Glasgow St Enoch rail accident


Glasgow St Enoch rail accident

The Glasgow St Enoch rail accident occurred on 27 July, 1903. [cite web | url = http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/BoT_StEnoch1903.pdf | title = Accident Returns: Extract for Accident at Glasgow St Enoch on 27th July 1903
accessdate = 2008-02-10
] A train arriving at the St Enoch terminal station failed to stop in time and collided heavily with the buffer stop, sustaining severe damage. Sixteen people were killed and 27 injured. This was the worst buffer stop collision on British main line railways, though exceeded by the Moorgate tragedy on the London Underground.

Collisions with buffer stops have frequently occurred over the years, the most recent fatal one in the UK being at London Cannon Street in 1992. However, normally they occur at very low speed, less than 5 mph. The severity of the St Enoch accident was because the collision speed was as high as 15-20 mph. An inexperienced driver on a special train from Ardrossan was signalled into a platform which he did not realise was much shorter than the others, terminating short of the overall roof and well short of the main concourse. He therefore braked much too late. The solid masonry platform behind the buffer stops presented an immovable barrier and two coaches were completely telescoped.

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