- Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
name = Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
caption =Fibiger won a Nobel Prize in 1926
April 23, 1867
January 30, 1928
nationality = Danish
prizes = 1926
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (
April 23, 1867 Silkeborg- January 30, 1928 Copenhagen) was a Danish scientist who won the 1926 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Fibiger had claimed to find an organism he called " Spiroptera carcinoma" that caused cancerin mice and rats. Later, it was shown that this specific organism was not the primary cause of the tumors. Because of this, some consider Fibiger's Nobel Prize to be undeserved, but others credit Fibiger with showing that external stimuli can induce cancer.
tuberculosisin lab rats, Fibiger found tumors in some of his rats. He discovered that these tumors were associated with parasitic nematodeworms that had been living in some cockroaches that the rats had eaten. He thought that these organisms may have been the cause of the cancer. In fact, the rats had been suffering from a vitamin Adeficency and this was the main cause of the tumors. The parasites had merely caused the tissue irritation that drove the damaged cells into cancer; any tissue irritation could have induced the tumors. Although the specific link between the parasites and cancer was later known to be relatively unimportant, the idea that tissue damage was a cause of cancer was still an important advance in cancer research.
One of his experiments from 1898 is by some regarded as the first controlled
clinical trial. [Cite journal
A. Hrobjartsson, P. C. Gotzsche& C. Gluud
title = The controlled clinical trial turns 100 years: Fibiger's trial of serum treatment of diphtheria
volume = 317
issue = 7167
pages = 1243–1245
year = 1998
month = October
pmid = 9794873]
Fibiger became a medical doctor in 1890 and studied under
Robert Kochand Emil Adolf von Behringin Berlin. He received his research doctorate from the University of Copenhagenin 1895 and became a professor there.
*"Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1922-1941", Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1965.
title=Of Fibiger and fables: a cautionary tale of cockroaches and Helicobacter pylori.
periodical=J. Clin. Gastroenterol.
publication-date=1998 Dec 14
title= [Centenary of Fibiger's controlled clinical trial]
publication-date=1998 Nov 14
title=The Nobel chronicles. 1926: Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (1867-1928).
publication-date=1992 May 1
title=Johannes Fibiger and his Nobel Prize for the hypothesis that a worm causes stomach cancer.
periodical=Ann. Intern. Med.
* [http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/1926/fibiger-bio.html Nobel Prize Biography]
* [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/1443.html Biography from WhoNamedIt]
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Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger — Johannes Andreas Grib en 1928. Nombre … Wikipedia Español
Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger — (n. Silkeborg, Dinamarca, 23 de abril de 1867 en † Copenhague, 30 de enero de 1928). Médico danés. Estudió en la Universidad de Copenhague donde obtuvo su licenciatura en 1890. Posteriormente amplió sus estudios en la Universidad de Berlín, donde … Enciclopedia Universal
Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fibiger. Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (23 avril 1867 à Silkeborg, Danemark … Wikipédia en Français
Medizinnobelpreis 1926: Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger — Dem dänischen Pathologen gelang 1913 die erste experimentelle Krebserzeugung beim Tier, wofür er 1926 mit dem Nobelpreis ausgezeichnet wurde. Biografie Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, * Silkeborg 23. 4. 1867, ✝ Kopenhagen 30. 1. 1928; 1894… … Universal-Lexikon
Fibiger , Johannes Andreas Grib — (1867–1928) Danish physician Fibiger, born the son of a physician at Silkeborg in Denmark, was educated at the University of Copenhagen, completing his medical studies in 1890. After some hospital work and further study in Berlin under Robert… … Scientists
Fibiger, Johannes Andreas Grib — born April 23, 1867, Silkeborg, Den. died Jan. 30, 1928, Copenhagen Danish pathologist. He found that rats that had suffered stomach tissue inflammation caused by the larvae of a worm infecting cockroaches the rats had eaten subsequently… … Universalium
Fibiger, Johannes Andreas Grib — (23 abr. 1867, Silkeborg, Dinamarca–30 ene. 1928, Copenhague). Patólogo danés. Descubrió que las ratas que habían sufrido una gastritis, causada por las larvas de un gusano que infectaba ciertas cucarachas, que les servían de alimento,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Johannes Fibiger — Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fibiger. Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger est un médecin … Wikipédia en Français
Johannes Fibiger — Johannes Fibiger, 1928 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (* 23. April 1867 in Silkeborg, Dänemark; † 30. Januar 1928 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Pathologe. Fibiger lieferte wesentliche Arbeiten über Infektionskrankheiten. Für seine Entdeckung… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fibiger, Johannes — ▪ Danish pathologist in full Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger born April 23, 1867, Silkeborg, Den. died Jan. 30, 1928, Copenhagen Danish pathologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1926 for achieving the first… … Universalium