aus dem 13. Jahrh.), 11 andre kath. Kirchen, eine… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon