12th Air Division (United States)


12th Air Division (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 12th Air Division


caption= 12th Air Division emblem
dates= 19 October 19406 March 1942
23 August 19429 October 1944
3 July 194727 June 1949
1 February 195131 July 1990
country= United States
allegiance=
branch= United States Air Force
type=
role=
size=
command_structure=
garrison= see "Stations" section below
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equipment= see "Aircraft / Missiles / Space vehicles" section below
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motto=
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march=
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battles=
anniversaries=
decorations= see "Lineage and honors" section below
battle_honours=
current_commander= see "Commanders" section below
current_commander_label= Commanders
ceremonial_chief=
ceremonial_chief_label=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=
notable_commanders=
identification_symbol=
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The 12th Air Division of the United States Air Force was a now inactive division] formed during World War II.

History

The wing operated in the Panama Canal Zone 20 November 19406 March 1942. It moved to England in November 1942, with assignment to the Eighth Air Force. All personnel and equipment were withdrawn in January 1943, and the organization did not serve in combat. As an Air Division, from February 1951, it conducted training for worldwide bombardment operations. From 1963–1984 and 1988–1990, it maintained an ICBM capability, conducted staff assistance visits, and monitored programs such as retention, domestic actions, and medical capabilities of its subordinate units.

Background of name

Mission

Assure unit Emergency War Order (EWO) capability and combat crew training conducted at Castle and Dyess Air Force bases, continually evaluate qualification training, direct correction or improvement when appropriate, and represent training concerns to higher headquarters.

Lineage and honors

Established as 12 Pursuit Wing on 19 October 1940.Activated on 20 November 1940.Inactivated on 6 March 1942.

Redesignated 12 Bombardment Wing on 23 August 1942.Activated on 8 September 1942.Disestablished on 9 October 1944.

Reestablished, and redesignated 12 Bombardment Wing, Light on 3 July 1947.Activated in the Reserve on 3 August 1947.Redesignated 12 Air Division, Bombardment on 16 April 1948.Inactivated on 27 June 1949.

Redesignated 12 Air Division on 1 February 1951.Organized on 10 February 1951.Discontinued on 16 June 1952.

Activated on 16 June 1952.Redesignated 12 Strategic Aerospace Division on 1 June 1962; 12 Strategic Missile Division on 30 June 1971; 12 Air Division on 1 March 1973.Inactivated on 31 July 1990.

Service streamers

This unit earned the following organizational service streamers:

World War II: American Theater;World War II: European African Middle Eastern (EAME) Theater

Campaign streamers

This unit earned the following organizational campaign streamers:

none

Armed forces expeditionary streamers

none

Decorations

This unit earned the following unit decorations:

none

Awards

none

Emblem

Or, a globe azure grid lined of the first between in dexter an airplane palewise ascending argent, exhaust gules and in sinister a missile palewise of the like, overall a gauntlet of the third, grasping an olive branch vert and a lightning flash of the fourth bend sinisterwise and two lightning flashes of the last bendwise, on a chief of the second per chevron inverted seme of mullets argent; all within a diminished bordure of argent (silver gray). (approved on 30 December 1988)

Assignments

VI Interceptor Command, 20 November 19406 March 1942.

Eighth Air Force, 8 September 1942;
VIII Bomber Command (later, Eighth Air Force), c. December 1942–9 October 1944.

Eleventh Air Force, 3 August 1947;
First Air Force, 1 July 1948;
Ninth Air Force, 23 February 194927 June 1949.

Fifteenth Air Force, 10 February 195116 June 1952.

Fifteenth Air Force, 16 June 1952;Eighth Air Force, 1 July 198931 July 1990.

Components

Wings:
* 6 Strategic Aerospace (later, 6 Strategic): 1 July 196525 March 1967; 2 July 196830 June 1971.
* 22 Bombardment (later, 22 Air Refueling): 10 February 19511 January 1962 (detached 5 September 19514 December 1951, 7 December 19535 March 1954, 1 April 19575 July 1957); 1 August 19721 October 1985.
* 28 Bombardment: 15 July 198831 July 1990.
* 44 Bombardment (later, 44 Strategic Missile): 10 February 19514 August 1951; 15 July 198831 July 1990.
* 55 Strategic Reconnaissance: 2 July 196630 June 1971; 1 October 19821 October 1985.
* 93 Bombardment: 1 October 198515 July 1988.
* 95 Bombardment: 1 July 196425 June 1966.
* 96 Bombardment: 1 July 197315 July 1988.
* 99 Strategic Weapons: 10 August 198931 July 1990.
* 100 Strategic Reconnaissance (later, 100 Air Refueling): 25 June 196630 June 1971; 1 August 197230 September 1976.
* 106 Bombardment: by September 1951–1952.
* 303 Bombardment: 15 March 196015 June 1964.
* 308 Strategic Missile: 30 June 19711 April 1973.
* 320 Bombardment: 1 December 195215 September 1960 (detached 3 June 19544 September 1954, 5 October 195611 January 1957); 23 January 1987–15 July 1988.
* 330 Bombardment: attached 1 May 195116 June 1951 (not operational for entire period).
* 381 Strategic Missile: 30 June 19711 July 1973.
* 384 Air Refueling: 1 December 19721 July 1973.
* 390 Bombardment (later, 390 Strategic Missile): 1 January 196231 July 1984.
* 4080 Strategic: 12 July 196325 June 1966.

Groups:
* 16 Pursuit: c.1 December 1940–c.6 March 1942.
* 32 Pursuit: c.1 January 1941–c.6 March 1942.
* 37 Pursuit: c.1 February 19406 March 1942.
* 53 Pursuit: c.1 January 19426 March 1942.
* 321 Bombardment: 17 October 194727 June 1949.
* 322 Bombardment: 17 October 194727 June 1949.

Squadron:
* 91 Air Refueling: 1 August 19721 December 1972.

Stations

Albrook Field, Canal Zone, 10 November 19406 March 1942.

MacDill Field (later, MacDill Air Force Base), Florida, 8 September 194228 November 1942;Gourock, Scotland, 15 December 194216 December 1942;Chelveston, England, c.17 December 194212 January 1943;Marks Hall, England, 12 January 19439 October 1944.

Cleveland Municipal Airport (later, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport), Ohio, 3 August 194727 June 1949.

March Air Force Base (later, March Air Reserve Base), California, 10 February 195116 June 1952.March Air Force Base, California, 16 June 1952;
Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, 1 January 1962;
Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, 30 September 1976;
Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, 15 July 198831 July 1990.

Aircraft / Missiles / Space vehicles

P-26 Peashooter, 1941-1942;
P-36 Hawk, 1941-1942;
P-38 Lightning, 1941-1942;
P-39 Airacobra, 1941-1942;
P-40 Warhawk, 1941-1942.

B-29 Superfortress, 1951-1952.

C-47 Skytrain, 1951;
TB-29 Superfortress, 1951.

B-29 Superfortress, 1952-1953;
KC-97 Stratotanker, 1952-1962;
B-47 Stratojet, 1953-1964;
YRB-47 Stratojet, 1953-1954;
B-52 Stratofortress, 1963-1967, 1972-1988;
KC-135 Stratotanker, 1963-1971, 1972-1988;
Titan II (LGM-25C), 1963-1984;
CH-3 Sea King, 1966-1971, 1972-1976;
DC-130 Hercules, 1966-1971, 1972-1976;
EB/RB-47 Stratojet, 1966-1967;
Q-147 Fire Fly / Lightning Bug (later, AQM-34) (drone), c. 1966-1971, 1972-1976;
RC-135, 1966-1971;
U-2 Dragon Lady, 1966-1971, 1972-1976;
WU-2 Dragon Lady, 1966-c. 1969;T-29 Flying Classroom, 1973;
KC-10 Extender, 1982-1985;
NKC-135 Stratotanker (test configured), 1983-1985;
B-1 Lancer, 1985-1990;
Minuteman II (LGM-30F), 1988-1990.

Commanders

*Brigadier General Adlai H. Gilkeson, 20 November 1940–c.6 March 1942.

*Unknown, 8 September 19429 September 1942;
*Second Lieutenant Leonard B. Flemmons Jr., c.10 September 1942;
*Major George M. Green, c.24 September 1942;
*Major Henry G. Silleck, c.17 November 1942;
*Major Thomas L. Dawson, c.25 November 1942–c.19 January 1943;
*None (not manned), c.20 January 19439 October 1944.

*Brigadier General Wiley D. Ganey, 10 February 1951;
*Brigadier General Howell M. Estes Jr., 1 March 195216 June 1952.

*Brigadier General Howell M. Estes Jr., 16 June 1952;
*Brigadier General Charles B. Westover, 23 July 1953;
*Colonel Frederic G. Huish, 23 February 1956;
*Colonel Willard W. Smith, 5 March 1956;
*Brigadier General Robert B. Miller, 12 January 1957;
*Colonel Robert J. Hughey, 8 May 1959;
*Colonel William C. Bacon, 1 January 1962;
*Brigadier General William C. Garland, 2 March 1964;
*Brigadier General Everett W. Holstrom, 1 July 1965;
*Brigadier General George P. Cole, 1 September 1966;
*Brigadier General Jack C. Ledford, 9 July 1968;
*Brigadier General John A. DesPortes, 30 September 1970;
*Brigadier General Harry M. Darmstandler, 29 February 1972;
*Brigadier General James S. Murphy, 2 February 1973;
*Brigadier General Raymond L. Haupt, 9 October 1973;
*Brigadier General Christopher S. Adams Jr., 1 December 1975;
*Brigadier General Dennis B. Sullivan, 17 July 1978;
*Brigadier General Pintard M. Dyer III, 28 May 1981;
*Brigadier General Walter E. Webb III, 1 August 1985;
*Brigadier General Robert M. Marquette Jr., 11 April 198731 July 1990.

ee also

* First Air Force
* Ninth Air Force

References

External links

* [http://www.maxwell.af.mil/au/afhra/rso/airdivision_pages/0012ad.asp Air Force Historical Research Agency: 12th Air Division]


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