Adamawa State

Adamawa State
Adamawa State
—  State  —
Nickname(s): Land of Beauty
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 9°20′N 12°30′E / 9.333°N 12.5°E / 9.333; 12.5
Country  Nigeria
Capital Yola
Established 27 August 1991
 – Governor Murtala Hammanyero Nyako (PDP)
 – Senators Jibril Mohammed Aminu, Mohammed Mana, Grace Bent
 – National Assembly delegates List
 – Total 36,917 km2 (14,253.7 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 – Total 3,737,223
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Geocode NG-AD
GDP (2007) $4.58 billion[1]
GDP Per Capita $1,417[1]
Official language

Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. It was formed in 1991 from part of Gongola State with four administrative divisions namely: Adamawa, Ganye, Mubi and Numan. It is one of the thirty-six (36) States which constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.



Adamawa is one of the largest states of Nigeria and occupies about 36,917 square kilometres. It is bordered by the states of Borno to the northwest, Gombe to the west and Taraba to the southwest. Its eastern border also forms the national eastern border with Cameroon. Topographically, it is a mountainous land crossed by the large river valleys - Benue, Gongola and Yedsarem. The valleys of Cameroon, Mandara and Adamawa mountains form part of the landscape.


The major occupation of the people is farming as reflected in their two notable vegetational zones, tile Sub-Sudan and Northern Guinea Savannah Zone. Their cash crops are cotton and groundnuts while food crops include maize, yam, cassava, guinea corn, millet and rice. The village communities living on the banks of the rivers engage in fishing while the Fulanis are cattle rearers. The state has network of roads linking all parts of the country.

The development of many communities in the State can be traced to the colonial era when the Germans ruled the Ganye area in the 19th century. These were however forfeited to the British at the end of the scramble for Africa at the Berlin Conference.


Emirate of Adamawa

Before it became a state in Nigeria Adamawa was a subordinate kingdom of the Sultanate of Sokoto which also included much of northern Cameroon. The rulers bear the title of Emir (Lamido in the local language, Fulfulde). The name "Adamawa" came from the founder of the kingdom, Modibbo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad organized by Usumaanu dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804.

Modibbo Adama came from the region of Gurin (now just a small village) and in 1806 received a green flag for leading the jihad in his native country. In the following years Adama conquered many lands and tribes. In 1838 he moved his capital to Ribadu, and in 1839 to Joboliwo. In 1841 he founded Yola where he died in 1848. After the European colonization (first by Germany and then by Britain) the rulers remained as Emirs, and the line of succession has continued to the present day.

Amirs of Yola have included:

  • Modibbo Adama ben Hassan 1809-1848
  • Lawalu ben Adama 1848-1872 (son of the previous)
  • Sanda ben Adama 1872-1890 (brother of the previous)
  • Zubayru ben Adama 1890-1901 (brother of the previous)
  • Bibbo Ahmadu ben Adama 1901-1909 (brother of the previous)
  • Iya ben Sanda 1909-1910 (son of Sanda ben Adama)
  • Muhammadu Abba 1910-1924 (son of Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama)
  • Muhammadu Bello ben Ahmadu ben Hamidu ben Adamu 1924-1928
  • Mustafa ben Muhammadu Abba 1928-1946 (son of Muhammadu Abba)
  • Ahmadu ben Muhammadu Bello 1946-1953
  • Aliyu Mustafa 1953- 2010
  • Muhammadu Barkindo Aliyu Musdafa incumbent (son of the previous)

Sites of Interest

  • Mubi
  • Nuhu Auwalu Wakili's Palace


There are twenty-one local government areas (LGAs):

  • Fufore
  • Ganye
  • Gombi
  • Guyuk
  • Hong
  • Jada
  • Shelleng
  • Song
  • Mubi South
  • Yola North (State capital)
  • Yola South
  • Girei
  • Toungo
  • Lamurde


External links

  • Articles, photographs, and art from Adamawa State

Coordinates: 9°20′N 12°30′E / 9.333°N 12.5°E / 9.333; 12.5

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adamawa State — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Adamawa State Country and Admin Code NG.35 NG …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Christianity in Adamawa State — Christianity is half the population in Nigerian Adamawa State, where Sharia is not valid. There have been people dying in Nigerian sectarian violence between Christians and Muslims. [1] The state has the Roman Catholic Diocese of Yola. Ekklesiyar …   Wikipedia

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  • Adamawa Emirate — Adamawa or the Adamawa Emirate was a traditional emirate located in Fumbina, what is now the Adamawa State, Nigeria and the three northern provinces of Cameroon (Far North, North, and Adamawa). It was founded by Modibbo Adama, a commander of… …   Wikipedia

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  • Adamawa — I. /ædəˈmawə/ (say aduh mahwuh) noun a small group of western African languages, forming a branch of the Niger Congo family. II. /ædəˈmawə/ (say aduh mahwuh) noun a state in eastern Nigeria. 91 390 km2. Capital: Yola …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nigerian National Assembly delegation from Adamawa — The Nigerian National Assembly delegation from Adamawa comprises three Senators representing Adamawa North, Adamawa Central, and Adamawa South, and eight Representatives representing Jada/Ganye/Mayo , Belwa/Toungo, Guyuk/Shelleng, Hong/Igombi,… …   Wikipedia

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  • État d'Adamawa — 9°20′N 12°30′E / 9.333, 12.5 …   Wikipédia en Français