- Protectorate of the Western Regions
The Protectorate of the Western Regions was a Chinese
military governmentestablished by the Han Dynastyto manage and to control the Western Regions, roughly today's Xinjiang(excluding Dzungaria). [http://184.108.40.206/web/Content.asp?ID=52868&Query=1 "Xiyu Duhu"] ]
Sino-Xiongnu War, the Chinese established a military seat at Wulei, north east of present-day Bugur with an aim to protect the Indo-European statelets of the region and kept them away from the Xiongnu's aggression in the northeastern steppe. It is believed to be the first Chinese sign of direct rule of Central Asia.Yu 2003, 57-59] The seat was later shifted to Tagan, at around modern Kuchaduring the Eastern Han.Yu 1995, 56, 68-71]
First set up in
60 BC, it was the highest military position in the west during its existence. During its peak in 51 BC, the Wusunwas brought under the submission. After at least 18 different protector generals, but only 10 of their name were known. The post was abandoned by the time of Wang Mang's Xin Dynasty, until Emperor Ming of Hanand his successor awarded the position (now with administrative obligations as well) to general Chen Muin 74, and subsequently to Ban Chaowith his successful conquest of the region. On July 29 107, series of Qiang's uprisings in the areas of Hexi Corridorand Guanzhongforced to abandon the post, but assumed under the Chief Official of the Western Regionslater.
List of protector generals
Western Han and Xin
* Zheng Ji 60－48 BCE
* Han Xuan (韩宣) 48－45 BCE
* Anonymous (3rd) 45－42 BCE
* Anonymous (4th) 42－39 BCE
* Anonymous (5th) 39－36 BCE
* Gan Yanshou (甘延寿) 36－33 BCE
* Duan Huizong (段会宗) 33－30, 21－18 BCE
* Lian Bao (廉褒) 30－27 BCE
* Anonymous (9th) 27－24 BCE
* Han Li (韩立) 24－21 BCE
* Anonymous (11th) 18－15 BCE
* Guo Shun (郭舜) 15－12 BCE
* Sun Jian (孙建) 12－9 BCE
* Anonymous (14th) 9－6 BCE
* Anonymous (15th) 6－3 BCE
* Anonymous (16th) 3 BCE－1
* Dan Qin (但欽) 1－13
* Li Chong 13－23
Chief Official of the Western Regions
Protectorate General to Pacify the West
* Ma, Yong, [http://220.127.116.11/web/Content.asp?ID=52868&Query=1 "Xiyu Duhu" ("Protector General of the Western Regions")] . "
Encyclopedia of China" (Chinese History Edition), 1st ed.
* Yu, Taishan. "A Study of the History of the Relationship Between the Western and Eastern Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Western Regions". Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Jun 1995. Sino-Platonic Papers, Oct, 2006.
* Yu, Taishan (2nd ed, 2003). "A Comprehensive History of Western Regions". Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou Guji Press. ISBN 7-5348-1266-6.
* [http://www.atimes.com/c-asia/CL14Ag01.html The Grand Game in Afghanistan]
* [http://www.johomaps.com/as/china/xinjiang/maps.html Maps of Xinjiang]
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