Carrier Air Wing Eleven


Carrier Air Wing Eleven

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= Carrier Air Wing Eleven


caption= CVW-11 Insignia
dates= 27 October 1942 - Present
country= United States
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Navy
type= Carrier Air Wing
role=
size=
command_structure= United States Pacific Fleet
garrison= NAS Lemoore USS "Nimitz"
garrison_label=
equipment=
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nickname= "Barbwire"
patron=
motto=
colors=
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battles= World War II Korean War Vietnam War Operation Desert Shield Operation Desert Storm Operation Southern Watch Operation Restore Hope Operation Desert Fox Operation Enduring Freedom Operation Iraqi Freedom
anniversaries=
decorations= Presidential Unit Citation (2) Navy Unit Commendation (2)
battle_honours=
current_commander=
current_commander_label=
ceremonial_chief=
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colonel_of_the_regiment=
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=
notable_commanders=
identification_symbol=
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identification_symbol_2=
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Carrier Air Wing Eleven (CVW-11) is a United States Navy aircraft carrier air wing based at Naval Air Station Lemoore, California. The air wing is attached to the aircraft carrier USS "Nimitz". [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/navy/cvw11.htm Carrier Air Wing Eight (CVW 11)] - Global Security.org - Access Date 2007-01-01]

Mission

To conduct carrier air warfare operations and assist in the planning, control, coordination and integration of seven air wing squadrons in support of carrier air warfare including; Interception and destruction of enemy aircraft and missiles in all-weather conditions to establish and maintain local air superiority. All-weather offensive air-to-surface attacks, Detection, localization, and destruction of enemy ships and submarines to establish and maintain local sea control. Aerial photographic, sighting, and electronic intelligence for naval and joint operations. Airborne early warning service to fleet forces and shore warning nets. Airborne electronic countermeasures. In-flight refueling operations to extend the range and the endurance of air wing aircraft and Search and rescue operations. [http://www.lemoore.navy.mil/cvw-11/History.htm Carrier Air Wing 11 Command History] - CVW-11 - U.S. Navy - Access Date 2007-01-01]

ubordinate units

See also: List of United States Navy aircraft squadrons.

CVW-11 consists of 8 Squadrons [http://www.lemoore.navy.mil/cvw-11/squadrons.htm Carrier Air Wing Eleven Squadron Composition] - CVW-11 - U.S. Navy - Access Date 2007-01-01]

*Strike Fighter Squadron 14 (VFA-14)
*Strike Fighter Squadron 41 (VFA-41)
*Strike Fighter Squadron 81 (VFA-81)
*Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 232 (VMFA-232)
*Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 117 (VAW-117)
*Carrier Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 135 (VAQ-135)
*Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 Det. 3 (VRC-30)
*Helicopter Anti-submarine Squadron HS-6 (HS-6)

History

World War II

Carrier Air Wing Eleven was commissioned on Navy Day, 1942 as Carrier Air Group Eleven. CVW-11 recorded a large number of “firsts”, establishing its place as the US Navy’s top fighting Air Wings. In June 1943, pilots from CVW-11 conducted the first daylight raids during the fighting in the Solomon Islands and New Georgia operations during World War II. CVW-11 also participated in operations over Leyte Gulf, Indochina, Formosa Island and China. For these operations, CVW-11 was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. [ [http://www.csfwp.navy.mil/cvw-11/History.htm CVW-11 Command History] - CVW-11 - U.S. Navy]

Korean War

During the Korean War, CVW-11 was the first Air Wing to shoot down MiG’s, and was instrumental in keeping the Pusan Perimeter from collapsing during the early stages of the war, and participated in various other significant operations such as the Inchon Invasion, the Wonson landing and the highly successful movement from the Chosin Reservoir.

Vietnam War and the 1970s

In 1965, CVW-11 attached squadrons received new aircraft, such as RA-5C Vigilante, A-6 Intruder and the E-2 Hawkeye. With these new additions, CVW-11 deployed on board the USS "Kitty Hawk" (CV-63) with the Seventh Fleet in October of that year. Between December 1965 and May 1966, CVW-11 conducted air strikes against targets during the Vietnam War and delivered more ordnance then any other air wing in the navy. In November 1966, the Air Wing and USS "Kitty Hawk" was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for their actions during they deployment to the region. CVW-11 deployed for a 1966 to 1967 cruise to Asia, which earned them another Navy Unit Commendation in August 1967. The Kitty Hawk and CVW-11 became the first battle group to be awarded the Presidential Unit Commendation for performance during the Vietnam War, the citation was approved during operations between December 1966 through June 1968.

CVW-11 set numerous records for the Vietnam War, including a 61 day line period, which was the longest for the war. Prior to the limited bombing announcement, CVW-11 bombed targets in North Vietnam, striking enemy power plants, rail yards and lines of transports and communications. CVW-11’s sustained presence in the region was instrumental in the defense of Khe Sanh. CVW-11 broke all records for combat sorties flown and ordnance dropped during its sixth WESTPAC deployment during November 1970 and July 1971, although it was short lived as the air wing broke its own record during the following deployment in 1972, as they were deployed due to the Communist offensive, where CVW-11 deployed 107 aircraft, the largest Air Wing ever under the new Air Wing concept, which included tactical aircraft and anti-submarine aircraft on the same carrier. The 1972-1973 deployment was high lighted by an air power demonstration for the Shah of Iran and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff while deployed to the Indian Ocean.

During the 1975 deployment, CVW-11 and "Kitty Hawk" deployed for their first non-combat cruise in nine years, which followed with two more deployments in 1975 and 1977. The 1977 cruise was the first with the F-14 Tomcat, S-3 Viking, the A-6E version of the Intruder and the E-2C version of the Hawkeye. The Air Wing made one last deployment of the decade in 1979 with the USS "America" (CV-66).

1980s

In 1982 the Air Wing deployed once more on board the "America" before CVW-11 switched carriers once again and deployed four times with USS "Enterprise" (CVN-65) between 1982 and 1990. With high lights such as the deployment to the Northern Pacific during FLEETEX ‘84, a three-carrier operation, and the 1986 cruise saw the Air Wing deploy to the Indian Ocean, where F-14s often intercepted Soviet and Indian aircraft. Due to operations against Libya in the spring of 1986 it was decided that the battle group would head for the Mediterranean Sea and the “Line of Death”, where CVW-11 aircraft would fly patrols for two months, although encounters with Libyan jets where rare. The carrier group got to visit Naples and Toulon, and instead of returning through the Suez Canal which they had used to transit to the Mediterranean, USS "Enterprise" transited through the Strait of Gibraltar and cruised the southern cape of Afria before venturing across the Indian Ocean and the Pacific back home.

The 1988 cruise saw action in the Persian Gulf in support of Operation Praying Mantis where CVW-11 conducted strikes against Iranian naval vessels and oil platforms. CVW-11, repelled a Boghammer fast attack boat raid on the Mubarak Oil Platform, sunk the Iranian frigate "Sahand" and severely damaged the frigate "Sabalan" and F-14s from scared away a section of Iranian F-4 Phantom’s. [ [http://www.tomcat-sunset.org/forums/index.php?topic=41.msg3077#msg3077 According to a post from author Tom Cooper] - Tomcat Sunset] CVW-11 was awarded the Join Meritorious Unit Award for its actions.

The Air Wing made its final deployment with the Enterprise from September 1989 to March 1990, which included several exercises with Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, Republic of Korea Naval and Air Forces, USAF and USMC and the largest assemblage of US Naval air and sea power since WW2 with three carrier groups, compromised of the Enterprise, USS "Carl Vinson" (CVN-70) and USS "Constellation" (CV-64). The Air Wing also supported Operation Classic Resolve in December 1989 near Manila Bay. The mission was to support US interests following the 1989 Philippine Coup d' état. The cruise ended with the USS "Enterprise" switching from the Pacific Fleet to the Atlantic Fleet.

1990s

The 1990’s followed with major changes to the air wing. The A-7E’s were replaced by F/A-18 Hornets, and the SH-3 Sea Kings were replaced with SH-60’s while the E-2Cs and the A-6Es received major upgrades. CVW-11’s first deployment was USS "Abraham Lincoln" (CVN-72)’s maiden voyage, cruising around South America to its new home in California. The 1991 Gulf War accelerated CVW-11s training schedule and a deployment began in May 1991. Enroute to the Persian Gulf, CVW-11 participated in Operation Fiery Vigil, the evacuation from Subic Bay during the Mt Pinatubo eruptions in the Philippines.

The 1993 deployment saw VF-213 as the sole F-14 squadron as the air wing supported Operation Southern Watch and Operation Restore Hope. Another deployment followed on board the "Lincoln" for the 1995 cruise, supporting OSW once again. CVW-11 switched to the USS "Kitty Hawk" for a 1997 cruise, another OSW deployment and supporting United Nations Security Council Resolution 986, the Oil for Food program. After the 1997 cruise, CVW-11 switched to the USS "Carl Vinson" and VF-213 transitioned to the F-14D Super Tomcat.

CVW-11 supported Operation Desert Fox during the 1998-1999 cruise. The Air Wing participated in strikes during the last day of the operation, VF-213 delivered four GBU-24’s with 100% accuracy (first combat use of the F-14D), VFA-22 and VFA-94 F/A-18s scored direct hits with eight GBU-16', while EA-6B’s from VAQ-135 and F/A-18s from VFA-97 provided AGM-88 support during the strike.Rausa, Zeno. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3834/is_199907/ai_n8861814/print Vinson CVW-11 Report: - "Wings of Gold"] - Association of Naval Aviation - (c/o FindArticles-BNET) - Summer 1999]

During the following three months, CVW-11 supported Operation Southern Watch, conducting 15 strikes during this period. On January 5, 1999, two F-14Ds launched two AIM-54 Phoenix missiles against two Iraqi MiG-25’s that violated the no-fly zone, as soon as the missiles were launched, the MiGs escaped home and the missiles failed to hit their targets, this was the first use of the missile in combat. On January 25, three aircraft from VFA-22 and VFA-94 employed the JSOW against a surface-to-air-missile complex which had plagued Coalition aircraft for nine years since the Gulf War, a total of 17 were dropped during missions over Iraq. During the deployment, VFA-22, VFA-94, VFA-97 and VF-213 dropped a total of 41,000 pounds of ordnance on SAM sites and communication sites, and additionally F/A-18s and EA-6Bs fired 20 HARMs. The Air Wing returned home safely in May 1999.

2000s

In 2001 another deployment followed, which was planned to support OSW, but soon after September 11, 2001, the Vinson and CVW-11 departed for the Indian Ocean and aircraft from the air wing as among the first to launch strikes against Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.

After returning home, CVW-11 was reassigned to Cruiser-Destroyer Group Five and the USS "Nimitz" (CVN-68) in January 2002. The Air Wing bid farewell to the F-14, as VF-213 changed air wings to Carrier Air Wing Eight. VFA-14 and VFA-41, whom had been part of CVW-8, had transitioned to the F/A-18 Super Hornet and was attached to CVW-11, and VFA-22 was sent to CVW-9. CVW-11 made its first deployment with the "Nimitz" in March 2003 supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom, as only the second air wing to deploy Super Hornets. The "Nimitz" remained on-station until September before returning home in November 2003.

After its return, VFA-97 was replaced by VMFA-232, and VS-29 flying the S-3B Viking was decommissioned. CVW-11 was among the first air wings deploying as the new “all-Hornet” air wing of the future, which included a flight deck certification of USS "Ronald Reagan" (CVN-76), during her maiden voyage from Norfolk, Virginia to San Diego, California. In may 2005, CVW-11 deployed on board the "Nimitz" supporting OIF and OEF and multinational exercises with Japan, Egypt and India until November 2005. This deployment was depicted in the documentary film Carrier.

In 2007 CVW-11 deployed on board the USS "Nimitz" for a WESTPAC cruise and participated in Operation Valiant Shield, a joint-force exercise in the vicinity of Guam.

On January 18, 2008, it was announced that CVW-11 would deploy on January 24 to the Pacific for a surge-deployment on board the "Nimitz". [ [http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=34414 "Nimitz Carrier Strike Group Set to Deploy"] - U.S. Navy - (c/o Navy.mil) - 1/18/2008] On February 11, during their 2008 WESTPAC cruise, a Russian Tu-95 bomber was intercepted by four F/A-18s as it flew 2000 feet over the USS "Nimitz". [ [http://edition.cnn.com/2008/US/02/11/russian.bomber/index.html "Russian bomber buzzes U.S. aircraft carrier"] - CNN - February 11, 2008] CVN-68/CVW-11 made a port visit to Busan, South Korea on February 28 in conjunction with military exercises Key Resolve/Foal Eagle. [ [http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=35305 "Nimitz CSG Ships Arrive in South Korea for Port Visits"] - U.S. Navy - (c/o Navy.mil) - 2/29/2008] On March 5, it was again reported that a Russian bomber overflew the "Nimitz" off the Korean coast, two F/A-18s were sent up and intercepted the Russian aircraft as it was three to five nautical miles from the carrier at a altitude of 2000 feet. [ [http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSN0564833620080305 "Russian bomber again intercepted near U.S. Navy ship"] - Reuters - March 3, 2008]

Current force

Fixed wing aircraft

*F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
*F/A-18 Hornet
*EA-6B Prowler
*E-2 Hawkeye
*C-2 Greyhound

Rotary wing aircraft

*SH-60F Seahawk
*HH-60H Seahawk

ee also

List of United States Navy Carrier air wings

References

External links

* [http://www.csfwp.navy.mil/cvw-11/ CVW-11] - U.S. Navy (Navy.mil)
* [http://www.news.navy.mil/local/CVW11/ Focus on Carrier Air Wing 11] - U.S. Navy (Navy.mil)


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