Japanese Quail

Japanese Quail
Japanese Quail
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae
Genus: Coturnix
Species: C. japonica
Binomial name
Coturnix japonica
Temminck & Schlegel, 1849

The Japanese Quail, also known as Coturnix Quail, Coturnix japonica, is a species of Old World Quail found in East Asia. They are a migratory species, breeding in Manchuria, southeastern Siberia, northern Japan, and the Korean Peninsula, and wintering in the south of Japan and southern China. and southern Ukraine. They dwell in grasslands and cultivated fields. The plumage of the Japanese Quail is a speckled yellow-brown, with a creamy white strip above the eye. Adults are approximately 20 centimeters in length. The species is abundant across most of its range.

The Japanese quail is used mainly for table and egg production, and is a good dual purpose bird. Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kannur under Kerala Agricultural University has produced video album containing songs and visuals on Japanese Quail production under Creative Extension series.

Japanese quail eggs have orbited the Earth in several Soviet and Russian spacecraft, including the Bion 5 satellite and the Salyut 6 and Mir space stations.[1] In March 1990 eggs on Mir were successfully incubated and hatched.[2]


See also


  1. ^ Muneo Takaoki, “Model Animals for Space Experiments — Species Flown in the Past and Candidate Animals for the Future Experiments”, Biological Sciences in Space, Vol. 21, pp. 76-83 (2007).
  2. ^ T.S. Guryeva et al., "The quail embryonic development under the conditions of weightlessness", Acta Vet. Brno, Suppl. 6, 62, 1993: S 25-S 30.

Additional references

  • BirdLife International (2004). Coturnix japonica. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 13 January 2007. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  • Lee, Woo-Shin; Tae-Hoe Koo, Jin-Young Park; translated by Desmond Allen (2000). A field guide to the birds of Korea. Seoul: LG Evergreen Foundation. ISBN 89-951415-0-6. 

External links

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