An albarello is a type of maiolica earthenware jar originally designed to hold apothecaries' ointments and dry drugs.The development of this type of pharmacy jar had its roots in the Middle East during the time of the Islamic conquests. Brought to Italy by Hispano-Moresque traders, the earliest Italian examples were produced in Florence in the 15th century. "Albarelli" (plural) were made in Italy from the first half of the 15th century through to the late 18th century and beyond. Based on Persian designs said to emulate bamboo (the traditional manufacturing material), the jars are usually cylindrical with a slightly concave waist. Variations in size and style can be seen from region to region, ranging from 10cm to 40cm in height. Such jars served both functional and decorative purposes in traditional apothecaries and pharmacies, and represtented status and wealth. The jars were generally sealed with a piece of parchement or leather tied with a piece of cord.

The maiolica potter's preoccupation with ornamentation and design is no where more in evidence than on albarelli during the Renaissance. Common design themes include floral motifs against a white background, to more elaborate designs such as portraits of a cherub or priest, and can include a label describing the contents of the jar. Specific styles of decoration are now associated with various Italian locations, including Florence, Venice, Gerace and Palermo in Sicily.

NB.The example below is thought to be from the workshop of Giacomo Cefali at Gerace in Calabria, Sicily, dating to the first half of the 17th century.

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  • Albarello — Boutique d apothicaire par Jost Amman et Hans Sachs, 1568 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albarello — Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe. Mit dem Wort kann gemeint sein: ein speziell geformtes Apothekengefäß aus Majolika, eine Erziehungsform im Rebbau, siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albarello — Albarẹllo   [italienisch alberello »gläsernes Gefäß«] das, s/... relli, Alberẹllo, Apothekergefäß aus Majolika, von zylindrischer, in der Mitte leicht eingezogener Form; in Italien seit dem 16. Jahrhundert, dann auch in den übrigen europäischen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Albarello — Al|ba|rel|lo das; s, ...lli <aus gleichbed. it. albarello> Apothekergefäß von zylindrischer Form …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • albarello — /al beuh rel oh/, n., pl. albarellos, albarelli / rel ee/. a majolica jar of the 15th and 16th centuries, cylindrical with a waist slightly narrower than the ends, used in Spain and Italy for keeping dry drugs. [1870 75; < It, prob. dim. of… …   Universalium

  • albarello — noun A ceramic pharmacy or drug jar, generally majolica ware. They are usually tall rather than wide, and often of a waisted shape. Albarelli originated in the Middle East but their name is from Italian …   Wiktionary

  • albarello — al·ba·rèl·lo s.m. var. → 3alberello, 4alberello …   Dizionario italiano

  • albarello — {{hw}}{{albarello}}{{/hw}}o alberello s. m. Vaso da farmacia in ceramica decorata di forma cilindrica con lieve strozzatura nella parte centrale …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • albarello — pl.m. albarelli …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

  • albarello — al·ba·rel·lo …   English syllables