Bahmani Sultanate

Bahmani Sultanate

Infobox Former Country
native_name =
conventional_long_name = Bahmani Sultanate
common_name = Bahmani Sultanate
continent = Asia
region =
country =
era = Late Medieval
status =
event_start =
year_start = 1347
date_start = 3 August
event1 =
date_event1 =
event_end =
year_end = 1527
date_end =
p1 = Delhi Sultanate
flag_p1 =
s1 = Deccan sultanates
flag_s1 =


flag_type =




flag_type =





image_map_caption = Bahmani Sultanate, 1470 CE
capital = Ahsanabad (1347-1425)
Muhammadabad (1425-1527)
common_languages =
religion = Shia Islam, Hinduism
government_type = Monarchy
leader1 = Aladdin Hassan Bahman Shah
year_leader1 = 1347-1358
leader2 = Kalim-Allah Shah
year_leader2 = 1525-1527
title_leader = Sultan
legislature =

The Bahmani Sultanate (Also called the Bahmanid Empire) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in southern India and one of the great medieval Indian kingdoms. [cite web
url=http://orbat.com/site/cimh/kings_master/kings/ibrahimII_adil_shahi/5_provinces.html
title=The Five Kingdoms of the Bahmani Sultanate
publisher=orbat.com
accessdate=2007-01-05
] Bahmanid Sultanate was the first independent Islamic and Shi'ite Kingdom in South India. Ansari, N.H. "Bahmanid Dynasty" Encylopaedia Iranica [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/home/index.isc] ]

History

The sultanate was founded on 3rd of August 1347 by governor Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah, possibly of Tajik-Persian or Turkish [Cavendish, Marshall. "World and Its Peoples", p.335. Published 2007, Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 0761476350] descent, who revolted against the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughluq. Nazir uddin Ismail Shah who had revolted against the Delhi sultanate stepped down on that day in favour of Zafar Khan who ascended the throne with the title of Alauddin Bahman Shah. His revolt was successful, and he established an independent state on the Deccan within the Delhi Sultanate's southern provinces. The Bahmani capital was Ahsanabad (Gulbarga) between 1347 and 1425 when it was moved to Muhammadabad (Bidar).

The Bahmani contested the control of the Deccan with the Hindu Vijayanagara empire to the south. The sultanate reached the peak of its power during the vizierate (14661481) of Mahmud Gawan. After 1518 the sultanate broke up into five states: Ahmednagar, Berar, Bidar, Bijapur, and Golconda, known collectively as the Deccan sultanates.

Culture

Bahmani dynasty believed that they decent from Bahman the legendary king of Iran. Considering their ties to Iran. They were great patrons of Persian culture and literature. The Bahmanid kings and princes also took a deep interest in Persian, some of them becoming well-versed in Persian language and literature.

List of Bahmani Sultans

*Aladdin Hassan Bahman Shah 1347 - 1358
*Mohammed Shah I 1358 - 1375
*Aladdin Mujahid Shah 1375 - 1378
*Da'ud Shah 1378
*Mohammed Shah II 1378 - 1397
*Ghiyath ud-Din 1397
*Shams ud-Din 1397
*Taj ud-Din Firuz Shah 1397 - 1422
*Ahmad Shah I Wali 1422 - 1436
*Aladdin Ahmad Shah II 1436 - 1458
*Aladdin Humayun Zalim Shah 1458 - 1461
*Nizam Shah 1461 - 1463
*Mohammed Shah III Lashkari 1463 - 1482
*Mohammed Shah IV (Mahmud Shah) 1482 - 1518
*Ahmad Shah III 1518 - 1521
*Aladdin Shah 1521 - 1522
*Wali-Allah Shah 1522 - 1525
*Kalim-Allah Shah 1525 - 1527

References

External links

* [http://www.hostkingdom.net/india.html#Deccan Chronology of Deccan rulers]
* [http://www.indiancoins.8m.com/bahmani/BahmaniHist.html Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui, "History of Bahmanis of Deccan, a Gulbarga Saltanate of India"]
* [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/intoc.html#in0015 Library of Congress - A Country Study: India]


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