Doab


Doab

A Doab (Hindi: दो आब, Urdu: دو آب , "two" + āb, "water" or "river") is a term used in India and Pakistan for a "tongue" or tract of land lying between two confluent rivers.[1] - see Ap (water)

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Uttar Pradesh

A map of the Doab, shows the sub-regions, "Upper Doab," "Central or Middle Doab," and "Lower Doab."
Regions of Uttar Pradesh

The Doab, unqualified by the names of any rivers, designates the flat alluvial tract between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in western and southwestern Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand state in India, extending from the Shiwalik range to the two rivers' confluence at Allahabad. The region has an area of about 23,360 square miles (60,500 square km); it is approximately 500 miles (805 km) in length and 60 miles (97 km) in width.

Doab figures prominently in history and myths of Vedic period; the epic Mahabharata, for example, is set in the Doab, around the city of Hastinapur.

The following districts/states form part of the Doab:

Upper Doab

Dehradun, Rishikesh, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Baghpat and Bulandshahar[2]

Central or Middle Doab

Etah, Aligarh, Agra, Hathras , Firozabad, Mathura and Agra (Mathura are in trans-Yamuna region of Braj).[2]

Lower Doab

Farrukhabad, Mainpuri, Etawah, Kannauj, Auraiya, Kanpur Urban, Kanpur Rural, Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad.[2]

The Punjab Doabs

A map of the Punjab region ca. 1947 showing the different doabs.

Each of the tracts of land lying between the confluent rivers of the Punjab region of Pakistan and India (the Indus basin) has a distinct name, said to have been coined by Raja Todar Mal, a minister of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The names (except for 'Sindh Sagar') are a combination of the first letters, in the Persian alphabet, of the names of the rivers that bound the Doab. For example, Jech = 'Je'(Jhelum) + 'Ch'(Chenab). The names are (from west to east):

In addition, the tract of land lying between the Sutlej and the Yamuna river is sometimes called the Delhi doab, although, strictly speaking, it is not a doab, since its two bounding rivers, the Yamuna and Sutlej, are not confluent. Recently it is the proposed name of the former Eastern Punjab for Land of two Rivers not five, because they are now situated in Pakistan.

Raichur

The Raichur Doab is the triangular region of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states which lies between the Krishna River and its tributary the Tungabhadra River, named for the town of Raichur.

References



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Doab — (Hindi: दोआब, Urdu: دوآب, Doāb) bezeichnet in Südasien eine zwischen zwei Flüssen gelegene Region. Der Name Doab stammt aus dem Persischen und setzt sich aus do für „zwei“ und āb für „Wasser, Fluss“ zusammen (vgl. auch Panjab). Insbesondere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doab — Do ab, [Pers. & Hind. do[=a]b, prop., two waters.] A tongue or tract of land included between two rivers; as, the doab between the Ganges and the Jumna. [India] Am. Cyc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • doab — s. n. colină, interfluviu îngust separat de văi (paralele), specific câmpiei înalte a Gangelui. (< fr. doab) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Doab — (Doabeh), so v.w. Duab …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Doab — (Duab, pers. von do, »zwei«, und ab, »Wasser«), in Nordindien Bezeichnung für einen von zwei Flüssen eingeschlossenen Landstrich, insbes. die 720 km lange und bis 200 km breite Landschaft zwischen Dschamna und Ganges, wird durch den Doabkanal… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Doab — Dōāb oder Duāb (pers., »Zweistromland«), die Landschaft zwischen Dschamna und Ganges, und überhaupt jede zwischen zwei sich vereinigenden Strömen gelegene Landzunge …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • doab — ● doab nom masculin (mot sanskrit signifiant les deux eaux) Dans l Inde du Nord et au Pakistan, région située entre deux cours d eau voisins et parallèles …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Doab —    The fertile region between the Yamuna and Ganges Rivers was generally termed Doab in the early histories of Delhi sul tanate. To them, Doab and Awadh together represented the Hin dustan of the 13th and 14th centuries. Most of the Doab was khal …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Doab — Do|ab das; , <über pers. dōāb »zwei (Flüsse)« zu sanskr. dvá »zwei«> aus dem Persischen stammende Bez. für das zwischen zwei Strömen gelegene Land, bes. für das Gebiet zwischen Yamuna u. Ganges …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • doab — /ˈdoʊəb/ (say dohuhb) noun an alluvial tract of land between two adjacent rivers, as that between the Ganges and the Jumna rivers. {Persian dōāb, dō two + āb water} …   Australian English dictionary


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