 Coherent information

The coherent information is an entropy measure used in quantum information theory. It is a property of a quantum state ρ and a quantum channel ; intuitively, it attempts to describe how much of the quantum information in the state will remain after the state goes through the channel. In this sense, it is intuitively similar to the mutual information of classical information theory. The coherent information is written .
Definition
The coherent information is defined as where is the von Neumann entropy of the output and is the entropy exchange between the state and the channel.
History
The coherent information was introduced by Benjamin Schumacher and Michael A. Nielsen in a 1996 paper Quantum data processing and error correction, which appeared in Physical Review A.
References
 Nielsen, Michael A. and Isaac L. Chuang (2000). Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521635039
 Nielsen, Michael A. and Benjamin Schumacher (1996). Quantum data processing and error correction. Physical Review A., 54 (4), 26292635.
Categories: Quantum mechanical entropy
 Quantum information theory
 Physics stubs
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