- Benjamin Victor Cohen
Benjamin V. Cohen (September 23, 1894 (
Muncie, Indiana) – August 15, 1983 (Washington, D.C.)), who had a public service career that spanned from the early New Dealthrough and beyond the Vietnam Warera, was a key figure in the administrations of Franklin D. Rooseveltand Harry S. Trumanfrom 1933 - 1952.
Cohen was counsel for the American
ZionistMovement from 1919 - 1921 and a New York corporate lawyer from 1922 - 1933.
Cohen's first appearance on the national scene was as a member of President
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Brain Trust. Cohen became a part of the Roosevelt's administration in 1933 when Felix Frankfurter, then a Harvard University Law School professor, brought Cohen, Thomas Corcoran, and James M. Landistogether to write what became the Truth In Securities Act. Later that year Cohen was assigned to work on railroad legislation.
Much of Cohen's work during the
New Dealwas in conjunction with Corcoran. Together they were known as the "gold dust twins" and were on the [http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19380912,00.html cover] of TIMEMagazine's [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601380912,00.html September 12, 1938, edition] .
In 1941, during the period leading up to the entry of the United States into
World War IIhe helped write the Lend-Leaseplan.
Cohen also assisted in the drafting of the
Dumbarton Oaksagreement for the Dumbarton Oaks Conferenceleading to the establishment of the United Nations.
University of Chicago(Ph.B. 1914; J.D. 1915). Harvard Law School(S.J.D. 1916)
Cohen was the uncle of
Selma Jeanne Cohen, a prominent dance historian. ["See" [http://www.nypl.org/research/manuscripts/dance/dancohen.xml#id0x03c002a0 Selma Jeanne Cohen Papers b. 3 f. 20] .]
* [http://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/un/large/documents/index.php?documentdate=1953-01-12&documentid=23&studycollectionid=UN&pagenumber=1 "Report on the Work of the United Nations Disarmament Commission"] (1953)
United Nations: Constitutional Developments, Growth, and Possibilities" (Harvard University Press : 1961)
Lasser, William, "Benjamin V. Cohen: Architect of the New Deal" (Yale University Press : 2002)
Louchheim, Katie (Ed.), "The Making of the New Deal: The Insiders Speak" (Harvard University Press 1983)
[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,760147,00.html The Janizariat] ,
TIMEMagazine (September 12, 1938)
[http://www.feri.org/kiosk/profile.cfm?QID=2589 Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute]
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COHEN, BENJAMIN VICTOR — (1894–1983), U.S. lawyer and presidential adviser. Cohen was born in Muncie, Indiana. He was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1916. Cohen served as secretary to Judge julian w. mack in New York until 1917, then as attorney to the U.S. Shipping… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Cohen, Benjamin Victor — (1894 1983) The son of Polish immigrants, Benjamin Cohen was born in Muncie, Indiana. He earned a degree in philosophy and doctorate in jurisprudence from the University of Chicago and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1916. Cohen was… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
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LAWYERS — Introduction Although Jews were noted advocates at Brighegua near Toledo, Spain, as early as 1436, and though converted Jews were prominent lawyers in South America in the 17th century, Jews were generally prevented from practicing law in most of … Encyclopedia of Judaism