Jingzhou


Jingzhou
Jingzhou
荆州
—  Prefecture-level city  —
荊州市
Location of Jingzhou within Hubei
Jingzhou is located in China
Jingzhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 30°20′N 112°13′E / 30.333°N 112.217°E / 30.333; 112.217
Country China
Province Hubei
Area
 - Prefecture-level city 14,168 km2 (5,470.3 sq mi)
 - Urban 1,579 km2 (609.7 sq mi)
 - Metro 1,579 km2 (609.7 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 - Prefecture-level city 5,691,707
 - Density 401.7/km2 (1,040.5/sq mi)
 Urban 1,154,086
 - Urban density 730.9/km2 (1,893/sq mi)
 Metro 1,154,086
 - Metro density 730.9/km2 (1,893/sq mi)
Time zone China standard time (UTC+8)
Website http://www.jingzhou.gov.cn/

Jingzhou (simplified Chinese: 荆州; traditional Chinese: 荊州; pinyin: Jīngzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in Hubei Province, People's Republic of China. The city is located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Its population is 5,691,707 at the 2010 census whom 1,154,086 in the built up area made of 3 urban districts.

Contents

Geography

Jingzhou occupies an area of 14,067 km² with its topography rising from east to west. It is densely covered by a network of waterways, as well as lakes.

Jingzhou is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River on the Jianghan Plain. Downstream to its east lies Wuhan, the provincial capital and to to the west the city of Yichang, the Three Gorges, and finally the Chongqing Municipality. Jingmen City, also in Hubei, lies to the north; to its south are Yueyang and Changde, both in Hunan Province.

Climate

Climate data for Jingzhou(1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
14.2
(57.6)
21.1
(70.0)
26.1
(79.0)
29.3
(84.7)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
27.5
(81.5)
22.4
(72.3)
16.3
(61.3)
10.8
(51.4)
20.83
(69.50)
Average low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.8
(37.0)
6.6
(43.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
19.6
(67.3)
14.0
(57.2)
8.0
(46.4)
2.9
(37.2)
13.04
(55.48)
Precipitation mm (inches) 29.6
(1.165)
44.8
(1.764)
75.4
(2.969)
107.6
(4.236)
140.8
(5.543)
159.9
(6.295)
151.2
(5.953)
119.9
(4.72)
89.3
(3.516)
86.8
(3.417)
55.2
(2.173)
23.4
(0.921)
1,083.9
(42.673)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.2 9.1 12.9 12.8 13.3 13.0 10.5 9.4 9.2 10.6 8.5 6.8 124.3
Source: Weather China

Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level city of Jingzhou has 5,691,707 inhabitants and a population density of 405 inhabitants per km².[1]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Jingzhou has jurisdiction over two districts, three county-level cities and three counties. The information here presented uses the metric system and data from 2010 Census.

English Name Simplified Traditional Pinyin Area Population Density
Jingzhou District 荆州区 荊州區 Jīngzhōu Qū 1,046 553,756 529
Shashi District 沙市区 沙市區 Shāshì Qū 469 498,526 1,063
Jingzhou Development District 荆州开发区 荊州開發區 Jīngzhōu Kāifā Qū 64 101,804 1,591
Songzi City 松滋市 鬆滋市 Sōngzī Shì 2,235 765,911 343
Shishou City 石首市 石首市 Shíshǒu Shì 1,427 577,022 404
Honghu City 洪湖市 洪湖市 Hónghú Shì 2,519 819,446 325
Jiangling County 江陵县 江陵縣 Jiānglíng Xiàn 1,032 331,344 321
Gong'an County 公安县 公安縣 Gōng'ān Xiàn 2,258 881,128 390
Jianli County 监利县 監利縣 Jiānlì Xiàn 3,118 1,162,770 373

History

Jingzhou has been a transportation hub and commodity distribution center for 6,000 years.

The ancient city of Jingzhou is what is now the main urban area of Jiangling County, which is one of the counties within Jingzhou City. Situated in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, this has been a strategic location of military importance since ancient times.

Ying, within the borders of present day Jingzhou, was the capital of 20 kings over 411 years of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods of the Zhou Dynasty (1046 BCE - 256 BCE).

The city is said to have been built with earth by Guan Yu in the Three Kingdoms period. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties period, it was the capital of the Western Liang. In the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, it was the capital of the Nanping State.

Sights

Numerous sites have been preserved from the Chu State period, including the ruins of five Chu cities, 73 sites featuring Chu Culture and more than 800 ancient tombs, including those of 18 Chu kings.

There are also historical sites from the Three Kingdoms period, such as the Wulin Battlefield (where the Battle of Red Cliffs took place) and the Huarong Path.

Museum

The city walls were rebuilt in 1646 and measure 9 meters in height and 10 meters in depth. The perimeter of the wall extends for 9.3 kilometers. The city walls, city gates, watchtowers, and battlements have been well maintained . Many of the towers on top of the majestic city gates have been damaged or rebuilt, only leaving the Chaozong Tower which was rebuilt in 1838 on the Gongji Gate.

The Jingzhou museum is well-known, most notably for a well-preserved 2,000-year-old male corpse. Also on display are silk and lacquerware from the Warring States Period.

Transportation

See also

References


hi shashi'

External links

Coordinates: 30°20′04″N 112°13′28″E / 30.33444°N 112.22444°E / 30.33444; 112.22444


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