Etruria


Etruria

Etruria — usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia — was a region of Central Italy, [http://member.melbpc.org.au/~tmajlath/etruria.jpglocated in] an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Latium, Emilia-Romagna and Umbria. A particularly noteworthy work dealing with Etruscan locations is D. H. Lawrence's "Sketches of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays".

The ancient people of Etruria are labelled Etruscans and their complex culture was centered on numerous city-states that rose during the Villanovan period in the ninth century BC and were very powerful during the Orientalizing and Archaic periods. The Etruscans were a dominant culture in Italy by 650 BC, surpassing other ancient Italic peoples such as the Ligurians, and their influence may be seen beyond Etruria's confines in the Po River Valley and Latium, as well as in Campania and through their contact with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy (including Sicily). Indeed, at some Etruscan tombs, such at those of the Tumulus di Montefortini at Comeana (see Carmignano) in Tuscany, physical evidence of trade has been found in the form of grave goods — fine faience ware cups are particularly notable examples. Such trade occurred either directly with Egypt, or through intermediaries such as Greek or Etruscan sailors.

Rome was influenced strongly by the Etruscans, with a series of Etruscan kings ruling at Rome until 509 BC when the last Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was removed from power and the Roman Republic was established. The Etruscans are credited with influencing Rome's architecture and ritual practice; it was under the Etruscan kings that important structures such as the Capitolium, Cloaca Maxima and Via Sacra were realized.

The Etruscan civilization was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems.

The classical name "Etruria" was revived in the early 19th century, applied to the Kingdom of Etruria, an ephemeral creation of Napoleon I of France in Tuscany which existed from 1801 to 1807.

Cities

* Arezzo (Arretium)
* Caisra (Caere or Cisra)
* Clusium (Clevsin)
* Curtun (Cortona)
* Felathri (Volaterrae or modern Volterra)
* Fufluna (Pupluna, Latin Populonium, or modern Populonia)
* Perusia
* Tarchna or Tarchuna (Volscian Anxur, Latin Tarracina, or modern Terracina)
* Tarquinia (Tarchnal, Latin Tarquinii)
* Veii
* Volci (Velch)
* Volsinii (Velzna)
* Vetluna or Vatluna (Latin Vetulonium or modern Vetulonia)

:"See also: "Etruscan cities."

External links

* [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/_Periods/Roman/Archaic/Etruscan/_Texts/DENETR*/home.html Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria] , by George Dennis, an overview of Etruscan civilisation
* [http://xoomer.alice.it/asciatopo/etruria.html Toponymy of Etruria]


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  • Etruria — bezeichnet eine antike Region in Mittelitalien: Etrurien (lat./ital. Etruria; Land der Etrusker ) ein danach benannter napoleonischer Staat: das Königreich Etrurien (ital. Regno di Etruria) Etruria ist des Weiteren der Name verschiedener… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Etrurĭa — Etrurĭa, 1) (a. Geogr.), s. Etrurien; 2) (n. Geogr.), Dorf in der englischen Grafschaft Stafford, an den Nebencanälen des Grand Trunk Canal u. der Staffordshire Eisenbahn; nördlich von New Castle under Lyne; 100 Häuser, hier u. in der Nähe große… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Etrurĭa — Etrurĭa, Dorf in Staffordshire (England), am Grand Trunk Kanal, neuerdings der Stadt Hanley einverleibt, entstand um die berühmte, von Wedgwood (s.d.) begründete Tonwarenfabrik …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Etruria — (spr. ĭtruhriĕ), Ort in der engl. Grafsch. Stafford, jetzt zu Hanley gehörig; Mittelpunkt der Potteries (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Etruria — Etruria, Tuscia, bei den Griechen Tyrrhenia, der Theil Mittelitaliens zwischen den Flüssen Macra und Tiber, dem tyrrhen. Meere und dem Kamm des Apennin, von sehr verschiedener Bodenbeschaffenheit, im Ganzen fruchtbar und von seinen alten… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ETRURIA — Vide Hetruria …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Etruria — [i troor′ē ə] [L] ancient country (fl. 6th cent. B.C. ) occupying what is now Tuscany & part of Umbria in WC Italy …   English World dictionary

  • Etruria — Para otros usos de este término, véase Etruria (desambiguación). Etruria, antaño también llamada frecuentemente en textos griegos y latinos Tyrrhenia o Tirrenia, fue una antigua región histórica situada en el centro de Italia, en las regiones de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Etruria — Antigua región del centro de Italia, ubicada en el área que Toscana, Lazio y Umbria. El topónimo deriva de los etruscos que se instalaron allí fuertemente creando una especie de confederación o anfictionia. Tal confederación lo fue de las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Etruria — /i troor ee euh/, n. an ancient country located between the Arno and Tiber rivers, roughly corresponding to modern Tuscany in W Italy. * * * Ancient country, central Italy. It covered the region that now comprises Tuscany and part of Umbria.… …   Universalium


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