Josiah Begole


Josiah Begole

Infobox Governor
name= Josiah Begole


caption=
order= 19th
office= Governor of Michigan
term_start= January 1, 1883
term_end= January 1, 1885
lieutenant= Moreau S. Crosby
predecessor= David Jerome
successor= Russell Alger
birth_date= January 20, 1815
birth_place= Groveland, New York
death_date= June 5, 1896
death_place= Flint, Michigan
spouse= Harriet A. Miles
party=Democrat
religion=Presbyterian

Josiah Williams Begole (January 20, 1815ndash June 5, 1896) was a U.S. Representative and Governor of the U.S. state of Michigan.

Early life in New York

Begole was born in Groveland, New York. His ancestors were French Huguenots who emigrated to the United States in the last quarter of the 18th century to escape religious persecution and settled in Hagerstown, Maryland. Josiah's father, William (1786-1862) was born there and moved to Livingston County, New York in 1802. William served in the War of 1812 and married the daughter of an American Revolutionary War veteran. Three of Williams sons, including Josiah, the eldest, eventually moved to Genesee County, Michigan. He attended the public schools in Mount Morris and Temple Hill Academy in Geneseo, New York.

Life and Politics in Michigan

Begole moved to Flint, Michigan in the in August 1836 and taught school in 1837 and 1838. In the spring of 1839, he married Harriet A. Miles. He engaged in agricultural pursuits from 1839 to 1856 and was school inspector, justice of the peace and township treasurer. Being an anti-slavery man, he became a member of the Republican party at its organization. He was county treasurer 1856-1864. He was briefly engaged in the lumber business in 1863. His eldest son was killed during the American Civil War near Atlanta, Georgia in 1864, and was the greatest sorrow of his life.

He was a member of the Michigan Senate in 1870 and 1871, and a member of the Flint City Council for three years. During that time, he served on the Committees of Finance and Railroads, and was Chairman of the Committee on the Institute for the Deaf and Dumb and Blind. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention at Philadelphia in 1872 to re-nominate U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant and to nominate Henry Wilson as the new Vice President.

Begole was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 6th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives for the 43rd Congress, serving from March 41873 to March 3 1875. During that time, he was a member of the Committee on Agricultural and Public Expenditures. He was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1874 and resumed the lumber business. He later engaged in the manufacture of wagons and also engaged in banking.

Governor

In 1882, Begole was gubernatorial candidate of the Greenback and Democratic parties, defeating the Republican incumbent David Jerome by over 7,000 votes. He served one term from 1883 to 1885. As a former Republican who ousted a Republican incumbent, Begole faced many obstacles with a Republican-dominated legislature. As a result, the establishment of the state bureau of labor statistics was of the few acts that was approved. He ran for re-election in 1884, but was defeated by Republican Russell Alger, after which he resumed his former business activities.

He was an early activist for women's suffrage, and in 1884 Begole became vice president of the first statewide suffrage organization, the Michigan Equal Suffrage Association.

Retirement and death

Begole died at the age of eighty-one in Flint and is interred in Glenwood Cemetery there.

References

* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/beetle-belch.html#R9M0IP4HZ The Political Graveyard]
* [http://www.memoriallibrary.com/MI/LivIngPB/gov~144-182.htm#Begole Begole's biography] from the public domain "Portrait & Biographical Album of Ingham and Livingston Counties, Michigan", published Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1891
* [http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=5b5a9ff1d69f2010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD National Governors Association]


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