- Toffness device
The Toffness Device is a discredited instrument used by certain quack practitioners particularly among disreputable
chiropracticpractitioners. It may sometimes be referred to as a "sensometer".
The Toftness device was banned by the United States District Court in Wisconsin in January 1982. The Court issued a permanent nationwide injunction against the manufacturing, promoting, selling, leasing, distributing, shipping, delivering, or using in any way any "Toftness Radiation Detector". The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld a decision in 1984.
The basis for the United States government's case was that these devices were misbranded under the Food, Drug and cosmetic act, because they could not be used safely or effectively for their intended purposes.
List of pseudosciences and pseudoscientific concepts
* [http://www.chirobase.org/15News/dykema.html Disciplinary Action against Harold J. Dykema, D.C.]
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