- José Bové
Joseph (José) Bové (born
June 11, 1953) is a French farmer and syndicalist, member of the alter-globalization movement, and spokesman for Via Campesina. He was one of the twelve official candidates in the 2007 French presidential election. [cite news|title=No shocks as 12 candidates qualify for French vote|url=http://uk.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUKL1961334520070319|publisher=Reuters|date= 2007-03-20]
Bové was born in
Talence, near Bordeaux, but raised in many different places, both inside and outside France, including the United States. Bové speaks English fluently, having followed his parents to Berkeley, Californiaat the age of three, when they were invited to be researchers at the University of California, Berkeley.
Bové attended a
Jesuitsecondary school near Paris(from which he was expelled for expressing non-mainstream views about drugs). While at university, he frequented anarchists and pacifists. When asked to serve in the army, he fled France.
In 1976 Bové joined a movement protesting against the proposed expansion of a
military campon the Larzac plateau, which would have displaced sheep farmers. He joined a band of peasants occupying the threatened territory and illegally building a sheep barn. The protest eventually succeeded and the military plan was cancelled. As a result of that experience he became a sheep farmer, producing Roquefort cheese on the Larzac.
Bové remained a farmer and an activist. In 1987, he formed the "
Confédération Paysanne", an agricultural union that places its highest political values on humans and the environment, promoting organic farming. In opposition to many companies in the profit-oriented agro-industry, Bové is a prominent opponent of genetically modified organisms. In 1995, he joined Greenpeaceon their ship, the "Rainbow Warrior", in opposition to nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific Ocean. He also has been part of the anarchistorganization Alternative Libertaire.
The event which brought Bové and the "Confédération" to the foreground, was the dismantling of a
McDonald'sfranchise in Millau( Aveyron), in 1999. [ [http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x16jyr_jose-bove-farmers-attack-to-mcdonal video relating to the McDonalds protest] ] Considered by his supporters to be non-violent, the act was designed to raise awareness about McDonalds use of hormone-treated beef. Bové was sentenced to three months imprisonment for his role in the incident and he was imprisoned for 44 days; he was finally released on August 1, 2002. His involvement in this incident garnered world attention to himself and his causes.
European Unionimposed restrictions on importing hormone-treated beef (see Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement). However, the WTO, of which both the US and France are members, disallowed this restriction. After the EU refused to comply and remove the restrictions, the United States placed tariffs on the importation of certain European goods, including Roquefort cheese, as punishment. José Bové is a producer of this cheese.
In one of his books, Bové tells the story on how subsequently, he travelled to the United States with thirty
kilograms of Roquefort in his luggage, and how he was let in.
") that has tagged him as "alter-globalization" activist, even though literally, his supporters state that he is not against globalization
He was present at the 1999 protests of the
World Trade Organizationin Seattle. In 2001, he took part in a large action destroying genetically modified crops in Brazil.
He campaigned for a "No" vote in the French referendum on the
EU Constitutionin 2005 (the proposal was defeated).
In April 2002, he was at the head of an activist group arriving in the
West Bankto protest the massive Israeli Army operation conducted at that time, causing many civilian Palestinian casualties (" Operation Defensive Shield" in official Israeli terminology).
This culminated with the group entering
Yassir Arafat's headquarters in Ramallah, at the time besieged by Israeli forces and with the possibility of breaking in to capture of kill Arafat seriously discussed in the Israeli political and military high echelons. Bové joined with members of the then newly-established International Solidarity Movement( ISM), who were at the time maintaining an ongoing presence at the Palestinian Presidential Compound as a kind of "human shields" to deter the army from breaking in.
After spending a day in the besieged headquarters, where he and the others in his group were very cordially received, Bové came out and was promptly arrested and deported by
Israeli police. Upon his return to France, dozens of pro-Israeli and pro-Palestinian demonstrators scuffled briefly at Paris' Orly airport.
Subsequently, in an interview with TV channel Canal Plus, Bové stated that the wave of attacks against French synagogues then underway was being either arranged or fabricated by
Mossad(the Israeli secret service). "Who profits from the crime?" Bové asked. "The Israeli government and its secret services have an interest in creating a certain psychosis, in making believe that there is a climate of antisemitism in France, in order to distract attention from what they are doing." [ [http://www.aijac.org.au/review/2002/276/france_antisem.html ("Liberte, Egalite, Judeophobie")] ] He later apologized for the statement. [ [http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/economie/fin-de-campagne_490614.html Fin de campagne ] ] . His visit to Arafat was denounced in a speech by the head of France's CRIFumbrella group for Jewish organisations. [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=256708&contrassID=3&subContrassID=0&sbSubContrassID=0 1 Ha'aretz report of speech by Roger Cukierman, head of CRIF] ]
Bové has also intervened to support the movements of the
Tahitians and the Kanaks, the indigenous Melanesian people of New Caledonia. On April 23, 2004, Jose Bové announced that he would join the People's Congress of Kurdistan(Kongra-Gel), a group which is on the European Union's and United States State Department's lists of terrorist groups.
In 1976, Bové was sentenced and served three weeks of imprisonment for having destroyed documents belonging to the military, as a way to oppose the extension of
Larzacmilitary camp. [fr iconcite news|title=Biographie José Bové|url=http://www.lepoint.fr/content/presidentielle2007/article?id=113464|publisher=Le Point]
On June 22, 2003, Bové began serving a sentence of ten months for the destruction of transgenic crops.
ATTACprotested and called for him to be freed. A general pardon for Bastille Day, plus an individual action by President Jacques Chirac, reduced the sentence to seven months. Supporters and opponents expressed dissatisfaction with the Presidential pardon on the grounds that it was entirely inadequate and wholly unjustified, respectively. On November 15, 2005, the Toulousecourt of appeals sentenced Bové to 4 months in jail for having destroyed genetically engineered corn from a field. Other defendants, such as Noël Mamère, got suspended sentences. [ [http://news.tf1.fr/news/france/0,,3263244,00.html Infos en direct et en vidéo, l'actualité en temps réel - tf1.fr ] ]
In February, 2006, Bové was stopped by
U.S. Customs and Border Protectionagents at New York's JFK Airport as he arrived en route to Cornell University's School of Industrial and Labor Relations for events sponsored by Cornell's Global Labor Institute. According to Bové, the Customs agents told him he was "ineligible" to enter the U.S. as the result of his past prosecutions for "moral crimes". After being detained for several hours, Bové was placed on an Air Franceflight to Paris. [ [http://www.thenation.com/blogs/thebeat?pid=58333 Jose Bove's Not Welcome in Bush's USA ] ]
Following an appeal from his supporters who got 40,000 signatures, in January 2007, Bové announced he would run in the 2007 French presidential election. He formally declared on February 1 and managed in six weeks to obtain the 500 signatures from elected officials necessary for being a candidate. He says he is fighting for "the people that have no voice". He considers himself to be defending the need for unity on the radical left and is aiming to defeat the right and the far right, which have recently gained popularity. On March 19, it was announced that he had secured the support necessary to reach the second stage, alongside 11 other contenders. On the first round of the presidential election, Bové scored 1.32% of the popular vote (483,008 votes). [BBC News Articles Feb 1 and March 19 2007]
In English translation
* "The Food for the Future: Agriculture for a Global Age" (2005) with Francois Dufour (translated by Anna De Casparis)
* "A Movement of Movements: Is Another World Really Possible?" (2004) edited by Tom Mertes
* "The World Is Not for Sale: Farmers Against Junk Food" (2001) with Francois Dufour (translated by Anna De Casparis)
* "Nous, Paysans" (2000) with Gilles Luneau
* "Le Monde n'est pas une marchandise ; des paysans contre la malbouffe" (2001) with François Dufour and Gilles Luneau
* "Rural - Chronique d'une collision politique" (2001) with Étienne Davodeau
* "Retour de Palestine" (2002)
* "Paysan du Monde" (2002) with Gilles Luneau
* "La Confédération paysanne" (2003) with Yves Manguy
* "Pour la désobéissance civique" (2004) with Gilles Luneau
* [http://www.viacampesina.org Via campesina]
* [http://www.thenation.com/blogs/thebeat?pid=58333 José Bové's Not Welcome in Bush's USA]
* [http://www.unisavecbove.org Petition for Jose Bove to the french election]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Jose Bove — José Bové José Bové Nom de naissance … Wikipédia en Français
José Bové — (Toulouse, 2007). José Bové (Talence, 11 de junio de 1953) es un político y sindicalista francés del sector agrícola, figura releva … Wikipedia Español
José Bové — (Toulouse, 2007) José Bové (* 11. Juni 1953 in Talence, Département Gironde), ist Gründungsmitglied und eine führende Figur der Confédération paysanne … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jose Bove — José Bové (Toulouse, 2007) José Bové (* 11. Juni 1953 in Talence, Département Gironde), ist Gründungsmitglied und eine führende Figur der Confédération paysanne, eines französischen Bauernverbandes, der sich in den 1980er Jahren als alternativ… … Deutsch Wikipedia
José Bové — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bovet. José Bové … Wikipédia en Français
Bové — José Bové José Bové Nom de naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Bove — may refer to:*José Bové alter globalization movement *Joseph Bové, Russian architect *House of Bove noble family of Ravello, Italy *Bove/Bover legal graffiti artist in the area of north west London … Wikipedia
Bove — bzw. Bové ist der Name folgender Personen: Emmanuel Bove (1898–1945), französischer Schriftsteller José Bové (* 1953), französischer Antiglobalisierungsaktivist Joseph Bové (1784–1834), russisch italienischer Architekt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jose — José Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. José est une variante portugaise et espagnole du prénom Joseph. José Acasuso José Alberto José Bové José Canalejas José Martí José Théodore Toponymie … Wikipédia en Français
Bové — Folgende Person heißt Bove: Emmanuel Bove (1898–1945), französischer Schriftsteller José Bové (* 1953), französischer Antiglobalisierungsaktivist Joseph Bové (1784–1834), russisch italienischer Architekt … Deutsch Wikipedia