Biomusicology


Biomusicology

Biomusicology is the study of music from a biological point of view. The term was coined by Nils L. Wallin (1991). Music is an aspect of the behaviour of the human and possibly other species. As humans are living organisms, the scientific study of music is therefore part of biology, thus the "bio" in "biomusicology".

Biomusicologists are expected to have completed formal studies in both biology or other experimental sciences and musicology including music theory. The three main branches of biomusicology are evolutionary musicology, neuromusicology, and comparative musicology. Evolutionary musicology studies the "origins of music, the question of animal song, selection pressures underlying music evolution," and "music evolution & human evolution." Neuromusicology studies the "brain areas involved in music processing, neural and cognitive processes of musical processing," and "ontogeny of musical capacity and musical skill." Comparative musicology studies the "functions and uses of music, advantages and costs of music making," and "universal features of musical systems and musical behavior." Wallin, Merker, and Brown, eds. (2000). "An Introduction to Evolutionary Musicology", "The Origins of Music", p.5f1.1. ISBN 0-262-23206-5.]

Applied biomusicology "attempts to provide biological insight into such things as the therapeutic uses of music in medical and psychological treatment; widespread use of music in the audiovisual media such as film and television; the ubiquitous presence of music in public places and its role in influencing mass behavior; and the potential use of music to function as a general enhancer of learning." ibid, p.6]

Zoomusicology, as opposed to anthropomusicology, is most often biomusicological, and biomusicology is often zoomusicological.

See also

*Biogenetic Structuralism
*Biophony
*Birdsong
*Cultural evolution
*Entrainment (Biomusicology)
*Evolutionary musicology
*Music and the brain
*Vocal learning
*Whale song
*Zoomusicology

References

*Wallin, Merker, and Brown, eds. (2000). "An Introduction to Evolutionary Musicology", "The Origins of Music". ISBN 0-262-23206-5.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Entrainment (biomusicology) — Entrainment in the biomusicological sense refers to the synchronization of organisms to an external rhythm, usually produced by other organisms with whom they interact socially. Examples include firefly flashing, mosquito wing clapping as well as …   Wikipedia

  • Music therapy — Intervention ICD 9 CM 93.84 MeSH …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary musicology — Not to be confused with Evolutionary music. Evolutionary musicology is a subfield of biomusicology that grounds the psychological mechanisms of music perception and production in evolutionary theory. It covers vocal communication in non human… …   Wikipedia

  • Never Come Undone — EP by La Dispute and Koji Released May 3, 2011 …   Wikipedia

  • Dance — For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). Dancer and Dancing redirect here. For other uses, see Dancer (disambiguation) and Dancing (disambiguation). Dance …   Wikipedia

  • Unison — For other uses, see Unison (disambiguation). Perfect unison  Play ( …   Wikipedia

  • Zoomusicology — is a field of musicology and zoology or more specifically, zoosemiotics. Zoomusicology is the study of the music of animals, or rather the musical aspects of sound or communication produced and received by animals.Zoomusicology may be… …   Wikipedia

  • The Tyranny of Distance (album) — Infobox Album | Name = The Tyranny of Distance Type = Album Artist = Ted Leo and the Pharmacists Released = June 19, 2001 Recorded = Genre = Rock Length = 48:51 Label = Lookout! Records Producer = Brendan Canty Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|4.5|5… …   Wikipedia

  • Prehistoric music — Musical eras Prehistoric Ancient (before AD 500) Early (500 – 1760) Common practice (1600 – 1900) Modern and contemporary (1900 – present) Prehistoric music ( …   Wikipedia

  • Preadaptation — In evolutionary biology, preadaptation describes a situation where an organism uses a preexisting anatomical structure inherited from an ancestor for a potentially unrelated purpose. One example of preadaptation is dinosaurs having used feathers… …   Wikipedia