421 BC


421 BC

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Events

By place

Greece

* Nicias, the leader of the aristocratic and peace party in Athens and Pleistoanax, King of Sparta, negotiate the Peace of Nicias between Athens and Sparta, which brings a temporary end to the Peloponnesian War. The essence of the Peace of Nicias is a return to the prewar situation: most wartime gains are to be returned. Seventeen representatives from each side swear an oath to uphold the treaty, which is meant to last for fifty years. All of Sparta's allies agree to sign the peace, except for the Boeotians, Corinth, Elis, and Megara.
* Alcibiades engineers an anti-Spartan alliance between Athens and the democracies of Argos, Mantinea and Elis.

Italy

* The city of Cumae, the most northerly of the Greek colonies in Italy, falls to the Samnites.

By topic

Art

* The construction of the "Porch of the Maidens" (the Caryatid Porch) commences at the Erechtheion which is part of the Acropolis in Athens.

Drama

* Aristophanes' play "The Peace" is performed.

Births

*

Deaths

* Cratinus, Greek comedy author (approximate date) (b. 520 BC)


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