Cosmos-3M


Cosmos-3M

Infobox rocket
name =Kosmos-3M
(R-14 11K65M)



imsize = 80px
caption = Drawing of the Kosmos-3M
function =Orbital carrier rocket
manufacturer =Yuzhnoye/NPO Polyot
country-origin =Soviet Union (Russia)
cpl-year =
cpl =
height =32.4 m
alt-height =106.2 ft
diameter =2.4 m
alt-diameter =7.8 ft
mass = 109,000 kg
alt-mass =240,000 lb
stages = 2
LEO-payload = 1,500 kg
alt-LEO = 3,300 lb
payload-location = SSO
payload = 775 kg
alt-payload = 1,708 lb
payload-location2 =
payload2 =
alt-payload2 =
status = Active
sites = LC-132, Plesetsk; Kapustin Yar
first=15 May 1967
last=
launches =442
success =422
fail =20
partial =
stage1name = R-14U
stage1engines =1 RD-216
stage1thrust =1,486 kN
alt-stage1thrust =334,066 lbf
stage1SI = 291 sec
stage1time =170 seconds
stage1fuel = IRFNA/UDMH
stage2name =
stage2engines =1 RD-219
stage2thrust =883 kN
alt-stage2thrust =198,506 lbf
stage2SI =293 sec
stage2time =1620 seconds
stage2fuel = IRFNA/UDMH
The Cosmos-3M (11K65M) ( _ru. Космос-3М) is a Russian space launch vehicle. It is a liquid-fueled two-stage rocket, first launched in 1967 and with over 410 successful launches to its name. The Cosmos 3M uses nitrogen tetroxide as an oxidizer to lift roughly 1400 kg of payload into orbit. It differed from the earlier Cosmos 3 in its finer control of the second-stage burn, allowing operators to tune the thrust and even channel it through nozzles that helped orient the rocket for the launching of multiple satellites at one time. PO Polyot has manufactured these launch vehicles in the Russian town of Omsk for decades, though the latest digitally controlled rockets are now officially referred to as "Cosmos 3MU."

Launches

On June 26 1973 , the explosion of a Cosmos 3M at Plesetsk Cosmodrome killed 9 people. [cite web |url=http://www.avionews.com/index.php?corpo=see_news_home.php&news_id=1075972&pagina_chiamante=index.php |title=It happened today... on June 26th |publisher=AvioNews] In 1976, the explosion of a Cosmos 3M on its launchpad killed nine engineers.Fact|date=July 2007 More recently, on November 21, 2000, a Cosmos 3M launcher failed to place the QuickBird 1 satellite into orbit due to a failure of its second stage. The rocket and satellite reentered the atmosphere over Uruguay, and an inquest into the accident was inconclusive.

References

External links

* [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/cosmos3.html Cosmos - 1, 3, 3M and 3MU ]
* [http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/kos1k65m.htm Encyclopedia Astronautica entry]

Russian launch vehicles


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