- Failure (band)
Infobox musical artist
Name = Failure
Background = group_or_band
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Alternative rock Space rock Stoner rock
Years_active = 1990-1997
Label = Slash
Associated_acts = Replicants
Year of the Rabbit Autolux A Perfect Circle Queens of the Stone Age
Blinker the Star
Troy Van Leeuwen
Past_members = Robert Gauss
Failure was an influential American
rock band(often also classified as alternative rockand/or space rock) that was active from 1990 to 1997, during which they recorded and released three critically-acclaimed albums. They are often compared to other hard rockbands from that time that were similarly labeled as "alternative", such as Nirvana, Soundgarden, or Bush, but are distinguished by their meticulous attention to textural sonic detail, inventive use of guitar effectsand signal processing, and the overall expansive sound designof their later albums. Although mainstreamsuccess narrowly eluded them, they still have many dedicated fans, many of whom are fellow musicians and peers within the music industry.
Failure was formed in 1990 by
Ken Andrews(vocals/guitars) and Greg Edwards (bass/guitar). Andrews and Edwards met one another through classified ads in Los Angeles, and started recording 4-track demos and playing gigs around LA with drummer Robert Gauss. During 1991, the band made some studio recordings with producer Paul Lani (who had previously worked with Enuff Z'nuff) and engineer Randy Pekich; four of the tracks from those sessions were released by the now-defunct label Sweet Smelling Records on a pair of 7-inch vinyl singles, "Pro-Catastrophe" and "Comfort".
In 1992, Failure signed with
Slash Records(an LA-based independent label whose releases were manufactured and distributed by Warner Bros.in the United States), and went to Minnesotato record their debut album with notorious producer Steve Albiniat Pachyderm Studiothat summer. "Comfort" was released in September 1992, and around this same time, they went on their first of several tours with Tool.
Both the band and Albini were unsatisfied with the sound of "Comfort", so when the band went back into the studio in 1993, Andrews and Edwards took on the role of producers themselves. Midway through these sessions, Gauss left the band, so Edwards played some drums himself, until a replacement was found in Kellii Scott. Their second album, "
Magnified", was released in March 1994; a promotional video (the band's first) was made for the single "Undone", but it received little airtime, if any, on any of the traditional music video outlets. Critics took note of the sonic and musical advances achieved on "Magnified", and other more well-known musicians also began singing Failure's praises. That year, they again went on tour with Tool, and during Failure's set each night, Tool guitarist Adam Jones came onstage to play rhythm guitaron the "Comfort" track "Macaque".
Anxious to build on the momentum afforded to them by the relative success of "Magnified", Andrews, Edwards, and Scott began recording again in 1995, this time in a rented home owned by
Lita Fordin the hills just outside of LA. With the band again producing themselves, and Andrews handling the lion's share of the engineering himself, the situation allowed the band to take far more time in recording than they ever had before, and follow their instincts as far as they chose without outside interference. As the recordings neared completion, they received word that their label's distribution deal with Warner had expired and would not be renewed. Since Failure was essentially sidelined while the owners of Slash were trying to negotiate a new distribution deal, the band members kept themselves busy with outside projects: Andrews and Edwards (and friends) recorded an album of covers under the name Replicants; Andrews produced albums for Blinker the Starand Molly McGuire (the Kansas City-based rock band, not the LA-based singer-songwriter); Scott did some session work. Meanwhile, the band continued to "unofficially" shop the record to other labels and industry personnel, while hoping that Warner would step up and release the album. In the spring of 1996, Warner did exactly that, agreeing to keep the Slash imprint one last time for Failure, and "Fantastic Planet" was released that August. Guitarist Troy Van Leeuwen, a friend and former bandmate of Scott's, joined Failure around the time of the album's release. The album's first single, "Stuck on You" (an ironically catchy mid- tempotrack that metaphorically compares loveto a nagging tune stuck in one's head), became a minor alternative-radio hit and achieved light to medium rotation on MTV, but failed to chart significantly. The song peaked at #31 on the U.S. Billboard Mainstream Rock chart and #23 on the Modern Rock chart. [ [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jpfoxql5ldte~T5 Billboard] , Allmusic] Other songs, such as "Saturday Saviour" and "Pitiful", received some airplay from more adventurous-minded DJs, but no more videos were made for any of the album's tracks, and due to the state of disarray at their label at that time, little effort was put into its promotion.
In 1997, the band were asked by friends in the industrial rock band
God Lives Underwaterto contribute a track for a Depeche Modetribute album that they were assembling; Failure chose to cover the 1990 hit " Enjoy the Silence", a worldwide smash and Depeche Mode's best-selling and most well-known single. The members of Depeche Mode were reportedly very pleased with the album, and with the Failure track particularly; Andrew Fletcher said that he actually prefers their cover over his band's original version. That summer, Failure also joined the Lollapaloozatour, during what became the last of that tour's travelling years. They were originally playing the side stage, but were promoted to the main stage to fill in for another band who had dropped out of the tour.
On November 19, 1997, Failure officially announced that they had disbanded, citing personal differences. In 2004, although the band had been inactive for many years, Andrews and Edwards got together to collaborate on a CD/DVD set entitled "Golden", which collects demos, outtakes, touring footage, both of the band's videos, and other rare material from the band's active period. Another posthumous compilation, a 2-CD set titled "Essentials", was assembled for release in 2006; the first disc contains selected tracks from Failure's three studio albums, and the second disc features the first official CD release of all four songs from their two pre-Slash singles, and the complete demos for "Magnified".
Ken Andrews has gone on to become a well-known producer, engineer, and mixer, and has been involved in several different music projects. ON (1999-2002) was more or less a solo project, and was not unlike Failure, in terms of songwriting, but the overall sound was more based on electronics, with less emphasis on guitars and the typical heavy rock sound.
Year of the Rabbit(2002-2004) saw Andrews' return to the four-piece rock band format, alongside ON's touring drummer, Tim Dow, and former members of National Skylineand Cupcakes; the harder-rocking sound of YotR is much closer to that of Failure, but the band lost momentum and eventually went on indefinite hiatus after their label, Elektra Records, was ostensibly shut down by its parent company. Throughout all of this, Andrews has become increasingly sought-after for his production and mixing skills, and his résuméhas expanded to include work on albums by Pete Yorn, Tenacious D, Black Rebel Motorcycle Club, and Mae, among many others. (Also notable is his participation in the production of " You Know My Name", the theme for the 2006 James Bondmovie Casino Royale, performed by ex- Soundgarden/ Audioslavefrontman Chris Cornell.) Currently, Andrews is performing as a solo artist, as well as collaborating in a self-described "digital band" called Los Angeles Digital Noise Academy, whose loose membership also includes Brad Laner (Medicine), Sharky Laguana ( Creeper Lagoon), Charlotte Martin(whom Andrews married in 2005), and others. He has also started a label, Dinosaur Fight Records, which has released his solo album and Martin's, and has announced their intention to release the forthcoming LADNA album, as well.
Greg Edwards collaborated with fellow musicians
Chris Pitman, Brad Laner, and Paul D'Amourin the psychedelic popoutfit Lusk, releasing the album Free Marsin 1997. In 2000, Edwards formed the band Autoluxin with vocalist/bassist Eugene Goreshter and former Ednaswapdrummer Carla Azar. Their self-produced, self-released 2001 EP "Demonstration" brought them to the attention of legendary producer T Bone Burnett, who used his vanity labelDMZ to secure them a contract with Sony BMG Music Entertainment and produced their debut album, " Future Perfect", which was released in October 2004 to general critical praise. They were hand-picked by Trent Reznorto open for Nine Inch Nails' North American arena tour in the autumn of 2005, playing bottom of the bill before Queens of the Stone Age. In 2006, they collaborated on a few tracks with the British musical outfit UNKLE, the results of which will be heard on UNKLE's forthcoming third album, War Stories, which is currently slated for a July 2007 release. Meanwhile, Autolux are hoping to have their second album completed and released by summer 2007. Troy Van Leeuwenfirst resurfaced in the original lineup of A Perfect Circle, appearing on their debut album, Mer De Noms(2000), and on the subsequent tour. During the sessions for APC's second album, Van Leeuwen was extended an invitation to join Queens of the Stone Age, which he accepted; he does appear on three tracks on the second APC album, Thirteenth Step(2003), but the included cover of Failure's "The Nurse Who Loved Me" is not one of them. He has remained with QotSA since then, first appearing on the tour for their 2002 album, Songs for the Deaf, but not on the album itself. Also, during this time, Van Leeuwen assembled the band Enemy, a vehicle in which he is the frontman and guitarist; their debut album, "Hooray for Dark Matter", was released in October 2005.
* [http://fantasticplanet.org/ The Failure Archive]
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