Taiwan Railway Administration


Taiwan Railway Administration

Infobox rail
railroad_name = Taiwan Railway Administration
logo_filename = TRA_Logo.png logo_size = 100
system_



map_caption =
locale = Taiwan proper
start_year = 1887
end_year = present
predecessor_line =
successor_line =
gauge = RailGauge|42 narrow gauge
length = convert|1117.9|km|abbr=on|lk=on
hq_city = Taipei, Taiwan
Chinese
t=臺灣鐵路管理局 "or" 台灣鐵路管理局
p=Táiwān Tiělù Guǎnlǐjú
tp=Táiwan Tiělù Guǎnlǐjyú
w=T'ai2-wan1 T'ieh3-lu4 Kuan3-li3-chü2
poj=Tâi-oân Thih-lō· Koán-lí-kio̍k
h=Thòi-vàn Thiet-lu Kón-lî-khiu̍k
altname=TRA
t2=臺鐵 "or" 台鐵
p2=Táitiě
tp2=Táitiě
w2=T'ai2-t'ieh3
poj2=Tâi-thih
h2=Thòi-thiet

The Taiwan Railway Administration (abbreviated TRA) is an agency of the Republic of China Ministry of Transportation and Communications responsible for managing, maintaining, and running passenger and freight service on 1097 km of conventional railroad lines in Taiwan (gauge: 1067 mm). [cite web | title=Transportation | work=A Brief Introduction to Taiwan | publisher=ROC Government Information Office| url=http://www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website/5-gp/brief/info04_11.html | accessdate=2006-05-19] As Taiwan is heavily urbanized with a high population density, railways have always played an important part in domestic transportation. Most of the main lines are fully electrified and service is generally efficient and reliable.

Recent growth in the highway system and increased competition from bus companies and airlines has led to a decline in long distance rail travel (except during major holidays such as Chinese New Year), though short and intermediate distance travel is still heavily utilized by commuters and students. The high-speed rail line is not run by TRA, and is also a major source of competition. To offset this TRA has begun placing an emphasis on tourism and short-distance commuter service. This has led to several special tourist trains running to scenic areas and hot springs, the addition of dining cars (originally deemed unnecessary due to Taiwan's relatively small size), and converting several smaller branch lines to attract tourists. Additionally, several new stations have been added in major metropolitan areas, and local commuter service increased.

Routes

TRA runs the four main rail lines forming a closed loop around the main island of Taiwan, and three smaller branch lines. [cite news | title=Touring Taiwan by Rail | date=January 13, 2005 | publisher=ROC Tourism Bureau | url=http://www.worldpress.org/Asia/2012.cfm]

Main Lines

*Western Line (西部幹線): Keelung City to Kaohsiung City
**Taichung Line (台中線): Jhunan, Miaoli to Changhua City
**Pingtung Line (屏東線): Kaohsiung City to Fangliao, Pingtung
*Eastern Line (東部幹線):
**Yilan Line (宜蘭線): Badu to Su-ao, Yilan
**North-Link Line (北迴線): Su-ao, Yilan New Station to Hualian City
**Hwa-tung Line (花東線): Hualian City to Taitung City
*South-Link Line (南迴線): Fangliao, Pingtung to Taitung City

Branch Lines

Passenger service

*Pingsi Line (平溪線): Houdong, Taipei County - Jingtong, Taipei County
*Neiwan Line (內灣線): Hsinchu City - Neiwan, Hsinchu County
*Jiji Line (集集線): Ershuei, Changhua - Checheng, Nantou County

Freight only

*Shenao Line (深澳線): Rueifang, Taipei County - Shenao, Taipei County

Defunct

*Donggang Line (東港線): Jhenan, Pingtung County - Donggang, Pingtung County. Passenger service discontinued in 1991, completely closed in 2002.
*Danshui TRA Line (淡水線): Taipei Main Station - Danshui, Taipei County. Replaced by Taipei Rapid Transit System's Danshui Line.
*Old Taichung Line (舊山線): Segment located in Miaoli County, closed in 1998. Now a minor tourist attraction. Shengsing Station has been declared a historical site.

ervice

Trains are divided into five classes, higher classes generally stop at fewer stations resulting in faster service. The classes are:

* Tzu-Chiang (Tsu-chiang / 自強): The fastest (and most expensive). Assigned seating. Non-reserved (standing) tickets are also sold at full price. There are 3 types of Tsz-chiang: EMU electric multiple unit (brown), push-pull (orange/silver) and diesel (yellow/silver). Tickets for all 3 types of Tsz-chiang are the same price.
* Chu-Kuang (Chu-kwang / 莒光): Second fastest. Assigned seating. Non-reserved tickets are sold at 80% of original price.
* Fu-hsing (Fu-shing / 復興): Third fastest. Assigned seating. Non-reserved tickets are sold at 80% of original price.
* EMU (Electric multiple unit / 電車) and DRC (Diesel railcar / 柴客): Short to medium distance commuter train, stops at all stations. No assigned seating.
* Express / Ordinary (普通): Stops at all stations, no air conditioning, most inexpensive. No assigned seating. Some Express trains (the light blue ones running on West Trunk Line) are air-conditioned while others (dark blue ones) are not equipped with air conditioners. Currently operational only on the southern end of the Western Line and being phased out with termination of service expected by the end of 2006.
* Diesel Express: Only available on East Trunk Line and South Link Line. Mainly serve as commuter trains. No air conditioning. Tickets are the same price as Express and Ordinary.

With the exception of the Ordinary trains, all trains are modern and air conditioned. Many of the Ordinary train cars, on the other hand, are almost 40 to 50 years old, and provide an interesting experience for the more historically minded.

History

"Source:" [cite web | title=History | work=Taiwan Railway Administration | url=http://www.railway.gov.tw/n/n1_01.htm | accessdate=2006-05-19]

*1887: Construction begins on first railway in Taiwan between Keelung and Taipei by Ching Dynasty governor Liu Min-Chuan
*1891: First rail line completed
*1895: Taiwan ceded to Japan by China following the end of the First Sino-Japanese War. Ministry of Taiwan Railway established by the Japanese Government.
*1908: The Japanese colonial government extends the railways to Kaohsiung.
*1922: Coastal Line (Jhunan - Changhua) completed.
*1924: Yilan Line (Badu - Su-ao) completed.
*1926: Huatung Line (Hualien - Taitung) completed.
*1941: Pingtung Line (Kaohsiung - Fangliao) completed.
*1940-1945: The railways are repeatedly bombed by the Allies during World War II.
*1945: Taiwan is handed over to the ROC, Taiwan Railway Administration established.
*1979: Western Line fully electrified. North-link line completed.
*1989: Rail lines running through downtown Taipei moved underground. New Taipei Main Station completed.
*1991: South-link Line completed, completing the rail loop around Taiwan.
*1997: Online reservations become available.
*2000: Yilan Line electrified.
*2001: Various special trains targeting tourists are offered.
*2003: North-link Line electrified.

ee also

*Rail transport in Taiwan
*Taiwan High Speed Rail
*Transportation in Taiwan
*Taipei Main Station

References

External links

* [http://www.railway.gov.tw/index_ok.htm Taiwan Railway Administration (Chinese website)]
*Upgraded website which looks better but is actually less useful than the previous website when it comes to doing something unusual, like finding train times: [http://www.railway.gov.tw/en/index/index.aspx Taiwan Railway Administration (English website)]
*Useful, user-friendly English website, including routes and schedules: [http://service.tra.gov.tw/en/ Taiwan Railway Administration (English website)]


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