Lungi


Lungi

The lungi (Bengali: লুঙ্গি [ˈluŋgi] ) is a garment worn around the waist in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar (formerly Burma). While its origin is found in South Indian culture, it is worn by diverse communities across Southern Asia.

Design and usage

The standard adult lungi is 115cm in height and 200cm in length, when open. It is normally woven from cotton in a variety of designs and colors. The most common styles are either solid-colored or plaid, partly since these patterns are cheaper to produce with a loom. Blue is a particularly popular, since it fades to pleasant tones in contrast to other colors. Regardless of the design or color, lungis are often lined at the top and bottom with a black/white stripe containing a heat-sealing resin to prevent fraying. Unlike dhotis, which are linear like sheets, lungis are sewn into a tube shape like a skirt. Depending on local tradition, lungis can be worn by men and/or women, are tied or fastened in various ways, and can be used in different cultural activities, ranging from normal daily life to elaborate wedding ceremonies. For daily purposes, a simple double knot is most popular, since it is least likely to slip or come undone. The lungi is thought to be quite comfortable, as its length can be adjusted rather easily. It is particularly popular in regions where the heat and humidity create an unpleasant climate for trousers.

Regional variations

Bangladesh and West Bengal

The lungi is the most commonly-seen dress of Bangladeshi men, although it is not normally worn on formal occasions. In Bangladesh, lungis are worn by most men on a daily basis, although elaborately-designed cotton, batik, or silk lungis are also often presented as wedding gifts to the groom. In Bangladesh, the lungi industry is concentrated in Khulna, and leading brands include ATM, Smart, and Alphabet Textiles. Bengali women do not traditionally wear lungis, although non-Bengali tribal women do wear similar garments in some parts of southeastern Bangladesh. In neighboring West Bengal, the lungi is fast replacing the "dhoti" as the most popular men's garment for everyday wear. Some Bengali men avoid wearing the lungi, considering it to be too informal or inappropriate, despite the fact that it is both ubiquitous and comfortable. Despite the fact that the usage of lungi is declining slowly, it is still the most common male attire in rural Bangladesh.

The lungi (Bengali: লুঙ্গি [ˈluŋgi] ) is a garment worn around the waist in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar (formerly Burma). While its origin is found in South Indian culture, it is worn by diverse communities across Southern Asia.

Design and usage

The standard adult lungi is 115cm in height and 200cm in length, when open. It is normally woven from cotton in a variety of designs and colors. The most common styles are either solid-colored or plaid, partly since these patterns are cheaper to produce with a loom. Blue is a particularly popular, since it fades to pleasant tones in contrast to other colors. Regardless of the design or color, lungis are often lined at the top and bottom with a black/white stripe containing a heat-sealing resin to prevent fraying. Unlike dhotis, which are linear like sheets, lungis are sewn into a tube shape like a skirt. Depending on local tradition, lungis can be worn by men and/or women, are tied or fastened in various ways, and can be used in different cultural activities, ranging from normal daily life to elaborate wedding ceremonies. For daily purposes, a simple double knot is most popular, since it is least likely to slip or come undone. The lungi is thought to be quite comfortable, as its length can be adjusted rather easily. It is particularly popular in regions where the heat and humidity create an unpleasant climate for trousers.

Regional variations

Bangladesh and West Bengal

The lungi is the most commonly-seen dress of Bangladeshi men, although it is not normally worn on formal occasions. In Bangladesh, lungis are worn by most men on a daily basis, although elaborately-designed cotton, batik, or silk lungis are also often presented as wedding gifts to the groom. In Bangladesh, the lungi industry is concentrated in Khulna, and leading brands include ATM, Smart, and Alphabet Textiles. Bengali women do not traditionally wear lungis, although non-Bengali tribal women do wear similar garments in some parts of southeastern Bangladesh. In neighboring West Bengal, the lungi is fast replacing the "dhoti" as the most popular men's garment for everyday wear. Some Bengali men avoid wearing the lungi, considering it to be too informal or inappropriate, despite the fact that it is both ubiquitous and comfortable. Despite the fact that the usage of lungi is declining slowly, it is still the most common male attire in rural Bangladesh.

outh India

In Kerala the lungi, locally known as "Kaili" or "Kalli Mundu", is worn by both men and women. It is considered a casual dress or working dress of physical labourers. Lungis are generally colourful, and with varying designs. The plain white version of a lungi is known as a mundu. For more ceremonial occasions (like weddings), mundus often bear a golden embroidery known as "kasavu". Lungis are not used during occasions such as weddings or other religious ceremonies. Saffron-coloured mundus are also known as "kaavi mundu".

Coloured lungi is called "Munda" in central Karnataka. Plain white double folded cloth similar to lungi is called a panche. Panche as opposed to lungi is worn during formal ceremonies. These are also used in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Lungis made in kalamkari,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalamkari, art are more popular.

Lungis also comes in two types: Open Lungi, which is basically a piece of cloth wrapped around, and Closed Lungi, which is stitched to form a sort of a 'tube'. In Kerala open lungi is more popular.

Kerala men folk generally tuck up their mundus or lungis. The bottom of the garment is pulled up and tied back on to the waist. This would make the mundu or lungi only cover the body from the waist to the knees. In this fashion it somewhat resembles a kilt, but without pleats.

In Tamil Nadu, only the men wear this garment, and the usage is similar to Kerala's. It is also known as "Kaili" or "Saaram/Chaaram" in South Tamilnadu.

Lungis manufactured in Tamil Nadu are all set to enter European markets [ [http://www.hindu.com/2008/07/07/stories/2008070759460900.htm The Hindu : Tamil Nadu News : Lungis from Kurunjipadi set to enter European market too ] ] , although how hip Europeans react to the ultra-casual Lungi remains to be seen.

Myanmar

In Myanmar, the lungi is called longyi in Burmese. For men, the lungi is known as a "paso", and for women, it is known as a "htamain". Lungis of different fabrics, including cotton and silk, are worn for informal and formal occasions.

Yemen

In Yemen, the garment is called a Ma'awiis and is worn by males of all ages.

omalia

In Somalia, the Hoosgunti is a fixture amongst males. It however is associated more with elder males who wear it with a kuufi baraawe, but is commonly worn by many Somalis while relaxing at home. The traditional colour is plain white, but because of Asian influence and location of Somalia on the Spice Route, colourful Asian-style lunghis have been introduced to the country.

References

ee also

* Indian Dress
* Skirt, Kilt, Sarong, Kanga
* Longyi
* Dothi
* Mundu

Myanmar

In Myanmar, the lungi is called longyi in Burmese. For men, the lungi is known as a "paso", and for women, it is known as a "htamain". Lungis of different fabrics, including cotton and silk, are worn for informal and formal occasions.

Yemen

In Yemen, the garment is called a Ma'awiis and is worn by males of all ages.

omalia

In Somalia, the Hoosgunti is a fixture amongst males. It however is associated more with elder males who wear it with a kuufi baraawe, but is commonly worn by many Somalis while relaxing at home. The traditional colour is plain white, but because of Asian influence and location of Somalia on the Spice Route, colourful Asian-style lunghis have been introduced to the country.

References

ee also

* Indian Dress
* Skirt, Kilt, Sarong, Kanga
* Longyi
* Dothi
* Mundu


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • lungi — LUNGÍ, lungesc, vb. IV. 1. refl. şi tranz. A (se) face mai lung; a (se) întinde. ♢ expr. (refl.) A i se lungi (cuiva) urechile (de foame) = a răbda de multă vreme de foame, a fi foarte flămând. A i se lungi (cuiva) ochii (sau căutătura) a drum =… …   Dicționar Român

  • Lungi — steht für: eine Stadt in Sierra Leone, siehe Lungi (Sierra Leone) ein Kleidungsstück („Wickelrock“) in Indien, Bangladesch, Sri Lanka und Myanmar, siehe Lungi (Kleidung) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lungi — (o lunge) avv. [lat. longe, avv. di longus lungo ], lett. [che si trova a grande distanza] ▶◀ e ◀▶ [➨ lontano avv.]. ▼ Perifr. prep.: lungi da ▶◀ (ben) lontano da. [⍈ lontano] …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • lungi — [looŋ′gē, luŋ′gē] n. [Hindi & Pers lungī] in India, a) a long cloth used for loincloths, scarves, turbans, etc. b) a loincloth …   English World dictionary

  • lungi — lùn·gi avv. LE lontano nello spazio o nel tempo: il dì s appressa, e non pote esser lunge (Petrarca) {{line}} {{/line}} VARIANTI: lunge. DATA: av. 1374. ETIMO: lat. lŏnge, der. di longus lungo . POLIREMATICHE: dalla lungi: loc.avv. OB LE da lungi …   Dizionario italiano

  • lungi — {{hw}}{{lungi}}{{/hw}}A avv. (lett.) Lontano | Da, di –l, da lontano: vengono da –l. B ¡ nella locuz. prep. lungi da (lett.), lontano da (anche fig.): è ben lungi dalla verità …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • lungi — UK [ˈlʊŋɡiː] / US [ˈlʊnɡɪ] noun [countable] Word forms lungi : singular lungi plural lungis a piece of cloth that you wrap around your waist like a long skirt …   English dictionary

  • lungi — /loong gee, loon jee/, n. 1. a cloth used as a turban, scarf, sarong, etc., in India, Pakistan, and Burma. 2. a loincloth worn by men in India. Also, lungee, lungyi, longyi. [1625 35; < Hindi lungi < Pers] * * * …   Universalium

  • lungi — lun|gi [ lungi ] noun count INDIAN ENGLISH a piece of cloth that you wrap around your waist like a long skirt …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lungi — /lʊŋˈgi/ (say loong gee) noun a traditional garment worn by Indian men, comprising a piece of fabric wrapped around the lower part of the body, extending from the hips to the ankles. Also, lungee. {Hindustani lungī, from Persian} …   Australian English dictionary