- Shrubby Cinquefoil
Shrubby Cinquefoil Dasiphora fruticosa subsp. floribunda Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae Genus: Dasiphora Species: D. fruticosa Binomial name Dasiphora fruticosa
Dasiphora fruticosa (Shrubby Cinquefoil; syn. Potentilla fruticosa L., Pentaphylloides fruticosa (L.) O.Schwarz) is a shrub in the family Rosaceae, native to the cool temperate to subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, often growing at high altitudes in mountains.
It is a deciduous, much branched flowering shrub growing to 0.1–1 m tall, rarely up to 1.5 m. The habit is variably upright to sprawling or prostrate, but stems are often ascending especially those stems with many long branches. The bark of older stems is shreddy with long thin strips. The plants are densely leafy, the leaves are divided into five or seven (occasionally three or nine) pinnate leaflets. The leaflets are linear-oblong, 3–20 mm long, with entire margins and more or less acute ends. The foliage (both leaves and young stems) is pubescent, variably covered in fine silky, silvery hairs about 1 mm long. The flowers are produced terminally on the stems and are 2–3 (–4) cm across, buttercup-shaped, with five petals and 15–25 stamens; the petals are pale to bright yellow (orange to reddish in some western Chinese populations). The fruit is a cluster of achenes covered with long hairs. The species is variably dioecious or bisexual; flowering is typically from early to late summer. It is normally found growing in moisture retentive soils in swamps and moist rocky areas.
- Dasiphora fruticosa subsp. fruticosa. Described from Yorkshire, England and Öland, Sweden. Northern Europe (scattered, in Estonia, Great Britain, Ireland, Latvia, and Sweden) and northern and central Asia.
- Dasiphora fruticosa subsp. floribunda (Pursh) Kartesz (syn. Potentilla floribunda Pursh., Dasiphora floribunda (Pursh) Raf., Pentaphylloides floribunda (Pursh) A.Love). Described from Canada, New York, and New Jersey, North America. Asia, southern Europe (Spain east to Bulgaria), and North America.
A number of varieties have been described from Asia, some of which have not yet been published under the genus Dasiphora, and others in that genus only as distinct species. These include Potentilla fruticosa var. albicans Rehd. & Wils., P. f. var. arbuscula (D.Don) Maxim. (syn. Dasiphora arbuscula (D.Don) Soják), P. f. var. dahurica (Nestl.) Ser. (syn. Dasiphora dahurica (Nestl.) Komarov), P. f. var. pumila J.D.Hooker, P. f. var. mandschurica (Maxim.) Wolf (syn. Dasiphora mandshurica (Maxim.) Juz.), and P. f. var. unifoliolata Ludlow (syn. Dasiphora unifoliolata (Ludlow) Soják). The varieties D. f. var. monticola Rydb. and D. f. var. tenuiloba Rydb. have been described from western North America, but are not widely accepted as distinct.
The species is also occasionally known as Tundra-rose and Widdy.
Cultivation and uses
Shrubby Cinquefoil is a popular ornamental plant throughout the cooler regions of Europe, the United States and Canada. Different cultivars are variable with flowers ranging from white to yellow, orange and pink, but they are all hardy plants that produce flowers for much of the summer. The flowers are always small, flat, and round, but there are many dozens on each bush. It is very often used by cities and businesses for landscaping because of its hardiness and low maintenance. It was introduced into cultivation in the 18th century, but many of the modern cultivars, particularly those with orange or red flowers, derive from collections by Reginald Farrer in western China in the early 20th century. Plants are most often still grown and sold under the old name Potentilla fruticosa.
The Cinquefoil with all its characteristics of small leaves, delicate flowers, and orange to brown flaky bark make it a delightful Bonsai and is very popular in Japan and is gaining popularity in Europe.
- 'Abbotswood' - large white flowers and bluish green foliage. RHS Award of Garden Merit.
- 'Beanii' - green foliage and white flowers.
- 'Coronation Triumph' - medium-bright yellow flowers, plants are drought- and cold-tolerant and heavy bloomers.
- 'Daydawn' - salmon-pink flowers. RHS Award of Garden Merit.
- 'Day Dawn Viette' - peach-soft rose flowers highlighted with cream.
- 'Elizabeth' - yellow flowers to 3.5 cm diameter.
- 'Farreri' - leaves mostly with seven leaflets, flowers golden yellow.
- 'Farrer's White' - as 'Farreri', but with white flowers.
- 'Goldfinger' - deep golden-yellow flowers on plants with dark green foliage, good plant form and heavy flowering.
- 'Katherine Dykes' - gracefully arching branches with lemon-yellow flowers, medium green foliage. Needs regular trimming to keep from becoming leggy.
- 'Klondike' - large bright yellow flowers, 3.5–4 cm diameter.
- 'Maanelys' ('Moonlight') - leaves blue-green, flowers pale yellow.
- 'Mckay's White' - creamy white flowers
- 'Mount Everest' - flowers large, 3-3.5 cm, white.
- 'Pink Queen' - pink flowers.
- 'Primrose Beauty' - pale yellow flowers, silver tinted foliage. A good performer in the landscape with good habit and blooming, introduced in the Netherlands in 1955. RHS Award of Garden Merit.
- 'Pyrenaica' - prostrate, to 20 cm tall; leaves mostly with three leaflets; flowers golden yellow.
- 'Red Ace' - bushy, upright shrub bearing profusions of single bright orange flowers from early summer to first frost. RHS Award of Garden Merit.
- 'Snowbird' - double flowers with 12–15 white petals. Blooms more than 'Abbotswood' and has dark green foliage.
- 'Tangerine' - as 'Farreri', but with orange-red flowers.
- 'Vilmoriniana' - vigorous, to 1.3 m tall; leaves grey-white hairy, flowers ivory white to pale yellow.
- 'Walton Park' - flowers very large, 3.5–4 cm, golden yellow.
- 'William Purdom' - leaves mostly with seven leaflets, flowers pale yellow.
- 'Yellow Bird' - bright yellow semi-double flowers with 8–10 petals. Medium green foliage and winter hardy, introduced from University of Manitoba. RHS Award of Garden Merit.
- ^ Flora of NW Europe: Potentilla fruticosa
- ^ Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. ISBN 0-340-40170-2
- ^ a b Flora of China: Potentilla fruticosa
- ^ Jepson Flora of California: Potentilla fruticosa
- ^ a b Plants of British Columbia: Pentaphylloides fruticosa
- ^ a b c d Huxley, A, ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening 3: 697. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
- ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Dasiphora fruticosa
- ^ Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species Plantarum 1: 495. Online facsimile (scroll to page 495)
- ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Dasiphora fruticosa subsp. fruticosa
- ^ Pursh, F. T. (1813). Flora Americae Septentrionalis 1: 355-356. Online facsimile (scroll to pages 355-356)
- ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Dasiphora fruticosa subsp. floribunda
- ^ Weber, William. 1976. Rocky Mountain Flora. University Press of Colorado, Niwot.
- ^ Carter, Jack. 2006. Trees and Shrubs of Colorado. Mimbres Publishing, New Mexico.
- ^ D'Cruz, Mark. "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Potentilla fruticosa". Ma-Ke Bonsai. http://makebonsai.com/guide/bonsailink.asp?quicklink=5109&name=Potentilla_fruticosa. Retrieved 2011-4-19.
- ^  Diana M Miller, June 2002. RHS plant Trials and Awards: Shrubby Potentilla
- ^ Poor, J. M., & Brewster, N. P. (1996). Plants that merit attention: volume II. Shrubs. Portland, Or: Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-347-8 Page 204.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
shrubby cinquefoil — a small shrub, Potentilla fruticosa, of the rose family, native to the Northern temperate region, having pinnate leaves and numerous, showy, bright yellow flowers. Also called hardhack. * * * … Universalium
shrubby cinquefoil — noun : a much branched low shrub (Potentilla fruticosa) with pinnately compound leaves and yellow solitary or cymose flowers called also golden hardhack, hardhack * * * a small shrub, Potentilla fruticosa, of the rose family, native to the… … Useful english dictionary
marsh cinquefoil — noun : a shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla palustris) of wet or marshy land having pinnate serrate margined leaves and purple flowers … Useful english dictionary
Potentilla — Cinquefoil redirects here. For other uses, see Cinquefoil (disambiguation). Potentilla Potentilla arenaria Scientific classification Kingdom … Wikipedia
List of Canadian plants by family R — Main page: List of Canadian plants by familyFamilies: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z Radulaceae * Radula auriculata * Radula complanata * Radula obconica * Radula obtusiloba * Radula… … Wikipedia
List of Minnesota wild flowers — The List of Minnesota wild flowers lists all of the wild flowers native to Minnesota. Common names follow Minnesota DNR conventions. Where several species of plants share part of a common name, they have been grouped together under that name;… … Wikipedia
Dasiphora — fruticosa in flower Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae … Wikipedia
Bilzingsleben (Paleolithic site) — Bilzingsleben is a findspot of early palaeolithic human remains in Thuringia, Germany.LocationBilzingsleben is located on the northern border of the Thuringian trough (Becken), an area formed of triassic Keuper stone. Because of a local hercynian … Wikipedia
Stora Alvaret — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland State Party = SWE Type = Cultural Criteria = iv, v ID = 968 Region = Europe and North America Year = 2000 Session = 24th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/968The Stora… … Wikipedia
Lake Buel — Infobox lake lake name = Lake Buel image lake = Lakebuel.jpg caption lake = September on the Lake image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Berkshire County, Massachusetts coords = type = inflow = outflow = catchment = basin countries =… … Wikipedia