- Landgraviate of Hesse
Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Landgrafschaft Hessen"
conventional_long_name = Landgraviate of Hesse
common_name = Hesse
continent = Europe
region = Central Europe
country = Germany
era = Middle Ages, Reformation
status = Vassal
empire = Holy Roman Empire
government_type = Monarchy
year_start = 1264
year_end = 1567
event_start = Partitioned from
event1 = Partitioned in twain
date_event1 = 1458–1500
event_end = Partitioned in four
p1 = Thuringia
s1 = Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel)
flag_s1 = Flag of Hesse.svg
s2 = Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt
flag_s2 = Flag of Hesse.svg
s3 = Hesse-Marburg
flag_s3 = Flag of Hesse.svg
s4 = Hesse-Rheinfels
flag_s4 = Flag of Hesse.svg
leader1 = Henry I "the Child"
leader2 = Philip I "the Magnanimous"
year_leader1 = 1264–1308
year_leader2 = 1509–1567
title_leader = LandgraveThe Landgraviate of Hesse ( _de. Landgrafschaft Hessen) was a Landgraviate of the
Holy Roman Empire. It existed as a unity from 1264 to 1567, when it was divided between the sons of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.
In the early Middle Ages
Hessehad been part of the landgraviate of Thuringia, but following the War of Thuringian Successionit was inherited by the younger son of Henry II, Duke of Brabant. Henry I, Landgrave of Hesse, also called "Henry the Child", became the first Landgrave of Hesse in 1246.
Between 1458 and 1500 the landgraviate was divided in Upper Hesse and Lower Hesse.
The Landgraviate rose to primary importance under
Philip I, Landgrave of Hessealso called "Philip the Magnanimous" who embraced Protestantismin 1524 and thereafter took steps to create a protective alliance of Protestant princes and powers.
Upon the death of Philip I in 1567, the Landgraviate was divided between his sons from his first marriage into the:
* Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) (later
electorate of Hesse, 1567–1806 and 1813–66, incorporated in the kingdom of Prussia): William IV of Hesse
* Landgraviate of Hesse-Marburg (1567–1650, incorporated in the landgraviates of Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt):
Louis IV of Hesse
Landgraviate of Hesse-Rheinfels(1567–83, incorporated in the landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel): Philip II of Hesse
Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt(1567–1806, later Grand Duchy of Hesseand the Rhine 1806–1918, incorporated in the Weimar Republic): Georg of Hesse
Rulers of Hesse
* [http://www.philipp-von-hessen.de/bilder/presse/philipps_hessen.jpgMap of the Landgraviate of Hesse under Philip I the Magnanimous]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt — Infobox Former Country native name = Landgrafschaft Hessen Darmstadt conventional long name = Landgraviate of Hesse Darmstadt common name = Hesse Darmstadt continent = Europe region = Germany country = Germany era = status = Vassal status text=… … Wikipedia
Landgraviate of Hesse-Rotenburg — Hesse Rotenburg is a former German landgraviate which was broken up in 1834. In 1627 Ernest (1623 1693), a younger son of Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse Kassel (or Hesse Cassel), received Rheinfels and lower Katzenelnbogen as his inheritance, and… … Wikipedia
Hesse (disambiguation) — Hesse may refer to:Place names* The German State of Hesse ( Bundesland Hessen ), or an inhabitant there of (1946 present)* Greater Hesse was a German territory created by the US military administration in at the end of World War II (1945 1946)*… … Wikipedia
Hesse — • The name of a German tribe, and also a district in Germany extending along the Lahn, Eder, Fulda, Werra, and the Lower Main and Rhine Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hesse Hesse … Catholic encyclopedia
Hesse-Darmstadt — or the German Hessen Darmstadt is a name that describes: * Landgraviate of Hesse Darmstadt ( Landgrafschaft Hessen Darmstadt ) (1567 1806), a state of the Holy Roman Empire * Grand Duchy of Hesse ( Großherzogtum Hessen ) (1806 1918), formed after … Wikipedia
Hesse-Kassel — Infobox Former Country native name = Landgrafschaft Hessen Kassel Kurfürstentum Hessen conventional long name = Landgraviate of Hesse Kassel Electorate of Hesse common name = Hesse Kassel continent = Europe region = Germany country = Germany… … Wikipedia
Hesse-Marburg — Infobox Former Country native name = Landgrafschaft Hessen Marburg conventional long name = Landgraviate of Hesse Marburg common name = Hesse Marburg| continent = Europe region = Central Europe country = Germany era = Middle Ages, Reformation… … Wikipedia
Hesse-Homburg — Infobox Former Country native name = Landgrafschaft Hessen Homburg conventional long name = Landgraviate of Hesse Homburg common name = Hesse Homburg continent = Europe country = Germany status text = State of the Holy Roman Empire State of the… … Wikipedia
Hesse — Infobox German Bundesland Name = Hesse German name = Hessen state coa = Coat of arms of Hesse.svg flag2 = Flag of Hesse (state).svg capital = Wiesbaden largest city = Frankfurt area = 21100 area source = population = 6073000 pop ref = [cite web… … Wikipedia
Hesse-Nassau — Infobox Former Subdivision conventional long name = Province of Hesse Nassau common name = Hesse Nassau native name = Provinz Hessen Nassau subdivision=Province nation = Prussia image map caption = The Province of Hesse Nassau (red), within the… … Wikipedia