- Portobello, Edinburgh
Portobello is a beach resort located three miles (5 km) to the east of the city centre of
Edinburgh, along the coast of the Firth of Forth, in Scotland. It is now a suburb of Edinburgh, with a promenadefronting on to the wide sand beach. For many years it was a popular resort with Glaswegians, particularly when the Glasgow Fair trades holidaysignalled the start of the rainy season in the westFact|date=January 2008.
The area was originally known as Figgate and was used as
pastureby the monks of Holyrood Abbey. The "Scots Magazine" in 1806 said the lands were "a perfect waste covered almost entirely with whins or furze." [ Gilbert, W.M., editor, "Edinburgh in the Nineteenth Century", Edinburgh, 1901: 45]
By the 18th century it had become a haunt of seamen and
smugglers, and around the middle of that century gained the name Portobello from a cottage built by a seaman who had served in the 1739 campaign at Puerto Belloin Panama.
In 1763, still officially called Figgate, the lands were sold by Lord Milton to Baron Mure for about £1500, and afterwards feued out by the latter to a Mr. Jameson at the rate of £3 per acre. Land values subsequently rose, and by the turn of the century some parts had been sold at a yearly
feu-duty of £40 per annum for every acre. Portobello developed into a fashionable bathing resort, and in 1807 new salt-water baths were erected at a cost of £5000. [ Gilbert, W.M., editor, "Edinburgh in the Nineteenth Century", Edinburgh, 1901: 45]
By 1801 Portobello Sands were being used for drill practice by the
Edinburgh Light Horse. Walter Scottwas kicked by a horse and, while recovering, he finished " The Lay of the Last Minstrel". In 1822, the Visit of King George IV to Scotland, organised by Scott, included a review of troops and Highlanders held on the sands, with spectators crowding the sand dunes.
During the 19th century Portobello also became an industrial town, manufacturing bottles, bricks, glass, lead, paper, pottery, soap, and mustard, as well as developing an oyster fishery.
In 1833 the town was made a
burgh, then in 1896 it was incorporated into Edinburgh by Act of Parliament. [ Gilbert, W.M., editor, "Edinburgh in the Nineteenth Century", Edinburgh, 1901: 176] A formidable red-brick power station was built in 1934 at the west end of the beach, which operated until 1977. It was demolished in the following 18 months. [ Gifford, John; McWilliam, Colin; Walker, David; Wilson, Christopher, editors, "The Buildings of Scotland - Edinburgh", London, 1984: 650, ISBN 0-14-0710-68-X ,]
Between 1846 and 1964 a railway station provided ready access for visitors to the resort, whose facilities came to include a large open air heated swimming pool (where the actor
Sean Conneryhad once worked as a life guard) which made use of the power station's spare heat. It was closed in 1984. There was also a lido (now closed) and there is a permanent fun-fair (Fun City - Amusement Emporium).
Bridge Street, Portobello, was the birthplace of
vaudevilleentertainer Sir Harry Lauder [ Lauder, Sir Harry, "Roamin' in the Gloamin" (autobiography) Hutchinson & Co., Ltd., London, 1928: 34] and the memorial garden beside the 'new' Town Hall (built between 1909 - 1912 by architect James A Williamson [ Gifford, John; McWilliam, Colin; Walker, David; Wilson, Christopher, editors, "The Buildings of Scotland - Edinburgh", London, 1984: 653, ISBN 0-14-0710-68-X ,] ) is named after him.The Celtic fiddlevirtuoso Johnny Cunninghamwas also born in Portobello.
Portobello gave its name to the town of Portobello in
New Zealand, which lies close to the city of Dunedin(itself named for Edinburgh).
Portobello is situated next to
Joppa, Edinburgh, another suburb of Edinburgh
* [http://porty.org.uk Portobello Community Website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Portobello — steht für: Portobello (Dublin), ein Stadtteil von Dublin Portobello (Edinburgh), ein Stadtteil von Edinburgh Portobello (Neuseeland), eine Stadt in Neuseeland Portobello (Sardinien), Gegend im Norden Sardiniens Portobello, ein Gebiet in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Portobello — can refer to the following.;Placenames * Portobelo, Panama (also Puerto Bello and Porto Belo ) * The Battle of Porto Bello, a 1739 British naval victory from which may other uses take their name.*In the United Kingdom: ** Portobello, Edinburgh ** … Wikipedia
Portobello — PORTOBELLO, a parliamentary burgh, and lately a quoad sacra parish, chiefly in the parish of Duddingston, but partly in that of South Leith, county of Edinburgh, 3 miles (E.) from Edinburgh; containing 3588 inhabitants. This place, which is… … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
Edinburgh — EDINBURGH, a city, the seat of a university, and the metropolis of the kingdom of Scotland, situated in longitude 3° 10 30 (W.), and latitude 55° 57 29 (N.), about a mile (S. by W.) from Leith, 40 miles (S.S.W.) from Dundee, 42 (E. by N.) from … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
Portobello High School — is a large secondary school in the east of Edinburgh, (despite the name) just outside of the town, Portobello. With 1450 pupils it is one of the largest state schools in Edinburgh and Scotland. The building is also one of the largest buildings in … Wikipedia
Portobello, New Zealand — Portobello is a village beside the Otago Harbour halfway along the Otago Peninsula in Dunedin City, New Zealand. It lies at the foot of a small peninsula (Portobello Peninsula) between Portobello Bay and Latham Bay.Like scores of Dunedin features … Wikipedia
Portobello (Neuseeland) — Portobello … Deutsch Wikipedia
Edinburgh Corporation Tramways — formerly served the City of Edinburgh, Scotland. The city used four wheeled double decked trams painted dark red (madder) and white a livery still used by Lothian Buses. OriginsThe first trams in Edinburgh were horse drawn and operated by the… … Wikipedia
Edinburgh Monarchs — Club information Track address Armadale Stadium Bathgate Road Armadale West Lothian Country … Wikipedia
Edinburgh amateur theatre — Edinburgh supports a large number of active amateur dramatics and musical theatre companies. Most weeks see at least one amateur production running, using one of the myriad small theatres and church halls, many of which are familiar with hosting… … Wikipedia