- The Canadas
Upper Canadaand Lower Canada, collectively referred to as the Canadas, were two British colonies in Canada. They were both created by the Constitutional Act of 1791and abolished in 1841 with the union of Upper and Lower Canada.
Their names reflected their positions relative to the headwaters of the
St. Lawrence River, the same relationship between Upper Egyptand Lower Egypt:
*Lower Canada covered the southern-eastern portion of the modern-day Province of
Quebec, Canada, and (until 1809) the Labradorregion of the modern-day Province of Newfoundland and Labrador
Upper Canadacovered what is now the southern portion of the Province of Ontarioin Canada, and the lands bordering Georgian Bayand Lake Superior.
*The northern part of the current provinces of Ontario and Quebec were at this time part of
The British colony of the Province of Quebec was divided by the
Constitutional Act of 1791into two separate provinces, with the Ottawa Riverforming a part of the border.
The creation of Upper Canada was in response to the desire expressed by recently arrived
United Empire Loyalistsettlers for British institutions and laws, especially British laws of land tenure.
The political structure of the colonies was changed after Lord Durham's 1838 "
Report on the Affairs of British North America" recommended they be merged into a single colonial province.
Lower Canada, Upper Canada and their legislatures were abolished by the British
Act of Union 1840of July 23, 1840 (which came into force in early 1841) and united as one political entity, the Province of Canada.
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