École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne


École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Infobox University
name = École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne


motto =
established = 1853, Opened 1869
type = Public
head_label = President
head = Patrick Aebischer
city = Lausanne
state = Vaud
country = Switzerland
coor = coord|46|31|13|N|6|33|56|E|region:CH-VD_type:edu|display=inline,title
undergrad = ~ 5,000
postgrad = ~ 1,400
faculty =
free_label = Nationalities
free = 100+
campus = Urban
mascot =
website = [http://www.epfl.ch/ www.epfl.ch]
Location map | Switzerland
caption = Location: Lausanne, Switzerland
width=250
label=EPFL
label-size=90
background = #DDDD44 | position=top
lat_deg=46 | lat_min=31
lon_deg= 6 | lon_min=34
mark=Green_pog.svg| marksize=8
float=right
The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) is the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland. The EPFL is ranked the world's 18th university in the field of "Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences" in the 2008 academic ranking of world universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University [cite web | title=2008 academic ranking of world universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University | url=http://www.arwu.org/ARWU-FIELD2008/ENG2008.htm | publisher=Shanghai Jiao Tong University | date=2008-02-15 | accessdate=2008-03-06 ] . The EPFL is in the heart of Europe and is one of Europe's leading institutions of science and technology. In the communication field, EPFL is considered among the top three universities in the world.Fact|date=May 2008

The school was founded by the Swiss Federal Government with the stated mission to:
*Educate engineers and scientists
*Be a national center of excellence in science and technology
*Provide a hub for interaction between the scientific community and industry

The sister institution in the German-speaking part of Switzerland is the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH Zürich or ETHZ). Associated with several specialised research institutes, the two sister institutes form the ETH Domain, which is directly dependent on the Federal Department of Home Affairs.

History

Founded in 1853 as a private school under the name "École Spéciale de Lausanne", it became the technical department of the public "Académie de Lausanne" in 1869. When the latter was reorganized and acquired the status of a university in 1890, the technical faculty changed its name to "École d'Ingénieurs de l'Université de Lausanne". In 1946, it was renamed the "École Polytechnique de l'Université de Lausanne (EPUL)".

In 1969, the "EPUL" was separated from the rest of the University of Lausanne and became a federal institute under its current name. The EPFL, like the ETHZ, is thus directly controlled by the Swiss federal government. In contrast, all other universities in Switzerland are controlled by their respective cantonal governments.

The EPFL operates a nuclear reactor, CROCUS, a Tokamak fusion reactor, and P3 bio-hazard facilities. Following the nomination of Patrick Aebischer as president in 2000, EPFL has started to develop into the field of life sciences. It will absorb the ISREC (Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research) by 2008.

Campus

Originally, the EPFL was in the center of Lausanne. In 1978, the EPFL moved to its new campus in Ecublens a suburb south-west of Lausanne on the shores of Lake Geneva. In 2002, the department of architecture also moved to the campus in Ecublens. This united all departments of the EPFL on the same site.

Buildings

The campus consists of about 65 buildings on 136 acres. Built according to the growth of the school, the campus includes different types of architectures:
* Late 70s-80s: modularized building, used today by the Schools of Basic Sciences and Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
* 90s: buildings with institutes from the Schools of Engineering Sciences and Techniques, Computer and Communication Sciences, and the Scientific Park (PSE)
* Modern: new buildings (2002-2004) with Microengineering, Communications and Architecture institutes and the School of Life Sciences

The EPFL and the nearby University of Lausanne share an active sports center five minutes away from the EPFL campus on the shores of the Lake Geneva.

Facilities

Facilities are available on the campus for the students and staff:
*Libraries:
** Central Library [http://library.epfl.ch (EPF-BC)]
** Architecture [http://sar.epfl.ch/page64889.html (EPF-DA)]
** Centre de documentation sur l'environnement construit [http://cedec.epfl.ch/ (EPF-CEDEC)]
** Centre de recherches en physique des plasmas [http://crppwww.epfl.ch/~coda/library/crpp_library.html (EPF-CRPP)]
** Center of Research and Support of Training and its Technologies [http://craft.epfl.ch/page60788-en.html (EPF-CRAFT)]
** Chemistry [http://biscom.epfl.ch/index_e.html (BISCOM)]
** Computer and Communication Sciences [http://ic.epfl.ch/page7681.html (EPF-IC)]
** Laboratoire de Topométrie [http://topo.epfl.ch/presentation/library/bibliotheque.php (EPF-TOP)]
** Laboratory for Intermodality, Transport and Planning [http://itep-tso.epfl.ch/litep_f/bibliotheque.php (EPF-LITEP)]
** Materials Sciences [http://imx.epfl.ch/page8624.html (EPF-BIMX)]
** Mathematics [http://sma.epfl.ch/bma/english/HOME/index.html (EPF-DMA)]
** Physics [http://sb2.epfl.ch/SPH/PhysicsLibrary.html (EPF-PHY)]
*Restaurant:
** Le Copernic
*Cafeterias:
** La Coupole
** Le Corbusier
** Le Parmentier
** Le Vinci
** BMX (Bâtiment des Matériaux)
** BC (Bâtiment des Communications)
** L'Arcadie
*Bar:
** Satellite
*Travel agencies
**Swiss Federal Railroad
**STA Travel
*Banks:
**UBS AG
**La Poste
*Radio
** [http://fb.epfl.ch Fréquence Banane] Student radio. (Listen: [http://www.frequencebanane.ch/fb_128.m3u mp3 128kbit/s] or [http://www.frequencebanane.ch/fb.smil realaudio 64kbit/s] )

Organization

The EPFL is organised into seven schools, themselves formed of institutes that group research units (laboratories or chairs) around common themes.

The EPFL is constituted of the following Schools:
* [http://sb.epfl.ch/en SB] ("Sciences de base" – Basic Sciences) mathematics, physics and chemistry
**Institute of Analysis and Scientific Computing (IACS, Jacques Rappaz)
**Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering ( [http://isic.epfl.ch ISIC] , Hubert Girault)
**Institute of Mathematics (IMA, Stephan Morgenthaler)
**Institute of Geometry, Algebra and Topology (IGAT, Jacques Thévenaz)
**Institute of Physics of Energy and Particles (IPEP, Minh Quang Tran)
**Institute of Complex Matter Physics (IPMC, László Forró)
**Institute of the Physics of Nanostructures (IPN, Harald Brune)
**Institute of Physical Sciences (SPH-GE, Jean-Philippe Ansermet)
**Institute of Quantum Electronics and Photonics (IPEQ, Benoît Deveaud-Plédran)
**Institute of Theoretical Physics (ITP, Alfonso Baldereschi)
**Institute of Computational Condensed Matter Physics (IRRMA, Alfonso Baldereschi)
**Institute of Mathematics B (IMB, Eva Bayer Fluckiger)
**Interdisciplinary Center for Electron Microscopy (CIME, Cécile Hébert)
**Center for Research In Plasma Physics (CRPP, Minh Quang Tran)
**PRN Quantum Photonics (PRN-QP, Benoît Deveaud-Plédran)
**Bernoulli Center (CIB, Tudor Ratiu)
* [http://sti.epfl.ch/index.en.html STI] ("Sciences et techniques de l'ingénieur" – Engineering Sciences and Techniques) Mechanical engineering, Microengineering, Materials Science and Engineering
**Institute of Energy Sciences (ISE, Daniel Favrat)
**Institute of Biomedical Engineering (IGBM, Nikolaos Stergiopulos)
**Institute of Systems Engineering (I2S, Dario Floreano)
**Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystems (IMM, Mihai Adrian Ionescu)
**Institute of Materials (IMX, Karen Scrivener)
**Institute of Imaging and Applied Optics (IOA, René Salathé)
**Institute of Manufacturing Systems and Robotics (IPR, Jacques Jacot)
**Institute of Transmissions, Waves and Photonics (ITOP, Juan Ramon Mosig)
**Institute of Signal Processing (ITS, Murat Kunt)
**Center of MicroNanoTechnology (CMI, Philippe Renaud)
**Space Center (CTS, Juan Mosig)
* [http://enac.epfl.ch/en/ ENAC] ("Environnement naturel, architectural et construit" – Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering) architecture, civil engineering, Environmental Sciences and Engineering (agronomy)
**Institute of Architecture (IA, [http://people.epfl.ch/bruno.marchand/ Bruno Marchand] )
**Structural Engineering Institute (IS, [http://people.epfl.ch/aurelio.muttoni/ Aurelio Muttoni] )
**Institute of Urban and Regional Planning & Design (INTER, [http://personnes.epfl.ch/jacques.levy/ Jacques Lévy] )
**Institute of Infrastructures, Resources and Environment (ICARE, [http://people.epfl.ch/jean-louis.scartezzini/ Jean-Louis Scartezzini] )
**Environmental Sciences and Technologies Institute (ISTE, [http://people.epfl.ch/marc.parlange/ Marc Parlange] )
* [http://ic.epfl.ch/ I&C] ("Informatique et communications" – Computer and Communication Sciences) computer science and telecommunications
** Laboratory for Computer Communications and Applications (LCA, [http://lcawww.epfl.ch/] )
**Laboratory of Nonlinear Systems (LANOS, [http://lanoswww.epfl.ch] )
**Institute of Core Computing Science (IIF)
**Institute of Computing and Multimedia Systems (ISIM)
**Institute of Communication Systems (ISC)
**Center of Mobile Information and Communication Systems (MICS, Karl Aberer)
**Center for Advanced Digital Systems (CSDA, Paolo Ienne)
**Center for Neural Information Processing (CTIN, Wulfram Gerstner)
**Center for Global Computing (CGC, Martin Rajman)
* [http://sv.epfl.ch/page58921-fr.html SV] ("Sciences de la vie" – Life Sciences) life sciences
**Brain Mind Institute (BMI, Henry Markram and Pierre Magistretti)
**Integrative Bioscience Institute (IBI, Alan Hubbell Jeffrey)
**Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research (ISREC, Michel Aguet)
**Global Health Institute (GHI, Gisou van der Goot)
* [http://cdm.epfl.ch/website.php CDM] ("Collège du Management de la Technologie et Entrepreneuriat" – College of Management of Technology)
**Program of Management of Technology and Entrepreneurship (CDM-PMTE, Christopher Tucci)
**Chair of Entrepreneurship and Technology Commercialization (CDM-ENTC, Marc Gruber)
**Institute of Logistics, Economy and Management of Technology (ILEMT, Dominique Foray)
**Management of Technology EPFL - UNIL (CMT, Francis-Luc Perret)
* [http://cdh.epfl.ch/accueil.php CdH] ("Collège des humanités" – Sociology and humanities)
**Human and social sciences teaching program (CDH-SHS, Eric Junod)

tudents and traditions

Several music festivals are held yearly at EPFL. The most important one, [http://www.balelec.ch/ Balelec] , organized in May, proposes about 30 concerts and welcomes 18,000 visitors.

Other smaller festivals include Sysmic organized in April by the students of the Department of Microengineering, hosting two stages for local and national bands, and [http://artiphys.epfl.ch/ Artiphys] , organized by the students of the Physics Department.

EPFL maintains several long-standing student exchange programs, such as the junior year engineering and science program with Carnegie Mellon University in the United States.

tatistics

In 1946, there were 360 students at the EPFL. In 1969, the EPFL numbered 1,400 students and 55 professors. The university continued to grow rapidly, and in 2002, there were 5,872 students enrolled.

In 2004 there are more than 9000 people at the EPFL. About 6000 of these are students, with the remainder consisting of professors, assistants and even entrepreneurs located in the "Parc Scientifique" of the EPFL. There are over 80 nationalities at the EPFL, with over 50% of the teaching staff coming from outside of Switzerland.

The EPFL have acted as advisors for the Alinghi project, leading to a success at the America's Cup in New Zealand in 2003 and in Valencia in 2007. The EPFL is also developing a sun-powered glider, "Solar Impulse", designed to be completely autonomous (capable of circumnavigation). Bertrand Piccard is the intended pilot for the demonstration of the glider. There is also a sensor network installed in the I&C building called [http://sensorscope.epfl.ch SensorScope] which reports live temperature and light measurements.

The EPFL holds the only nuclear reactor of the French-speaking part of Switzerland, CROCUS.

Notable Alumni

*Aart de Geus (Chairman, founder and CEO of Synopsys Inc)
*Michael C. Gastpar (Assistant Professor Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley)
*Martin Vetterli (Professor, information and communication sciences)

Notable Professors

*Martin Hasler (Professor, nonlinear systems)
*Thomas A. Henzinger (Professor, Software verification)
*Monika Henzinger (Professor, Algorithms and Director of research at Google)
*Rachid Guerraoui (Professor, Distributed Computing)
*Babak Falsafi (Professor, Parallel Hardware)
*Giovanni De Micheli (Professor, integrated systems)
* [http://people.epfl.ch/christian.enz Christian C. Enz] (Professor, RF and Analog IC design, one of the inventors of the EKV model of a MOS transistor)
*Dario Floreano (Professor, intelligent systems)
*Arjen Lenstra (Professor, cryptographic algorithms)
*Henry Markram (Professor, neurology)
*Claude Nicollier (Professor, spatial technology)
*Martin Odersky (Professor, programming methods)
*Minh Quang Tran (Professor, physics of energy and particles)
*Serge Vaudenay (Professor, security and cryptography)
*Martin Vetterli (Professor, computer and information sciences)
*Emre Telatar (Professor, communication and information theory)
*Michael Grätzel (Professor, Photonics and Interfaces Sciences, Inventor of the dye-sensitized solar cells)

Photographs

Follow [http://panorama.epfl.ch this link] for a live panoramic view taken with a 360° camera mounted on the I&C building.

See also

* GNUWin
* Logitech
* Alinghi
* Solar Impulse
* TCV
* Balelec
*Top Industrial Managers for Europe
* serec (Swiss Electromagnetics Research & Engineering Centre)

References

External links

* [http://www.epfl.ch/index.en.html EPFL online]
* [http://associations.epfl.ch/ Associations at EPFL]
* [http://www.solar-impulse.com/ Solar Impulse]
* [http://www.balelec.ch/ Balelec]
* [http://sysmic.epfl.ch/ Sysmic]
* [http://satellite.epfl.ch/ Satellite]
* [http://www.challenge07.ch/ Challenge EPFL - ETHZ]
* [http://archizoom.epfl.ch/ ARCHIZOOM - exhibition and conference]
* [http://ditwww.epfl.ch/cgi-bin/EPFLTV/home.pl?page=video&lang=1&connected=0&id=313&plugin=1&plugin=2&plugin=3&plugin=9&checkplugin=1 Presentation movie]
* [http://www.epfl.ch/epfl-virtual-tour/virtual-tour.html EPFL virtual tour]


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