- Bird-and-flower painting
Bird-and-flower painting (
Traditional Chinese: 花鳥畫, Simplified Chinese: 花鸟画 huāniǎo-huà, Japanese: 花鳥画 kachō-ga, literally 'flower-bird painting') is a kind of Chinese painting named after its subject matter. Normally, most bird-and-flower paintings belong to the scholar-artist style of Chinese painting.
According Chinese tradition, bird-and-flower painting covers "flowers, birds, fish, and insects" (Traditional Chinese: 花鳥魚蟲, Simplified Chinese: 花鸟鱼虫 "huā, niǎo, yú, chóng"). It can thus deal with a wide range of natural topics, including flowers (plants), fish, insects, birds, pets (dogs, cats) etc.
According to painting technique:
*"Ink and Wash Painting" (水墨花鸟画/水墨花鸟画)
Lin Liang(:zh:林良|林良), Qi Baishi(齐白石), Zhang Daqian(张大千)
**Fine-brush with Ink and Wash Painting (工笔水墨/兼工带水墨)
Lin Liang(林良), Ren Yi(任颐), Zhang Daqian(张大千)
**Fine-brush with Colour (工彩)
*** Fine-brush with Heavy Colour (工笔重彩)
*** Fine-brush with Light Colour (工笔淡彩)
Representatives: Emperor Huizong (赵佶),
Lü Ji(吕纪), Lin Liang(林良), Zhang Daqian(张大千)
*"Freehand Style" (写意花鸟/写意花鸟画)
**Great Freehand Style (大写意)
**Slight Freehand Style (小写意)
Tang Yin(唐寅), Xu Wei(徐渭), Wu Changshuo(吴昌硕), Ren Yi(任颐), Zhang Daqian(张大千)
*"Fine-brush with Freehand Style" (兼工带写)
Lin Liang(林良), Tang Yin(唐寅), Zhang Daqian(张大千)
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