- Victoria, Malta
name = Victoria(Ir-Rabat Għawdex)
coa = Rabat_Gozo_coa.svg
motto = A Magna Maxima (From Great, Supreme)
official_name = Ir-Rabat Għawdex
inhabitants_name = Rabti t'Għawdex (m), Rabtija t'Għawdex (f), Rabtin t'Għawdex (pl), Vittorjan (m), Vittorjana (f), Vittorjani (pl)
latitude = 36°2 '37"
longitude = 14°14 '35"
population_total = 6,414 (Nov 2005)
borders = Fontana,
Għasri, Kerċem, Xagħra, Xewkija, Żebbuġ
St. George, St. Mary|feast = 23 April(St. George); 15 August(St. Mary)
website = [http://www.gozo.com/rabat/ gozo.com/rabat/] :"For Rabat on
MaltaIsland, see Rabat, Malta
Victoria or Città Vittoria is the capital of Gozo, an island of the Maltese
archipelagoin the Mediterranean Sea. The town has a total population of 6,414 (November 2005), and by population is the largest locality in Gozo.
Victoria is the name given in 1887 by the British government on the occasion of
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, at the request of the Bishop of Malta, Mons. Sir Pietro Pace. However Gozitans still often refer to it by its old name, Rabat. The area around Victoria, situated on a hill near the centre of the island, has been settled since Neolithictimes.
In the heart of Victoria lies the Citadella (Citadel), which has been the centre of activity of the island since possibly
Neolithictimes, but is known to be first fortified during the Bronze Ageapproximately around 1500 BC. It was later developed by the Phoeniciansand continued into becoming a complex Acropolisby Roman times.
The north side of the Citadel dates back to the
Aragonesedomination period, while the south flank, overlooking Victoria, was re-constructed under the Knights of St. John, namely between 1599 and 1603 The massive defensive stone walls of the fortifications rise above the town and were built by the Knights to protect the village communities from foraging corsairsattempting to take slaves and threatened invasion of Moslem forces fighting Christendom.
Within its walls lies a fine 17th century
baroqueCathedral designed by Lorenzo Gafà, the Maltese architect who also built the Cathedral of Mdina. It is said that it lies on the site where a Roman temple dedicated to Juno once stood. It is most famous for the remarkable trompe l'oeilpainting on its ceiling, which depicts the interior of a dome that was never built.
Victoria is home to three football clubs, SK Victoria Wanderers, [http://www.victoriahotspursfc.com Victoria Hotspurs F.C] and [http://www.oratoryyouths.com Oratory Youths] , and two well equipped
Feasts of Victoria, Gozo
Five feasts are celebrated in Victoria, the island of Gozo, the two main feast are the feast of St. George and the feast of Assumption of the Virgin Mary. The feast dedicated to St. Mary, devoted in its Cathedral situated in the centre of the Citadel dominating the whole island and the another one dedicated to St. George, the patron saint of Gozo celebrated in St. George's Basilica in the heart of Victoria.
In Victoria there is the feast of the Immaculate Conception in the church of St Francis this feast is celebrated on 8 December of every year by the Franciscan conventual friars. A feast of Our Lady of Divine Grace is celebrated as the last feast of the feast season by the Franciscan capuchin frias in the church dedicated to Our Lady of Divine Grace. The feast of St. John Bosco is celebrated in the Don Bosco Oratory.
*La Stella Philharmonic Society (Is-Soċjetà Filarmonika La Stella) the first legal philharmonic society in Gozo. The La Stella Band organises the annual external feast of Saint George in Victoria. La Stella Philharmonic Society has a theatre, Teatru Astra, in which numerous cultural activities are held every year. The Society also organises the Festival Mediterranea, which offers all that Gozo boasts of in the cultural and artistic arena: opera, classical and symphonic music, a wealth of archaeology and history that is Gozo’s heritage, folklore and cuisine. The festival is held every year in October/November. [http://www.lastella.com.mt La Stella Philharmonic Society AD 1863]
*Leone Philharmonic Society (Is-Soċjetà Filarmonika Leone) this band organizes the feast of Saint Mary. Leone Philharmonic Society has a theatre, Teatru Aurora in which every year is organize an opera [http://www.leone.org.mt Leone Philharmonic Society]
t George's Parish
parishwhich covers the whole of Victoria, caters for a little over half of population of Victoria, as it is a personal parish (as opposed to other parishes who are territorial) operating in the city of Victoria. It's Parish Churchdedicated to St. Georgehas the status of a Basilica. This church was built in the 1670s and suffered severe damage in the earthquake of 1693. A new facade was built in 1818. The dome and the aisles are of recent construction (1930s and 40s). There are several works of art in this church which include the painting of the dome and ceiling by Gian Battista Contiof Rome and other paintings by Mattia Preti. The titular statue of St. George is carved from solid wood by Paolo Azzopardiin 1841. The area over which the church is built is of considerable archaeological interest, with evidence of activity dating back to at least to the Roman period.
The parish celebrates two feasts during the year:
23 April, the official date celebrating the death of the martyr, and the third Sunday of July.
[http://www.stgeorge.org.mt St George's Basilica, Victoria]
Zones in Victoria
*Qasam San Ġorġ
*Ta' Wara s-Sur
Victoria Main Roads
*Pjazza Fuq it-Tomba (Tomba Square)
*Pjazza Indipendenza (Independence Square)
*Pjazza San Frangisk (St Francis Square)
*Pjazza San Gorg (St George's Square)
*Pjazza Santu Wistin (St Augustine Square)
*Triq Dingli (Dingli Street)
*Triq Enriku Mizzi (Enrico Mizzi Street)
*Triq Fortunato Mizzi (Fortunato Mizzi Street)
*Triq Għajn Qatet
*Triq Ġużè Ellul Mercer (G. Ellul Mercer Street)
*Triq il-Kappuċċini (Capuchins' Street)
*Triq il-Papa Ġwanni Pawlu II (Pope John Paul II Street)
*Triq ir-Repubblika (Republic Street)
*Triq it-Tabib Anton Tabone (Dr Anton Tabone Street)
*Triq l-Ewropa (Europe Street)
*Triq l-Imgħallem (Foreman Street)
*Triq Mejlak (Mejlak Road)
*Triq Monsinjur S. Lanzon (Mgr. S. Lanzon Street)
*Triq Ninu Cremona (Ninu Cremona Street)
*Triq Putirjal (Main Gate Street)
*Triq Sant' Orsla (St Ursola Street)
*Triq Sir George Borg Olivier
*Triq Ta' Kerċem (Kercem Road)
*Triq Tomba (Tomba Street)
*Triq Viani (Viani Street)
*Triq Wara s-Sur (By the Bastion Street)
*Triq Wied il-Lunzjata (Lunzjata Valley Road)
* [http://www.gozo.gov.mt/pages.aspx?page=37 Ministry of Gozo - Victoria]
* [http://www.victoria.org.mt/ Victoria Local Council]
* [http://www.mediterranea.com.mt/default.asp Festival Mediterranea]
* [http://www.lastella.com.mt La Stella Philharmonic Society AD 1863]
* [http://www.stgeorge.org.mt/news.asp St George's Basilica]
* [http://www.visitmalta.com/en/what_to_see/wts_maltaspast/wts_maltapast_cittadellavictori/wts_maltapast_cittadellavi_new.html Visit Malta - Citadella and Victoria]
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