- Carl Milles
Carl Milles, born "Carl Emil Wilhelm Andersson" son of lieutenant "Emil "Mille" Andersson" and his wife "Walborg Tisell", (
June 23 1875– September 19 1955) was a Swedish sculptor, best known for his fountains. He was married to Olga Millesand brother to Ruth Millesand half brother to the architect Evert Milles.
Carl Milles sculpted the Poseidon statue in
Gothenburg, the Gustaf Vasa statue at the Nordiska museet, the Orfeus group outside the Stockholm Concert Halland the Folke Filbytersculpture in Linköping. The latter was featured on a stamp issued in 1975, commemorating the fact that he would have turned a hundred years old that year. Millesgårdenbecame his last home and is now a museum.
Milles' career in Paris and Sweden
Milles was born Carl Wilhelm Andersson outside Uppsala in 1875. In 1897 he made what he thought would be a temporary stop in Paris on his way to Chile, where he was due to manage a school of gymnastics. However, he remained in Paris, where he studied art, working in Auguste Rodin's studio and slowly gaining recognition as a sculptor. In 1904 he and Olga moved to Munich.
Two years later they settled in Sweden, buying property on Herserud Cliff on
Lidingö, a large island near Stockholm. Millesgarden was built there between 1906 and 1908 as the sculptor's private residence and workspace. It was turned into a foundation and donated to the Swedish people in 1936, five years after Milles had sailed for America and the Cranbrook Academy of Artin Bloomfield Hills.
Milles goes to America
In 1931, American publisher
George Gough Boothbrought Milles to Cranbrook Educational Community, in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, to serve as his sculptor in residence. [ [http://info.detnews.com/redesign/history/story/historytemplate.cfm?id=39&CFID=6667146&CFTOKEN=45521831 Carl Milles sculptures, Detroit News.] ] Part of Booth's arrangement with his principal artists was that they were expected to create major commissions outside the Cranbrook environment. By the time Milles left America for the last time over twenty years later he had dotted the American landscape with his works.
Milles' fountain group "The Wedding of the Waters" in
St. Louis, Missourisymbolizes the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers merging just upstream. Commissioned in 1936 and unveiled in May 1940 to a crowd of about 3000 people, the fountain caused a local uproar because of its playful, irreverent, naked, and nearly cartoonish figures, and because Milles had conceived the group as a wedding party with undeniable sexual overtones. Local officials insisted that the name be changed to "The Meeting of the Waters".
Outside the Detroit's Frank Murphy Hall of Justice is a Carl Milles statue, "The Hand of God", which was sculpted in honor of
Frank Murphy, Detroit Mayor, Michigan Governorand United States Supreme Court Associate Justice. The statue was placed on a pedestal with the help of sculptor Marshall Fredericks. The statue was commissioned by the United Automobile Workers[ [http://info.detnews.com/redesign/history/story/historytemplate.cfm?id=165&CFID=9996651&CFTOKEN=10972844 Monumental Sculptures of Detroit, Detroit News.] ] , and paid for by individual donations from UAW members. [ [http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?uri=full=3100001~!298872!0 Art Inventory, "The Hand of God" by Carl Milles.] ]
Milles' sculptures sometimes offended American sensibilities, and he had a 'fig leaf' maker on retainer. [ [http://info.detnews.com/redesign/history/story/historytemplate.cfm?id=39&CFID=6667146&CFTOKEN=45521831 Carl Milles sculptures, Detroit News.] ]
Milles' final resting place
Milles and his wife returned to Sweden in 1951, and lived in Millesgården every summer until Milles's death in 1955. They spent winters in Rome, where the American Academy had supplied them with a studio. Milles and his wife, Olga, who died in 1967 in Graz, Austria, are buried in a small stone chapel, designed by Milles, at Millesgården. Because Swedish law requires burial on sacred ground, it took the assistance of the then reigning Gustaf VI Adolf to allow this resting place. The king, a friend of Milles's and a keen gardener, had helped plant a garden at the site.
elected American works
*WWJ Building, Albert Kahn architect, Detroit, Michigan 1936
Vision of Peace (Indian God of Peace)", Saint Paul City Hall and Ramsey County Courthouse, Holabird & Root architects, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1936
*Racine County Court House, Holabird & Root architects,
*Doors of Finance Building,
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1938
*"Meeting of the Waters",
St. Louis, Missouri1936 – 1940
*"On a Sunday Morning,"
Ann Arbor, Michigan1941
*Numerous works at
Cranbrook Educational Community, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, including " Mermaids & Tritons Fountain", 1930, " Sven Hedin on a Camel", 1932, " Jonah and the Whale Fountain", 1932, " Orpheus Fountain", 1936.Baulch, Vivian M. (September 6, 1999). [http://info.detnews.com/redesign/history/story/historytemplate.cfm?id=39 Carl Milles, Cranbrook's favorite sculptor] . Michigan History, "The Detroit News". Retrieved on November 23, 2007.]
*"Fountain of Faith", National Memorial Gardens,
Falls Church, Virginia1952
*"The Sunsinger", National Memorial Gardens,
Falls Church, Virginia1952
*"Spirit of Transportation", Detroit Civic Center,
*"Volker Memorial Fountain",
Kansas City, Missouri1955
*"Triton Blowing on a Shell",
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
*"Pegasus and Man", Bryan St., Harwood St.,
ources and references
*Kvaran, Einar E., "An Annoted Inventory of Outdoor Sculpture in Washtenaw County", Masters Thesis 1989
*Liden, Elisabeth," Between Water and Heaven, Carl Milles Search for American Commissions", Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm, Sweden 1986
*Martenson, Gunilla, "A Stockholm Sculpture Garden," New York Times, Dec.27,1987.
*Nawrocki, Dennis and Thomas Holleman, "Art in Detroit Public Places", Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 1980
*Piland & Uguccioni, "Fountains of Kansas City", City of Fountains Foundation 1985
*Rogers, Meyric, "Carl Milles, An Interpretation of His Work", Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut 1940
*Taylor, Askew, Croze, et al, "Milles At Cranbrook", Cranbrook Academy of Art, 1961
*Westbrook, Adele and Anne Yarowsky, "Design in America, The Cranbrook Vision 1925 – 1950", Detroit Institute
* [http://info.detnews.com/redesign/history/story/historytemplate.cfm?id=39 Carl Milles, Detroit News Rearview Mirror]
* [http://www.ilovefiguresculpture.com/masters/scandinavia/milles/milles.html Web sculpture museum]
* [http://www.skytteholm.se/carlmilles___31.aspx Milles sculptures at Skytteholm Conference Center, near Stockholm, Sweden]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Carl Milles — an seinem Schreibtisch 1955 Carl Milles (* 23. Juni 1875 bei Knivsta; † 19. September 1955 auf Lidingö bei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carl Milles — Nom de naissance Carl Emil Wilhelm Andersson Naissance 23 juin 1875 Lagga, Suède Décès 19 septembre 1955 (à 80 ans) Lidingö … Wikipédia en Français
Carl Milles — Vilhelm Carl Emil Anderson … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Milles (disambiguation) — Milles is a Syrian village. Milles may also refer to: Surname Carl Milles (1875 1955), Swedish sculptor Isaac Milles (1638 – 1720), English cleric Richard Milles (c. 1735 1820), English landowner and politician Thomas Milles (bailiff) (1550?–… … Wikipedia
Milles — ist der Ortsname von Milles, deutsch für Mlýnec pod Přimdou Les Milles, Ort und Gefangenenlager in Südfrankreich Milles ist der Familienname von Carl Milles (1875 1955) schwedischer Bildhauer Hans Peter Milles (* 1951), deutscher Politiker (SPD)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carl Eldh — in seinem Atelier, um 1935 Carl Eldhs Statue von August Strin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Milles — Milles, Carl … Enciclopedia Universal
Milles, Carl — ▪ Swedish sculptor original name Wilhelm Carl Emil Andersson born June 23, 1875, Lagga, near Uppsala, Sweden died September 19, 1955, Lidingö Swedish sculptor known for his expressive and rhythmical large scale fountains (fountain).… … Universalium
Milles — Mịlles, Carl, schwedischer Bildhauer, * Lagga (bei Uppsala) 23. 6. 1875, ✝ Lidingö 19. 9. 1955; studierte ab 1897 bei A. Rodin in Paris, 1904 06 in München, wo ihn besonders A. von Hildebrand beeindruckte. 1920 31 war er Professor an der… … Universal-Lexikon
Milles — /mil euhs/, n. Carl (Carl Wilhelm Emil Anderson), 1875 1955, U.S. sculptor, born in Sweden. * * * … Universalium