official_name = Assen
image_size = 250px
image_caption = Assen railway station
mapsize = 280px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
area_footnotes = (2006)
area_total_km2 = 83.48
area_land_km2 = 82.09
area_water_km2 = 1.39
1 January, 2007
population_note = Source: CBS, [http://statline.cbs.nl/ Statline] .
settlement_type = Municipality
population_total = 64320
population_density_km2 = 784
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 53
latm = 0
latNS = N
longd = 6
longm = 33
longEW = E
Assen (Pronunciation|028 Assen.ogg) is a
municipalityand a cityin the north eastern Netherlands, capital of the provinceof Drenthe.
Assen received city rights in 1809.
Assen's main claim to fame is the
TT Circuit Assenthe motorcycle racing circuit, where on the last Saturday in June the Dutch TTis run.
In November of each year Assen becomes the centre of international attention for the world of Ballroom and Latin American dancers when the city hosts the Assen Dance Festival which includes the "Dutch Open Championships". This is an Open event for dancers from all countries and all dance bodies and a magnet for those who are or aspire to be "the best".
Assen is also the capital of the "Cycling Province" of the Netherlands,
Drenthe. There are many high quality cycle paths in the city and surroundings and it is host to regular cycling events such as the Drentse fietsvierdaagseand the Jeugdtour. In 2009 the prologue and opening stage of the Vuelta a Españawill be in Assen.
The history of the
capitalof Drenthecan be traced back to at least 1258, when a new location had to be found for the Maria in Campis monastery, which was originally built near Coevordenas a penalty for the slaughter -in 1227- of the army of the Bishop of Utrecht at the hands of Drenthe's peasants, in what has come to be known as the Battle of Ane. A battle, incidentally, in which the Bishop was killed. His successor ordered the monastery to be built as a penalty. As this monastery was located in a barren peatarea, which also happened to floodfrom time to time, a better location had to be found. A better and especially dryer spot for the Cistercian monasterywas found in an area known as Witten, where at the time only a few farms were located. Around it were villagecommunities like Deurze, Witten en Peelo. The latter has a history which goes back to the times from when Dolmenswere built, but is presently situated between two new districts of Assen.The 'relocated' monastery probably was erected in the 1260s, and over the centuries Assen developed around it.
monasterywas built at what now is the Brink (i.e. grassy area which serves as a symbolic municipal centre) of Assen. At the locations of the monasterynow stands the Drents Museum, which was built in 1882 as 'provinciehuis' (i.e. the residence of provincial government). Only the Abdijkerk( Abbeychurch), monastery terrain and bits and pieces of walls remind us of the religious beginnings of the city.
Coat of Arms
The Coat of Arms is directly borrowed from the seal of the
monastry. Just like the coat of arms of the province of Drenthe- in both cases Mary with child - but Jesusswitches knee. At the same time it tells you how the history of the cityis connected with the provincial governing board. Which has to do with the fact that around 1600 the abbeygoods were secularised. Maria in Campisno longer existed, but the buildings did. Because of the central position of Assen and the fact that the governmentfrom what was then called 'de Landschap Drenthe' (the Landscape Drenthe) was searching for a location for the governmentand civil servants, Assen became seat for, and basically also capitalof Drenthe.
Assen really wasn't a
municipalityyet, not even ecclesiastical sense. Even though there was an abbeychurch, Assen fell ecclesiastically and administratively under Rolde. In 1615 Assen got its own preacher. In 1807 Assen administratively freed itself from the control of Roldewhen the villagegot to establish its own municipal authorities. A municipal authority which moreover in most cases operated in the shadow of the provincial government, which always manifested itself prominent in the 'Drentse Haagje'. The municipal authority mainly got there because of matter of provincial governors like governor Petrus Hofstede,to which the cityalso thanks its uniquely located park(in the center of the city). From that time Assen also obtained its significant nickname, 'het Herenbolwerk'.
Assen currently has about 65.000 inhabitants, but it only got a real
cityscope after World War II. But it has been an official citysince 1809. After Coevorden, the then villageof about sixteen hundred people became the second place in Drenthewith city rights, granted by King Lodewijk Napoleon, who had big plans with the village. A plan to make it a real citywas set up at the time, but unfortunately for Assen, the Kingdom of the Netherlandsgot incorporated with Franceof Napoleon Bonaparteand the plans were abandoned.
As administrative centre, Assen attracted well-to-do inhabitants and with that also new enterprises and
initiatives, these contributed to slow but steady increase of commerce, wealth and new establishments; such as a newspaperprinting in 1823, a Latin schoolin 1825, a postal service on Groningen in 1830, a courtin 1840, a first beginning for a garrisonin 1852 and a railwaystation in 1870. Another major achievement was the Drentse Hoofdvaart (Canal)which was used for transporting peat and other goods. (On either side of the canal, stately homes were built by the initiators) and the opening of the Noord-Willemskanaal (North-Willems canal) in 1861. The most important monumentsof the cityare from the nineteenth century.
Around the 1900 Assen began to play a more prominent industrial role. It was originally a centre of
civilservants, but the establishment of a slaughter house, dairyfactory and ironfoundry created more diverse expansion opportunities and encouraged growth. Around 1930 Assen became a central point for health care in the province, by establishing various psychiatric hospitals and healthcare centres.
After WWII, Assen didn't have more than 20,000 inhabitants. The "Assen TT" made the
citymore widely known, but it wasn't until the 1950s with the development of an industrial core did Assen begin to grow much more quickly. The 'Nederlands Aardolie Maatschappij' (Dutch Oil Company) established itself in the cityand with that, a trend was set. Now, Assen isn't only known because of its TT, Bartjeen the 'Drentse Rijwielvierdaagse'. It also is the fastest growing city in the northern part of the Netherlands, has ample employmentopportunities, particularly in the service industry. An unprecedented growth of the city in terms of houses & inhabitants is taking place with environmental issues becoming more urgent.
The city has progressively become more cycle friendly since the 1960s.
Notable people born in Assen
Klenie Bimolt(born 1945), breaststroke swimmer
John-Paul Langbroek(born 1961), politician
* Peter Hoekstra (born 1973), football (soccer) player
Inge Dekker(born 1985), butterfly and freestyle swimmer
TT Circuit Assenis on of the most famous motorcycle racing circuits in the world and is the only circuit that has been in the MotoGP calendar since it's beginnings in 1949. It is also regarded as the Cathedral of Motorcycle Racing.
* [http://www.assen.nl Official website]
* [http://www.kaartassen.nl/ Map of Assen]
* [http://www.tt-assen.com TT Circuit Assen]
* [http://www.nam.nl NAM Dutch Oil Company]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Assen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Assen Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Assen — Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Assen — es la capital de la provincia de Drente, el cual se localiza en el norte de los Países Bajos. Assen tiene alrededor de 62.645 habitantes (2005). * * * ► C. de los Países Bajos, cap. de la prov. de Drenthe; 49 650 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Assen — Assen, Hauptstadt an dem mit der Zuydersee in Verbindung stehenden Smildekanal in der niederl. Provinz Drenthe, Getreidehandel; 2800 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Assen — Assen, Hauptstadt der niederländ. Provinz Drenthe, an der Staatsbahnlinie Meppel Groningen und am Dreutsche Hoofd Kanal, der durch die Schmilde nach Meppel führt, hat ein Gymnasium, eine höhere Bürgerschule, Bezirksgericht, Handelskammer, Museum… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Assen — Assen, Hauptstadt der niederländ. Prov. Drenthe, (1899) 11.191 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Assen — Assen, Hauptort der holländ. Prov. Drenthe, 3000 E., durch einen Kanal mit der Zuydersee in Verbindung; reicher und schöner Ort … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Assen — Gemeinde Assen Flagge Wappen Provinz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Assen — The city of Assen, currently with about 62,000 inhabitants, was founded in the 13th century as a small village near a monastery. During the period of the Dutch Republic, Assen became the seat of the government of the province of Drenthe, and… … Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands
Assen — Original name in latin Assen Name in other language Asen, Asenas, Asningseli, Asningsli, Asse, Assen, Gorad Asen, a sen, aseon, asn, assen, xas sein, Асен, Ассен, Горад Асен State code NL Continent/City Europe/Amsterdam longitude 52.99667… … Cities with a population over 1000 database