Xibe language


Xibe language

language
name=Xibe
nativename=ᠰᡞᠪᡝ "sibe" [IPA|ɕivə] [Li 1986: 1]
states=China
region=Xinjiang
speakers=30,000
familycolor=Altaic
fam1=Altaic [Gordon, 2005 ( [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90009 Altaic] )] (disputed)
fam2=Tungusic
fam3=Southern
fam4=Southwestern
iso2=sjo|iso3=sjo

The Xibe language (also Sibo language, Xibo language) is a language of the Tungusic family spoken by members of the Xibe ethnic group in Xinjiang. It is intercomprehensible with the closely-related Manchu language; [Gordon 2005: [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=sjo Xibe] ] however, unlike Manchu, Xibe language is reported to have eight vowel distinctions as opposed to the six found in Manchu, differences in morphology, and a more complex system of vowel harmony. The general vocabulary and structure of Xibe has not been affected as much by Chinese as Manchu has. However, there are a number of Chinese loanwords, and a large body of sociological terminology, such as "gəming" (revolution) and "gungshə" (commune), have been borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the everyday vocabulary of the language. The language uses the Xibe script, a slightly revised version of the Manchu script. [Ramsey 1989: 215-216]

Xibe is taught as a second language by the Yili Teachers' College in the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture of northern Xinjiang. [YLTC 2006: [http://www.study-in-china.org/School/xinjiang/yltc/programs.asp] ]

Notes

References

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Further reading

*cite paper|title=A typological and Comparative study of Altaic languages with emphasis on XIBO Language: The part of XIBO Grammar|author=Kida Akiyoshi|date=2000
*cite journal|title=Phonological correspondences between literary Manchu and spoken Sibe|author=Jin, Ning|publisher=University of Washington|date=1994
*cite journal|title=俄国著名学者B·B·拉德洛夫用锡伯语复述记录的民间故事 (The Folktales Retold and Recorded in Xibo Language by the Famous Russian Scholar B.B. Radloff)|author=Tong Zhongming|date=2005|pages=60–63|issue=3|journal=Studies of Ethnic Literature|url=http://www.wanfangdata.net/qikan/periodical.articles/mzwxyj/mzwx2005/0503/050313.htm

External links

* [http://www.daicing.com/ Unicode Manchu/Sibe/Daur Fonts and Keyboards]
* [http://www.sibeculture.com/sibe/TopicOther.asp?t=5&BoardID=7&id=283 SibeCulture.com: Xibe-English-Chinese phrases]


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