Frank Miller (comics)


Frank Miller (comics)

Infobox Comics creator
name = Frank Miller




caption = Miller at the 2008 Comic-Con, photo by [http://www.flickr.com/people/44159829@N00 pinguino k] from North Hollywood, USA
birthname =
birthdate = birth date and age|1957|01|27
location = Olney, Maryland
nationality = American
area = Writer
Penciller
Inker
Film director
Screenwriter
Actor
alias =
notable works = '
'
"Sin City"
""
"300"
"Ronin"
"Give Me Liberty"
awards =

Frank Miller (born January 27, 1957) is an American writer, artist and film director best known for his dark, film noir-style comic book stories.

Life and career

Early career

Miller spent his childhood in Montpelier, Vermont. Setting out to become an artist, he eventually received his first published work in Gold Key Comics' "The Twilight Zone" #84 (September 1978). This was followed by various pencilling jobs for anthology titles from DC Comics and his first work at Marvel Comics in "Barsoom John Carter: Warlord of Mars" #18.

It was at Marvel that Miller would settle in as a regular fill-in and cover artist, working on a variety of titles. One of these jobs was drawing "Spectacular Spider-Man" #27 and 28. These issues featured "Daredevil" as a supporting character. At this time Daredevil was a minor character with his own poor selling title; however, Miller saw something in the character he liked and asked then Marvel Editor-in-Chief Jim Shooter if he could work on Daredevil's regular title. Shooter agreed and made Miller the new penciller on the title.

"Daredevil" and the early 1980s

Miller's first issue of "Daredevil" (#158) was the last part of an ongoing story written by Roger McKenzie. Although still conforming to traditional comic book styles, Miller infused this first issue with his own film noir style, which proved to be a success. After this issue Miller became one of Marvel's fastest rising stars and also started plotting additional stories with McKenzie. Miller's art was highly detailed but still retained his noir style as his run progressed. Learning from Neal Adams,Fact|date=September 2008 Miller would sit for hours sketching the roofs of New York in an attempt to give his Daredevil art an authentic feel not commonly seen in superhero comics at the time.Miller was so successful with the title that Marvel began publishing the "Daredevil" comic monthly (as opposed to its previous bi-monthly publication period). From issue 168 in 1981, Miller took over full duties as writer and penciller, with
Klaus Janson providing inks in the issues. Issue #168 saw the first appearance of Elektra.

With his creation of Elektra, Miller's work on "Daredevil" became characterized by darker themes and stories. This peaked when in issue 181 he had the assassin Bullseye kill Elektra. Although deaths of supporting characters were commonplace in comics at the time, the death of a major character like Elektra was not. Miller made it clear with the next few issues that he intended Elektra to remain dead, but nonetheless she was revived during his time as writer. Miller finished his "Daredevil" run with issue 191; in his time he had transformed a secondary character into one of the most popular and best-selling characters Marvel published. Due to "Daredevil"'s popularity, Miller became one of the most sought-after artists in the industry. During this time, Miller also found time in 1980 to draw a short "Batman" Christmas story for a DC Comics Christmas special. This was his first encounter with a character with which, like Daredevil, he would later become closely associated. In 1981 he wrote and drew an Elektra story in "Bizarre Adventures" #28. Miller and writer Chris Claremont produced a four-part "Wolverine" mini series in 1982, spinning off from the popular "X-Men" title. Miller used this title to expand on Wolverine's character while featuring more of his manga-influenced art. The series was a critical success and further cemented Miller's place as a major artist.

His first creator-owned title, "Ronin", was a six-issue mini-series first published from 1983 to 1984 by DC Comics. With "Ronin", Miller not only refined his own art and storytelling techniques, but also helped change how creator rights were viewed, and proved that comics in new formats could be commercially viable. After "Ronin", Miller was relatively reclusive in 1985; his only published work was a single issue of "Daredevil" (issue 219), inspired by the film "High Plains Drifter".Fact|date=September 2008

"Batman: The Dark Knight Returns" and the late 1980s

In 1986 DC Comics released the first issue of "" (commonly shortened to "DKR"), a four-issue mini-series printed in the new prestige format, and written and drawn by Miller, with colors by Lynn Varley and inks by Klaus Janson.

The story tells how Batman retired after the death of the second Robin, and at age 55 returns to fight crime in a future where crime and violence have taken over. Meant as a possible finale for Batman, Miller created a tough, gritty portrayal of the Dark Knight. Released the same year as "Watchmen", it showed a new form of more 'adult-oriented' storytelling to a mainstream audience, as well as diehard comics fans. Receiving massive amounts of media publicity, Miller found that he had not only redefined Batman in comics, but had managed to remove the campy image many had of the character from the 1960s television series.

"DKR" influenced the comic book industry by heralding a new wave of darker, more 'realistic' characters in comics, and along with "", it was also a major influence on Tim Burton's "Batman" in 1989.Fact|date=September 2008 The trade paperback proved to be a huge seller for DC and remains in print 20 years after first being published. In addition, this comic helped to finally sever the formerly benign relationship between DC's two most recognizable superheroes, Batman and Superman.

1986 also saw Miller return as writer to "Daredevil" with artist David Mazzucchelli, creating a story arc that, like "DKR", redefined and reinvigorated its main character. In "", we learn about the Daredevil's Catholic background, and witness the destruction (and "rebirth") of alter-ego Matt Murdock at the hands of archnemesis the Kingpin. (The "Daredevil" run actually precedes "DKR" by several months, and, in fact, began in late-1985.)

Miller and artist Bill Sienkiewicz produced the graphic novel "Daredevil: Love and War" in 1986. Featuring the character of the Kingpin, it indirectly bridges Miller's first run on "Daredevil" and "Born Again" by explaining the change in the Kingpin's attitude toward Daredevil. Miller and Sienkiewicz also produced the eight-issue miniseries "" for Epic Comics. Set outside regular Marvel continuity, it featured a wild tale of cyborgs and ninjas, while expanding further on Elektra's background. Both of these projects were well-received critically. "Elektra: Assassin" was praised for its bold storytelling, but neither it nor "Daredevil: Love and War" had the influence or reached as many readers as "Dark Knight Returns" or "Born Again".

Miller's final major story in this period was in "Batman" issues 404-407 in 1987, another collaboration with Mazzuchelli. Titled "", this was Miller's version of the origin of Batman in which he retconned many details and adapted the story to fit his "Dark Knight" continuity. Proving to be hugely popular, this was as influential as Miller's previous work and a trade paperback released in 1988 remains in print and is one of DC's best selling books.

Miller had also drawn the covers for the first twelve issues of First Comics English language reprints of Kazuo Koike and Goseki Kojima's "Lone Wolf and Cub". This helped bring Japanese manga to a wider Western audience.

During this time, Miller (along with Marv Wolfman, Alan Moore and Howard Chaykin) had been in dispute with DC Comics over a proposed ratings system for comics. Disagreeing with what he saw as censorship, Miller refused to do any further work for DC, and he would take his future projects to the independent publisher Dark Horse Comics. From then on Miller would be a major supporter of creator rights and be a major voice against censorship in comics.

"Sin City" and the 1990s

After leaving DC, Miller intended to only release his work via Dark Horse, however he had one final project for Epic Comics. "Elektra Lives Again" was a fully-painted graphic novel written and drawn by Miller and colored by longtime partner Varley. Telling the story of the resurrection of Elektra from the dead and Daredevil's quest to find her, it was the first example of a new style in Miller's art, as well as showing Miller's willingness to experiment with new storytelling techniques.

1990 saw Miller and artist Geof Darrow start work on "Hard Boiled", a three-issue mini-series which suffered from long delays between issues. That aside, the title was a mix of violence and satire which was praised for Darrow's highly detailed art and Miller's writing. At the same time Miller and artist Dave Gibbons produced "Give Me Liberty", a four-issue mini-series for Dark Horse. Another mixture of action and political satire, the title sold well and firmly cemented Miller's reputation as a writer of more 'adult' comic books. "Give Me Liberty" was followed by several follow-up series and specials expanding on the story of the main character Martha Washington, all of which were written by Miller and drawn by Gibbons.

Miller also wrote the scripts for the films "RoboCop 2" and "RoboCop 3". Neither were critically well-received. After "RoboCop 3", Miller stated that he would never allow Hollywood to make movie adaptations of his comics, being disgusted with the constant studio interference with his scriptwriting. Miller would come into contact with the fictional cyborg once more, however, writing the critically acclaimed, best-selling limited series, "RoboCop vs. The Terminator", with art by Walter Simonson. In 2003, Miller's screenplay for "RoboCop 2" was eventually adapted by Steven Grant for Avatar Press's Pulsaar imprint, which now owns the rights to create comics based on RoboCop. Illustrated by Juan Jose Ryp, the series is called "Frank Miller's RoboCop" and contains plot elements that were divided between "RoboCop 2" and "RoboCop 3".

In 1991 Miller started work on his first "Sin City" story. Serialised in "Dark Horse Presents" issues 51 to 62, this was Miller's first completely solo work, as he wrote and drew the story in black and white to emphasize its film noir origins. Proving to be another success, the story was released in a trade paperback. This first Sin City "yarn" was re-released in 2005 under the name "The Hard Goodbye". "Sin City" proved to be Miller's main project for much of the remainder of the decade, as Miller told more Sin City stories within this noir world of his creation, in the process helping to revitalize the crime comics genre. "Sin City" proved artistically auspicious for Miller and again brought his work to a wider audience outside of comics.

"Daredevil: Man Without Fear" was a mini-series published by Marvel Comics in 1993 based on an earlier film script.Fact|date=September 2008 In this Miller and artist John Romita Jr. told Daredevil's origins differently than in the comics. Miller also returned to superheroes by writing issue #11 of Todd McFarlane's "Spawn", as well as the "Spawn/Batman" crossover for Image Comics.

In 1995, Miller and Darrow collaborated again on "Big Guy and Rusty the Boy Robot" — an homage to "Godzilla" movies, "Astro Boy" and patriotic American films from World War II. The series was published as a two-part mini-series from Dark Horse Comics. In 1999 it became an animated series on "Fox Kids". During this period, Miller became one of the founding members of the comic imprint Legend, under which many of his Sin City works were released, via Dark Horse. Also, it was during the 1990s that Miller did cover art for many titles in the Comics Greatest World/Dark Horse Heroes line.

Written and illustrated by Frank Miller with painted colors by Lynn Varley, "300" was a 1998 graphic novel series (later collected into a single hardcover issue), a retelling of the Battle of Thermopylae and the events leading up to it from the perspective of Leonidas of Sparta. "300" was particularly inspired by the 1962 film "The 300 Spartans", a movie that Miller watched as a young boy. In 2007, "300" was adapted by director Zack Snyder into a highly successful film.

2000 onwards

Miller started the new millennium off with the long awaited sequel to "Batman: The Dark Knight Returns" for DC Comics after Miller had put aside past differences with DC. "" was initially released as a three issue series. Miller has also returned to writing "Batman" in 2005, taking on the writing duties of "All Star Batman and Robin the Boy Wonder", a series set outside of the normal DC continuity and drawn by Jim Lee. Miller has been vocally opposed to recent comic art attempting to give the cosmetic appearance of what some say is more realism. In an interview on the documentary "Legends of the Dark Knight: The History of Batman", Miller said, "People are attempting to bring a superficial reality to superheroes which is rather stupid. They work best as the flamboyant fantasies they are. I mean, these are characters that are broad and big. I don't need to see sweat patches under Superman's arms. I want to see him fly."

Miller's stance against movie adaptations was to change after Robert Rodriguez made a short film from one of Miller's "Sin City" short stories. Rodriguez showed this short film to Miller, who was so pleased with the result that he approved a full-length film, "Sin City". This would be Miller's second experience with the movie world, after becoming disenchanted years earlier with his experiences with "RoboCop 2" and "3". The movie was released in the US on April 1, 2005, using Miller's original comics panels as storyboards. Miller and Rodriguez are credited as co-directors, which Rodriguez insisted upon (and had allegedly promised to Miller).Fact|date=September 2008 Directors Guild of America rules permit only one person or "legitimate" directorial team (such as the Coen brothers) being listed as the director of a film. As a result, Rodriguez elected to resign from the Guild. The film's success brought renewed attention to Miller and to "Sin City." And the "300" film did the same for "300".

In 2006, Miller announced that his next "Batman" book would be called "Holy Terror, Batman!". In the story, Batman defends Gotham City against attacks by real-life terrorist group Al-Qaeda. However, in a 2008 "New York Times" interview, Miller mentioned that the story was evolving: "As I worked on it, it became something that was no longer Batman. It’s somewhere past that, and I decided it’s going to be part of a new series that I’m starting.” [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/20/movies/20webs.html?pagewanted=2&_r=2&ref=movies Webster, Andy; "Artist-Director Seeks the Spirit of ‘The Spirit’ "; nytimes.com; July 20, 2008; Page 2 of 2] ]

At the 2006 San Diego Comic-Con, it was announced that Miller would direct a film version of Will Eisner's The Spirit. [http://movies.yahoo.com/mv/news/va/20060719/115331503300.html "Spirit" comic comes to life on big screen] yahoo.com, 2006-07-19] A sequel to the Sin City film is in progress, provisionally entitled Sin City 2.

Political stance

On January 24th, 2007, in an interview with American radio station National Public Radio, Frank Miller talked about his political views. [" [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7002481 Writers, Artists Describe State of the Union] ". NPR's "Talk of the Nation". January 24, 2007.] [Zader, Joshua. " [http://www.theatlasphere.com/metablog/612.php NPR Interview with 300’s Frank Miller] ". The Atlasphere. March 10, 2007.] On the issue of the second Iraq war, he said : "Mostly I hear people say, 'Why did we attack Iraq?' for instance. Well, we're taking on an idea. Nobody questions why we, after Pearl Harbor, attacked Nazi Germany. It was because we were taking on a form of global fascism, we're doing the same thing now." In his view, America lacks firmness against its enemies: "It seems to me quite obvious that our country and the entire Western World is up against an existential foe that knows exactly what it wants... and we're behaving like a collapsing empire. Mighty cultures are almost never conquered, they crumble from within. And frankly, I think that a lot of Americans are acting like spoiled brats." About those being fought against, Miller said "For some reason, nobody seems to be talking about who we’re up against, and the sixth century barbarism that they actually represent. These people saw people’s heads off. They enslave women, they genitally mutilate their daughters, they do not behave by any cultural norms that are sensible to us. I’m speaking into a microphone that never could have been a product of their culture, and I’m living in a city where three thousand of my neighbors were killed by thieves of airplanes they never could have built." Miller also opines that Iraq declared war on the U.S.

Critical reactions

Frank Miller has received much praise for his work on icons Daredevil and Batman as well as some of his own works, such as "300" and "Sin City".

Alan Moore praised Miller's Daredevil in the article "The Art of Being Frank" in "The Daredevils" #1, but spoofed him in #8 ("Grit!"), Moore criticized Miller's "300", calling it "racist, homophobic, and sublimely stupid." [cite journal | first=Nisha | last=Gopalan | url=http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20213067_20213068_20213004,00.html | title=Alan Moore Still Knows the Score! | journal=Entertainment Weekly | publisher=Time Inc | date=2008-07-16 | accessdate=2008-07-22 ]

"The Dark Knight Returns" received much praise, although Miller himself has stated that when he did the book, he got calls from many comic creators telling him that he had ruined their character.

In recent years, much of Miller's work, particularly regarding Batman, has been the subject of controversy. "" was received with much less critical acclaim than its predecessor. The upcoming "Holy Terror, Batman!", which Miller has described as "a piece of propaganda" [cite news
author=Harry Mount |title= Holy propaganda! Batman is tackling Osama bin Laden
date=February 15, 2006 |publisher=Daily Telegraph |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/02/15/wbats15.xml&sSheet=/news/2006/02/15/ixworld.html
] , has been criticized by Grant Morrison, who said that "cheering on a fictional character battling fictionalized terrorists seems like a decadent indulgence" and suggested that Miller join the army and actually fight. [cite web|url=http://www.newsarama.com/dcnew/Batman/Morrison/Morrison_Batman.html|title=Morrison in the Cave: Grant Morrison Talks Batman|work=Newsarama|date=2006-08-23|accessdate=2006-12-27|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070705190553/http%3A//www.newsarama.com/dcnew/Batman/Morrison/Morrison_Batman.html|archivedate=2007-07-05]

"All Star Batman and Robin the Boy Wonder" in particular has been met with harsh criticism. William Gatevackes of "PopMatters" said that "All Star Batman and Robin" should be avoided at all costs." [ [http://www.popmatters.com/comics/all-star-batman-robin-1-3.shtml ALL-STAR BATMAN & ROBIN #1-3] William Gatevackes, PopMatters 2006-02-10] Comics journalist Cliff Biggers of Comic Shop News called the series "one of the biggest train wrecks in comics history." [Comic Shop News #1064 November 7, 2007] Iann Robinson called "All Star Batman and Robin" "a comic series that just spirals deeper and deeper into the abyss of unreadable", saying that "Miller has erased all the good he did for Batman with ' and '." [ [http://www.craveonline.com/articles/comics/04649326/all_star_batman_and_robin.html Review by Iann Robinson] , Crave Online]

Miller's "RoboCop" comic was criticized by Entertainment Weekly for its "tired story" and lack of "interesting action." [ [http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,479889,00.html Review by Ken Tucker] , Entertainment Weekly, September 5, 2003]

Some of Miller's works have been accused of lacking humanity, [Scott, A. O. " [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/24/movies/24scot.html?ex=1271995200&en=83f36c443f1c41eb&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss The Unreal Road From Toontown to 'Sin City'] ". "New York Times". April 24, 2005.] and have been criticized for the overabundance of prostitutes portrayed in Sin City. [Dargis, Manohla. " [http://movies.nytimes.com/2005/04/01/movies/01sin.html?_r=1&ex=1153281600&en=7e266ef33d532f3a&ei=5070&oref=slogin A Savage and Sexy City of Pulp Fiction Regulars] ". "New York Times". April 1, 2005.]

Influences

His cartoonist influences include Alex Toth, Frank Frazetta, Joe Kubert, Dick Sprang, Jack Kirby, Jordi Bernet, Jim Steranko, Johnny Craig, Milton Caniff, Wally Wood, Hugo Pratt, Frank Robbins, Will Eisner, William Gaines, and James Kochalka.

Miller has stated that his influences include the writings of James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson.

Outside of the comic and political circuit, his influences include art historian Kenneth Clark, and the animations by Fleischer Studios.

Cameo appearances

Frank Miller has appeared in four films in small roles, dying in every one.
*In the 1990 film "RoboCop 2", he plays "Frank, the chemist" and dies in an explosion in the drug lab.
*In the 1994 film "", he is killed by vampires in front of Stan Lee, who compares his killers to "angels."
*In the 2003 "Daredevil" movie, he appears as a corpse with a pen in his head, thrown by Bullseye, who steals his motorcycle. The credits list Frank Miller as "Man with Pen in Head".
*In the 2005 "Sin City" film he plays the priest killed by Marv in the confessional.

Frank Miller also appeared in an episode of the television series "Moonlighting" as a customer at a box office.

Bibliography

As artist only

*"Twilight Zone" #84, 85 (1978) ("Royal Feast" and "Endless Cloud") (Gold Key Comics)
*"Deliver Me From D-Day" short story in "Weird War Tales" #64 (1978) (co-art: Wyatt Gwyon) (writer: Wyatt Gwyon) (DC Comics)
*"The Greatest Story Never Told" short story (writer: Paul Kupperberg) and "The Day After Doomsday" short story (wr: Roger McKenzie) both in "Weird War Tales" #68 (1978) (DC Comics)
*"The Edge of History" short story in "Unknown Soldier" #219 (1978) (co-art: Danny Bulanadi) (writer: Elliot S. Maggin) (DC Comics)
*"John Carter, Warlord of Mars" #18 (1978) (writer: Chris Claremont) (Marvel Comics)
*"Spectacular Spider-Man" #27–28 (1979) (writer: Bill Mantlo) (Marvel Comics)
*"Marvel Two-in-One" #51 (1979) (writer: Peter Gillis) (Marvel Comics)
*"Daredevil" #158-161, 163-167 (1979-1980) (Marvel Comics)
*"Marvel Spotlight" Vol. 2 #8 (1980) (writer: Mike Barr) (Marvel Comics)
*"Marvel Team-Up" #100 (1980) (writer: Chris Claremont) (Marvel Comics)
*"Super Star Holiday Special" (1980) (writer: Denny O'Neil) (DC Comics)
*"Amazing Spider-Man Annual" #14 (1980) (writer: Denny O'Neil) (Marvel Comics)
*"Amazing Spider-Man Annual" #15 (1981) (writer: Denny O'Neil) (Marvel Comics)
*"Power Man and Iron Fist" #76 (1981) (writers: Chris Claremont and Mike Barr) (Marvel Comics)
*Unus story in "Incredible Hulk Annual" #11 (1982) (writer: Mary Jo Duffy) (Marvel Comics)
*"Bizarre Adventures" #31 (1982) (writer: Denny O'Neil) (Marvel Comics)
*"Wolverine" (1982) (writer: Chris Claremont) (Marvel Comics)
*"Tales of the New Gods" in "Orion" #3 (2000) (writer: Walt Simonson) (DC Comics)
*He illustrated the front cover for a reprint of Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow [ [http://www.amazon.com/Gravitys-Rainbow-Penguin-Classics-Deluxe/dp/0143039946/ref=pd_bbs_sr_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1206941853&sr=8-1 Amazon.com: Gravity's Rainbow (Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition): Thomas Pynchon, Frank Miller: Books ] ]

As writer/artist

Marvel Comics
*"Daredevil" #168–184 (1981–82)
*"Daredevil" #191 (1983)
*"What If...?" #28 (1981) (co-writer: Mike W. Barr)
*"Elektra" short story from "Bizarre Adventures" Magazine #28 (1981)
*"What If...?" #35 (1982)
*"What if Daredevil Were Deaf?" one-page joke in "What If...?" #34 (1982)
*"Captain America: Home Fires" short story in "Marvel Fanfare" #18 (1984) (co-writer: Roger Stern) (Marvel)
*"Elektra Lives Again" (1990) (graphic novel ISBN 0-7851-0890-4)

DC Comics
*"Ronin" (1983) (also art) (6 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 0-930289-21-8) (DC)
*"" (1986) (4 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-56389-342-8)
*"" (2001) (3 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-56389-929-9)
*"Holy Terror, Batman!" (forthcoming) (graphic novel)

Dark Horse Comics

"Sin City":
*"The Hard Goodbye" (1991) (originally trimmed slightly in "Dark Horse Presents" 51-62 & 5th Anniv) (also trade paperback featuring the full version, ISBN 1-59307-293-7)
*"A Dame To Kill For" (1994) (6 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-59307-294-5)
*"The Big Fat Kill" (1994) (5 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-59307-295-3)
*"That Yellow Bastard" (1996) (6 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-59307-296-1)
*"Family Values" (1997) (graphic novel ISBN 1-59307-297-X)
*"Booze, Broads, & Bullets" (1998) (trade paperback ISBN 1-59307-298-8) collects:
**"The Babe Wore Red (And Other Stories)" (1994) (one-shot)
**"Silent Night" (1994) (one-shot)
**"Lost, Lonely, & Lethal" (1996) (one-shot)
**"Daddy's Little Girl", originally printed in "A Decade of Dark Horse", reprinted in "Tales To Offend" #1
**"Sex & Violence" (1997) (one-shot)
**"Just Another Saturday Night" (1997) (one-shot)
*"Hell and Back" (1999) (9 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-59307-299-6)

Other:
*"Tales to Offend" #1 (1997) (collects two "Lance Blastoff" stories and "")
*"300" (1998) (5 issues) (also hardcover ISBN 1-56971-402-9) (Dark Horse)
*"Mercy!" short story in "Dark Horse Maverick 2000"
*"The End" short story in "Dark Horse Maverick: Happy Endings" (trade paperback ISBN 1-56971-820-2)
*"Man With Pen in Head" short story in "Autobiografix" (2003) (tpb ISBN 1-59307-038-1) (Dark Horse)

As writer only

Marvel Comics
*"Marvel Team-Up" Annual #4 (1981) (art by Herb Trimpe and Mike Esposito)
*"Daredevil" #185–190 (1982–83)
*"Daredevil" #219 (1985) (art by John Buscema and Gerry Talaoc)
*"Daredevil" #226 (1985) (co-wr: Denny O’Neil) (art by David Mazzucchelli and Dennis Janke)
*"Daredevil" #227–233 (1985–86) (art by David Mazzucchelli) (collected as "" ISBN 0-87135-297-4)
*"Daredevil: Love and War" (1986) (art by Bill Sienkiewicz) (graphic novel ISBN 0-87135-172-2)
*"" (1986) (art by Bill Sienkiewicz) (8 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 0-87135-309-1)
*"Daredevil: The Man Without Fear" (1993) (5 issues) (art by John Romita, Jr.) (also trade paperback ISBN 0-7851-0046-6)

DC Comics
*"Batman" #404–407 (1987) (art by David Mazzucchelli) (collected as "" ISBN 0-930289-33-1)
*"Spawn/Batman" (1994) (art by Todd McFarlane) ISBN 1-58240-019-9
*"All-Star Batman and Robin the Boy Wonder" (2005–present) (art by Jim Lee)

Dark Horse Comics

"Martha Washington" (art by co-creator Dave Gibbons):
*"Give Me Liberty" (1990) (4 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 0-440-50446-5)
*"Martha Washington Goes to War" (1994) (5 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-56971-090-2)
*"Happy Birthday, Martha Washington" (1995) (one-shot)
*"Martha Washington Stranded in Space" (1995) (one-shot) (features "The Big Guy")
*"Martha Washington Saves the World" (1997) (3 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-56971-384-7)
*"Martha Washington Dies" (July 2007)All are due for collection in an Omnibus.

Other:
*"Hardboiled" (1990) (art by Geof Darrow) (3 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-878574-58-2) (Dark Horse)
*"RoboCop vs. The Terminator" (1992) (art by Walter Simonson) (4 issues) (also trade paperback) (Dark Horse)
*"Madman" #6 & 7 (1995) (this story introduces The Big Guy; Miller writes his dialogue, Mike Allred does everything else) (Dark Horse)
*"The Big Guy and Rusty the Boy Robot" (1995) (art by Geof Darrow) (2 issues) (also trade paperback ISBN 1-56971-201-8) (Dark Horse)

Other Publishers
*"Spawn" #11 (1993) (art by Todd McFarlane) (Image Comics)
*"Bad Boy" (1997) (art by Simon Bisley) (one-shot, Oni Press and Dynamite Entertainment)
*"Frank Miller's RoboCop" (2003) (adaptation of Miller's 1990 script to "RoboCop 2" by Steven Grant) (art by Juan Jose Ryp) (9 issues) (Avatar)

For film
*"RoboCop 2" Miller's original script was heavily edited through rewrites as it was deemed unfilmable. The original script was adapted in 2003 by Steven Grant into the comics series, "Frank Miller's RoboCop".
*"RoboCop 3" Miller co-wrote this with the film's director Fred Dekker.
*"" This was co-written and was due to be directed by Darren Aronofsky until Warner Bros. cancelled the project opting for Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins.
*"Sin City"
*"The Spirit" Although Miller co-directed Sin City this will be his first solo directing project.
*"Sin City 2" Miller confirmed along with Robert Rodriguez that they will be working on a sequel to Sin City at a 2007 comic-con.

"300" was adapted shot for shot into a feature film in 2007. The 2003 film version of "Daredevil" predominantly use the tone and stories written and established by Frank Miller. Miller did not have any direct creative input into either of these films.

Cover artist

*"Amazing Spider-Man" #203, 1980
*"Amazing Spider-Man" #218, 1981
*"Amazing Spider-Man" #219, 1981
*"Marvel Team-Up" #95, 99, 100, 102, 106 (1980, 1981)
*"Peter Parker, Spectacular Spider-man" #46, 48, 50-52, 54-57, 60 (1980, 1981)
*"Spider-Man and Daredevil Special edition" (1984)

Collections

*"Daredevil Visionaries – Frank Miller Vol.1" (includes Daredevil #158-1961, #163-167) (trade paperback)
*"Daredevil Visionaries – Frank Miller Vol.2" (includes Daredevil #168-182) (trade paperback ISBN 0-7851-0771-1)
*"Daredevil Visionaries – Frank Miller Vol.3" (includes Daredevil #183-191, What If...? #28, What If...? #35, Bizarre Adventures #28) (trade paperback ISBN 0-7851-0802-5)
*"Complete Frank Miller Spider-Man" (includes PPTSSM #27-28, ASM Annual #14-15, MTU #100, Annual #4 and all his covers for MTU, PPTSSM and ASM) (trade paperback ISBN 0-7851-0899-8)

Awards

Eisner Awards

Best Short Story - 1995

Best Finite Series/Limited Series - 1991, 1995, 1996, 1999

Best Graphic Album: New - 1991

Best Graphic Album: Reprint - 1993, 1998

Best Writer/Artist - 1991, 1993, 1999

Best Artist/Penciller/Inker or Penciller/Inker Team - 1993

Kirby Awards

Best Single Issue - 1986, 1987

Best Graphic Album, 1987

Best Writer/Artist (single or team) - 1986

Best Art Team - 1987

Harvey Awards

Best Continuing or Limited Series - 1996, 1999

Best Graphic Album of Original Work - 1998

Best Domestic Reprint Project - 1997

References

External links

* [http://www.comicbookdb.com/creator.php?ID=8 Frank Miller] at ComicBookDB.com
* [http://www.moebiusgraphics.com/ The Complete Frank Miller Website]
*imdb name|id=0588340|name=Frank Miller

Persondata
NAME = Miller, Frank
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = American writer, artist, film director
DATE OF BIRTH = January 27, 1957
PLACE OF BIRTH = Olney, Maryland, United States
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =


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