- Land and Water Conservation Fund
The United States' Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) is a
Federal programthat was established by Act of Congressin 1964 to provide monies and matching grants to federal, state and local governments for the acquisition of land and water, and easements on land and water, for the benefit of all Americans. [http://www.fs.fed.us/land/staff/LWCF/index.shtml Land and Water Conservation Fund] , Lands and Realty Management, USDA Forest Service] The main emphases of the fund are recreation and the protection of national natural treasures in the forms of parks and protected forest and wildlife areas. LWCF has a broad-based coalition of support and oversight, including the National Parks and Recreation Association, The Wilderness Society, and the Land Trust Alliance. The primary source of income to the fund is fees paid by companies drilling offshore for oil and gas, with additional minor sources including the sale of surplus federal real estate and taxes on motorboat fuel.
Monies from the Land and Water Conservation Fund have been utilized over the years on projects both large and small. LWCF has helped state agencies and local communities acquire nearly seven million acres (28,000 km²) of land and easements controlling further land, developed project sites including such popular recreational areas as
Harper's Ferryin West Virginia, California's Big SurCoast, and the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystemin Montana, helped maintain Yellowstone National Park, and helped to build and maintain "thousands of local playgrounds, soccer fields, and baseball diamonds." [http://www.tpl.org/tier3_cd.cfm?content_item_id=10566&folder_id=191 Federal Programs: Land and Water Conservation Fund] , Trust for Public Land]
Though LWCF is authorized at a budget cap of $900 million annually, this level that has been met only twice during the program's nearly four decades. The program is divided into two distinct funding pools: state grants and federal acquisition funds. The distribution formula takes into account population density and other factors.
Each year, based on project demands from communities as well as input from the federal land management agencies, the President makes recommendations to Congress regarding funding for specific LWCF projects. In Congress, these projects go through an Appropriations Committee review process: given the intense competition among projects, funding is generally only provided for those projects with universal support. Initially authorized for a twenty-five-year period, the LWCF has been extended for another twenty-five years, its current mandate running until January 2015.
* [http://www.tpl.org/tier3_cd.cfm?content_item_id=10566&folder_id=191 Federal Programs: Land and Water Conservation Fund]
* [http://www.nps.gov/ncrc/programs/lwcf/pub.htm National Park Service: Land and Water Conservation Fund programs]
* [http://www.conservationfund.org/?article=2012&back=true (The Conservation Fund) Mike McQueen, 2000. "Land and Water Conservation Fund: An assessment of its past, present and future"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Conservation Fund — is an American environmental non profit with a dual charter to pursue both economic development and environmental preservation. The Fund partners with community, government and corporate leaders to fulfill their conservation priorities. With… … Wikipedia
New South Wales Land and Property Information — Agency overview Formed 1 April 2011 Preceding Agency Land and Property Management Authority Jurisdiction New South Wales Headquarters 1 Prince Albert Road, Sydney Minister responsible … Wikipedia
Land Trust Alliance — The Land Trust Alliance is a national conservation group representing more than 1,700 land trusts across the United States. The organization describes its objectives as working to increase the pace and quality of conservation by advocating… … Wikipedia
Water Resources Development Act of 1986 — The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (WRDA 1986) is part of USPL|99|662, a series of acts enacted by Congress of the United States on November 17, 1986. [ [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi bin/bdquery/D?d099:1:./temp/ bdVNjS:@@@D summ2=m… … Wikipedia
Water resources management in Colombia — Colombia has a long and well established framework for water resources management. Water resources availability per capita in Colombia was 45,408 cubic meters in 2007, way above the world’s average of 8,209. The country is particularly prone to… … Wikipedia
Conservation refugee — Conservation Refugees are people, usually indigenous, who are displaced from their native lands when conservation areas are created, such as parks and other protected areas. Contents 1 Definition 1.1 Role of ENGOS 1.2 Preserving habitats or … Wikipedia
Conservation International — Founder(s) Spencer Beebe, Peter Seligmann Founded 1987 Key people Peter A. Seligmann, Chairman of the board and chief executive officer; Rob Walton, chairman of the executive committee; Russell A. Mittermeier, president; Niels Crone, chief op … Wikipedia
Conservation ethic — Conservation can be confused with conversation and vice versa. : For the laws of conservation in the physical sciences, see conservation law. The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, and protection. Its primary focus is… … Wikipedia
Water supply and sanitation in Israel — is intricately linked to the historical development of Israel in the context of scarce water resources. Because the coastal plain of historical Palestine had few water resources, Theodor Herzl already envisioned the transfer of water from the… … Wikipedia
Conservation biology — Biological conservation redirects here. For the journal, see Biological Conservation (journal). For the scientific journal, see Conservation Biology (journal). Efforts are being taken to preserve the natural characteristics of Hopetoun Falls,… … Wikipedia