Proclamation of Islaz

Proclamation of Islaz
The 1849 Proclamation of Islaz written in Romanian Cyrillic.

The Proclamation of Islaz (Romanian: Proclamaţia de la Islaz) was the program adopted on June 9, 1848 by Romanian revolutionaries. It was written by Ion Heliade Rădulescu. On June 11, under pressure from the masses, Domnitor Gheorghe Bibescu was forced to accept the terms of the proclamation and recognise the provisional revolutionary government.

Provisions

The Proclamation of Islaz has the form and value of a constitutional act. Between these 22 provisions are notably:

  • The independence of the administration and legisalature.
  • Separation of powers.
  • Equal rights of the people.
  • The election of a responsible domnitor for a period of 5 years.
  • Reduction of the civil lists of the domnitor.
  • Emancipation of the Jews and all other compatriots belonging to other rites.
  • Emancipation of the Gypsies.
  • Equal instruction.
  • Creation of a system of prisons.
  • Creation of a national guard.

The location of Islaz (now in Teleorman County, then in Romanaţi County) was a small port on the Danube with some commercial significance, which, unlike the ports of Turnu Măgurele, Giurgiu and Calafat, was not under the direct control of the Turks.



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