Ramesses X

Ramesses X

Pharaoh Infobox | Name=Ramesses X


Alt=Also written Ramses and Rameses
NomenHiero=
Nomen=
PrenomenHiero=N5-L1-C10-N5-U21:n
Prenomen= Khepermare setepenre
HorusHiero=
Horus =
NebtyHiero =
Nebty =
GoldenHiero=
Golden =
Reign=1111–1107 BC
Predecessor=Ramesses IX
Successor=Ramesses XI
Dynasty=20th Dynasty
Father=
Mother=
Spouse=Tyti
Children=Ramesses XI?
Died=1107 BC
Burial=KV18
Khepermare Ramesses X (also written Ramses and Rameses) (ruled c. 1111 – 1107 BC) was the ninth ruler of the 20th dynasty of Ancient Egypt. His birth name was Amonhirkhepeshef. It is uncertain if his reign was 3 or 4 Years, but there is now a strong consensus among Egyptologists that it did not last as long as 9 Years, as was previously assumed. His "prenomen" or throne name, Khepermaatre, means "The Justice of Re Abides." [Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2006 paperback, p.167] He was possibly a son of Ramesses IX and wive of Tyti but this is unproven. The English Egyptologist Aidan Dodson states:

: "No evidence is known to indicate the relationship between the final kings Ramesses IX, X and XI. If they were a father-son succession, Tyti, who bears the titles of King's Daughter, King's Wife and King's Mother, would seem [to be] a good candidate for the wife of Ramesses X, but little else can be discerned." [ Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, 2004, ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.191]

Ramesses X is a poorly documented king. All that is really known about his kingship is that the general insecurity and wave of tomb robberies which had become prevalent under his predecessors continued to grow under his reign. His Year 1 and Year 2 is attested by Papyrus Turin 1932+1939 while his third Year is documented in a diary kept by a Workmen of Deir El Medina. [E.F. Wente & C.C. Van Siclen, "A Chronology of the New Kingdom" in "Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes", (SAOC 39) 1976, p.261] The diary mentions the general idleness of the necropolis workmen due to the threat posed by Libyan marauders in the Valley of the Kings. It records that the Deir El-Medina workmen were absent from work in Year 3 IIIrd Month of Peret (ie: Winter) days 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 21 and 24 for fear of the "desert-dwellers" (ie: the Libyans or Meshwesh) who evidently roamed through Upper Egypt and Thebes at will. [J. Cerny, "Egypt from the Death of Ramesses III" in Cambridge Archaeological History (CAH), 'The Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1380-1000 BC', 1975, p.618] This is partly a reflection of the massive Libyan influx into the Western Delta region of Lower Egypt during this time. Ramesses X is also the last New Kingdom king whose rule over Nubia is attested--from an inscription at Aniba. [Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, (Blackwell Books: 1992), p.291]

His KV18 tomb in the Valley of the Kings was left unfinished and it is uncertain if he was ever buried here since no remains or fragments of funerary objects were discovered within it.

References

* "Nos ancêtres de l'Antiquité", 1991, Christian Settipani, p. 153, 169 and 173

External links

* [http://www.thebanmappingproject.com/sites/browse_tomb_832.html KV18: The Tomb of Ramesses X]
*


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